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Updated: 16 min 37 sec ago

CIRS Newsletter 18

Mon, 05/18/2015 - 07:34
CIRS Newsletter 18 Center for International and Regional Studies]

Legionaries Living in Lutetia: A Study of the Socio-Economic Effects of the Roman Army during the Principate

Fri, 05/15/2015 - 11:35
Legionaries Living in Lutetia: A Study of the Socio-Economic Effects of the Roman Army during the Principate Wagner, Brian

Jihad and Jihadn’t: Emerging Parallels in Twentieth-Century Holy War Propaganda

Fri, 05/15/2015 - 10:26
Jihad and Jihadn’t: Emerging Parallels in Twentieth-Century Holy War Propaganda Layfield, Philip

Living and Imagining City Spaces: The Case Study of Beirut

Thu, 05/07/2015 - 05:04
Living and Imagining City Spaces: The Case Study of Beirut Harb, Mohamad Khalil “Schein und Sein,” is a baroque German proverb that literally translates to image and reality or the illusionary and the real. The dichotomy between the image and the real, the imagined and the lived, served as the initial inspiration for my project on the city of Beirut. Between the image and the reality, the notion of space unfolded and that was the crux of my research. This project has been a synchronic one, studying and capturing Beirut in a moment in time with all its contemporary complexities. The famous American novelist and essayist, Christopher Morley, once said “all cities are mad: but the madness is gallant. All cities are beautiful, but the beauty is grim.” This is the city, a place of paradoxes, a place of beauty, a place of contradictions, evidently a space. Whether we romanticize a city, or criticize a city, we tend to forget that in the end it is a space. In particularly, it is an amalgam of spaces that are imagined, lived, contradicted and resisted. From certain spaces, the imagination of the city arises and from certain spaces, a different lived experience of the city arises. This dichotomy of spaces is witnessed in Beirut, a city that exhibits a paradoxical relation between its image and its various spatial realities. In this research, I used Beirut and its spaces as a model and a means to an end. I probed to see how groups conceive, imagine and live city-spaces. When looking at the image of Beirut, we see one that is part of the global order of world cities; a cosmopolitan capital that provides all that is available in international exclusivity and its accompanying lifestyles. This globalist spatiality can be lived in certain enclaves of the city, albeit limited ones. While the image exists, a different set of realities and lived experiences in Beirut and its spaces also exist. These lived experiences are different from the image and project a new, locally-oriented reality. With this in mind, I asked two central questions for this research: Is the image of Beirut the product of an affluent upper class that imagines the city-space in a certain way? Moreover, is there a different lower-income group that lives and generates a different spatial reality in the city? Through attempting to answer these questions and through attempting to thickly describe Beirut in a moment of time, I identified a new model for studying city-space. This model is the Urbanista and the Biarti model. In this research, I will present this model and demonstrate the spatial dichotomies it generates in cities. Throughout the research, I will be using the Urbanistas, as the main label to describe the group that imagines the city and that positions it with the global order of metropolitan cities. It is the group that is responsible for the “image” and who lives the image in their globally connected spaces. I will also be using the Biartis, as the main label to identify a locally oriented group that lives the city in a particular way. This group accords a lifestyle that is so very different from the image of Beirut and that produces a city-space of its own. Evidently, space cannot come about on its own and it requires groups that live it and imagine it. A city is not a city without its inhabitants and through the Urbanista and the Biarti model, we will see that what we think is a unified city, is actually a set of fragmented spaces that are lumped under one label.

Community Action toward the Desegregation of the DC Public Schools, 1947-1954

Tue, 05/05/2015 - 14:16
Community Action toward the Desegregation of the DC Public Schools, 1947-1954 Liotta, Allison

The 2009 Iranian Presidential Elections in Comparative Perspective in Iran and the International System Anoush Ehteshami & Reza Molavi, ed.

Thu, 04/30/2015 - 10:37
The 2009 Iranian Presidential Elections in Comparative Perspective in Iran and the International System Anoush Ehteshami & Reza Molavi, ed. Zaccara, Luciano Much attention in the West has focused on Iran as a problem country. This book challenges the representations of Iran as a hostile regional power led by ideologues, and goes further by discussing how international relations are viewed from inside Iran itself, outlining the factors which underpin Iranian thinking on international relations and considering what role Iran, as a large and significant country in the Middle East, ought to play in a fairly constructed international system. The book is written by leading scholars and policy makers from inside, as well as from outside, Iran and includes academics with unparalleled access and insights into the world-views of the Iranian leadership. Subjects covered include: the rationale of Iran's Islamic constitution, including its electoral system, and the impact this has on international relations; Iran's view of the ideal international system, including the place therein of ethics, justice, and security; Iran's international interests, including energy needs; and relations with the West, including the clash between Iranian and Western views of the world order.

Saudi Arabia: Family, Religion, Army and Oil in Political Regimes in the Arab World: Society and Exercise of Power Ferran Izquierdo Brichs, ed.

Thu, 04/30/2015 - 10:35
Saudi Arabia: Family, Religion, Army and Oil in Political Regimes in the Arab World: Society and Exercise of Power Ferran Izquierdo Brichs, ed. Soler, Eduard; Zaccara, Luciano One of the implications of Orientalism is that the Arab world, as a homogenous entity, is often analysed as an anomaly within the international system. This book argues that, despite their differences, societies across the globe ultimately construct their own history according to very similar dynamics and tensions. The methodological approach of this book, using different countries within the Arab world as models, offers the reader an analysis of relations between the elites and their opposition in a variety of settings. A definition of the political structure of each country is drawn from this analysis before potential future scenarios, as according to country specific experts, are proposed. This model provides a useful contribution to students and scholars of political science and international relations. Through providing a comparative study of the political regimes currently operating in the Arab world; their elites, civil society, power resources and political resistance, this book illustrates that despite the image of homogeneity sometimes portrayed by the Arab world, it is the multiplicity of models and heterogeneity of regimes that constitute reality.

Custom in Islamic Law and Legal Theory, the Development of the Concepts of ‘Urf and ‘Adah in the Islamic Legal Tradition.

Thu, 04/30/2015 - 10:29
Custom in Islamic Law and Legal Theory, the Development of the Concepts of ‘Urf and ‘Adah in the Islamic Legal Tradition. Shaban, Ayman This book explores the relationship between custom and Islamic law and seeks to uncover the role of custom in the construction of legal rulings. On a deeper level, however, it deals with the perennial problem of change and continuity in the Islamic legal tradition (or any tradition for that matter).

Muslim Communities in Post-Cold War Europe

Thu, 04/30/2015 - 10:25
Muslim Communities in Post-Cold War Europe Nonneman, Gerd

Iran under Ahmadinejad: a European View

Thu, 04/30/2015 - 10:24
Iran under Ahmadinejad: a European View Nonneman, Gerd

Security in the Wider Middle East: a question of avoiding self-fulfilling prophecies

Thu, 04/30/2015 - 10:16
Security in the Wider Middle East: a question of avoiding self-fulfilling prophecies Nonneman, Gerd

Constants and Variations in the British Gulf Relations

Tue, 04/28/2015 - 16:50
Constants and Variations in the British Gulf Relations Nonneman, Gerd A decade after the War for Kuwait and two decades after the Iran-Iraq War, the wider Gulf region remains mired in internal, regional and international conflicts. Iran, Iraq, and the Arab Gulf States presents analytical perspectives - including solution-oriented assessments to identify major causes for actual and potential conflicts throughout the Gulf. The twenty-six papers assembled in this volume identify trends for the next decade. Studies on Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi and Arab Gulf States' political agendas on the domestic, regional and international fronts are included, along with assessments on pending legal issues, including border disputes, relations among the Gulf states themselves, as well as their complex and evolving ties with several Western powers. The study closes with four 'trends' chapters looking at the 2000-2010 period.

The Gulf States and the Iran-Iraq War: Pattern Shifts and Continuities

Tue, 04/28/2015 - 16:49
The Gulf States and the Iran-Iraq War: Pattern Shifts and Continuities Nonneman, Gerd Iraq and Iran are the two most important states in the Gulf region, given their population size, military strength, and the potential threat they pose to other states in the region. This book enhances our understanding of the troubled relationship between Iran and Iraq, placing it in historical context, examining the rapid deterioration leading to the eight-year war that started in 1980 and the effects of that trauma, and exploring the ongoing issues that currently bedevil bilateral relations. The authors cover such central issues as how each side has sought to use opposition groups in the other state to weaken it, ethnic divisions, the role of outside states (especially the United States), and a fascinating account of how the war affected a generation of Iraqis and Iranians. The role of the U.S. in the region and how U.S. policy has affected the two states are also considered. This book provides a basis for understanding the background of a tumultuous relationship that is entering a new era.

The Three Environments of Middle East Foreign Policy Making and Relations with Europe

Tue, 04/28/2015 - 16:48
The Three Environments of Middle East Foreign Policy Making and Relations with Europe Nonneman, Gerd In the post-9/11 climate, the role of Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) states in Europe’s regional security environment and international politics has become more than ever a focus for attention, but remains ill-understood. This book provides a framework for the analysis of Middle Eastern foreign policies in general, and for understanding these states’ relations with Europe in particular. The book fills a gap in the literature on Euro-Middle Eastern relations by adopting a south-to-north perspective, using the tools of Foreign Policy Analysis to examine the determinants of the foreign policies of the MENA states themselves: only thus can one hope to arrive at a genuine understanding of what underlies these states’ evolving policy orientations and behaviour towards Europe. The volume starts by laying out a conceptual framework for analysis, and examining the domestic, regional, and international environments that condition MENA foreign policies. Actual policy output is then systematically investigated through a wide range of country case studies ranging from the Maghreb and the Mashreq to the Gulf and Turkey. Europe is treated throughout both as a target of those foreign policies, and as part of the environment that shapes them. The result of a two-year project sponsored by the European University Institute’s Mediterranean Programme, the book helps bridge the divide between Middle East expertise and the discipline of International Relations. The systematic comparative analysis of MENA states’ foreign policy with special reference to Europe throws new light on questions about ‘Third World’ foreign policy.

Analyzing the Foreign Policies of the Middle East and North Africa: A Conceptual Framework

Tue, 04/28/2015 - 16:46
Analyzing the Foreign Policies of the Middle East and North Africa: A Conceptual Framework Nonneman, Gerd In the post-9/11 climate, the role of Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) states in Europe’s regional security environment and international politics has become more than ever a focus for attention, but remains ill-understood. This book provides a framework for the analysis of Middle Eastern foreign policies in general, and for understanding these states’ relations with Europe in particular. The book fills a gap in the literature on Euro-Middle Eastern relations by adopting a south-to-north perspective, using the tools of Foreign Policy Analysis to examine the determinants of the foreign policies of the MENA states themselves: only thus can one hope to arrive at a genuine understanding of what underlies these states’ evolving policy orientations and behaviour towards Europe. The volume starts by laying out a conceptual framework for analysis, and examining the domestic, regional, and international environments that condition MENA foreign policies. Actual policy output is then systematically investigated through a wide range of country case studies ranging from the Maghreb and the Mashreq to the Gulf and Turkey. Europe is treated throughout both as a target of those foreign policies, and as part of the environment that shapes them. The result of a two-year project sponsored by the European University Institute’s Mediterranean Programme, the book helps bridge the divide between Middle East expertise and the discipline of International Relations. The systematic comparative analysis of MENA states’ foreign policy with special reference to Europe throws new light on questions about ‘Third World’ foreign policy.

A Triple Nexua: Ideology, Political Economy, Foreign Policy and the Outlook for the Saudi Policy

Tue, 04/28/2015 - 16:45
A Triple Nexua: Ideology, Political Economy, Foreign Policy and the Outlook for the Saudi Policy Aarts, Paul; Nonneman, Gerd Heightened fears of terrorism, surging oil prices, and an unsettled Middle East have meant that Saudi Arabia has once again become the focus of international concern. The accession of King Abdullah in 2005 comes at a key moment in the country’s history. The tensions between the Kingdom’s regional and global roles intertwine with the dilemmas being faced at home. But for most outside observers, the country remains stubbornly opaque. This volume is the first to bring together in a systematic way such a wide range of expertise in a tightly integrated project representing the state of the art, drawing on the insights of an exceptional cast of leading scholars from Europe, the US and the Middle East. In a set of original and interlocking studies, contemporary trends in Saudi politics, society, economy and international relations are examined, exploring their roots as well as likely future development, in the light of ‘September 11′, the Iraq crisis, and changing global politics. The book integrates first-hand empirical investigation with the social science tools of politics, political economy and international relations – thus illuminating wider theoretical questions in these fields. The multiplicity of perspectives and areas of expertise brought to bear on the subject allows a balanced understanding to emerge of Saudi Arabia’s dynamics, challenges, and responses.

Determinants and Patterns of Saudi Foreign Policy: "Omnibalancing" and "Relative Autonomy" In Multiple Environments

Tue, 04/28/2015 - 16:43
Determinants and Patterns of Saudi Foreign Policy: "Omnibalancing" and "Relative Autonomy" In Multiple Environments Nonneman, Gerd Heightened fears of terrorism, surging oil prices, and an unsettled Middle East have meant that Saudi Arabia has once again become the focus of international concern. The accession of King Abdullah in 2005 comes at a key moment in the country’s history. The tensions between the Kingdom’s regional and global roles intertwine with the dilemmas being faced at home. But for most outside observers, the country remains stubbornly opaque. This volume is the first to bring together in a systematic way such a wide range of expertise in a tightly integrated project representing the state of the art, drawing on the insights of an exceptional cast of leading scholars from Europe, the US and the Middle East. In a set of original and interlocking studies, contemporary trends in Saudi politics, society, economy and international relations are examined, exploring their roots as well as likely future development, in the light of ‘September 11′, the Iraq crisis, and changing global politics. The book integrates first-hand empirical investigation with the social science tools of politics, political economy and international relations – thus illuminating wider theoretical questions in these fields. The multiplicity of perspectives and areas of expertise brought to bear on the subject allows a balanced understanding to emerge of Saudi Arabia’s dynamics, challenges, and responses.

Academic Intervention Services

Tue, 04/28/2015 - 10:59
Academic Intervention Services Widerquist, Karl

Business as Usual: How Albany's "Open Secret" Holds Back Real Progress in School Funding Equality

Tue, 04/28/2015 - 10:49
Business as Usual: How Albany's "Open Secret" Holds Back Real Progress in School Funding Equality Widerquist, Karl

Public Choice and Altruism

Tue, 04/28/2015 - 10:48
Public Choice and Altruism Widerquist, Karl

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