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“Fighting Sexism with Racism:” Anti-Immigration, Secularism, and the Politics of Shame in French Banlieues

Mon, 07/21/2014 - 11:25
“Fighting Sexism with Racism:” Anti-Immigration, Secularism, and the Politics of Shame in French Banlieues Recinos, Denise Throughout this paper, I analyze the case of gang rapes in French banlieues. I explore the reactions women have towards sexual violence, such as the shame rape survivors experience in their communities when speaking out. I also examine Samira Bellil’s memoir about being gang raped to further understand the implications and trauma rape survivors face, in particular those living in French banlieues. I analyze the ways in which the French Republic highlights sexual violence in banlieues and associates men of Maghreb and Muslim background as the main perpetrators of gang rapes. Even though the French state addresses sexual violence, highlighting and associating rape with men of North African countries creates a double bind for women living in banlieues. Survivors want to speak about their suffering, but at the same time they do not want to further stigmatize the communities they come from. As a result, the community demonizes and adds pressure to women to stay silent.

Criminalized Pregnancy: Drug Abuse, Fetal Rights, & Dehumanization of Poor Women

Mon, 07/21/2014 - 11:21
Criminalized Pregnancy: Drug Abuse, Fetal Rights, & Dehumanization of Poor Women Nwagwu, Jeanne Several questions arise from the conflicting issue of fetal rights versus maternal rights. The mother and the baby should be considered as one entity, so why are state policies trying to separate the two? Why are states more interested in punitive measures as opposed to treatments? Who reaps the benefits from this type of misguided retribution? More importantly, why aren’t mothers’ rights just as important if not more important than the rights of the fetus? In this paper, I plan to explore the complex nature of fetal and maternal rights within the context of the Alicia Beltran case, showing how state policies criminalize the drug use of pregnant women further I argue that we need to pay special attention to class because women of lower economic class are put at a higher risk for being criminalized.

Male + Feminism: Why Men Have a Stake in Racial and Gender Equity

Mon, 07/21/2014 - 11:17
Male + Feminism: Why Men Have a Stake in Racial and Gender Equity Lopez, Antony Why do males and minorities play a role of needing feminism? What I propose is working within minority communities now to secure a brighter future for all, implementing that all stakeholders have equal representation. After all, the men and women who are in college today will be the leaders and figureheads who inspire the generations that follow and set the framework for the majority minority population. We are presented with a unique opportunity to leap ahead and set an agenda to start a new chapter for this nation with a society that naturally works together and implements racial and gender equity as opposed to fighting for it after the fact. With all the current issues that minorities are facing and dealing with, now is the best time to incept feminist values into the conversations to create a future that ensures equity. Today’s generation would most benefit from implementing feminist values into their day to day lives and strive for a harmonious future between men and women. Feminism is currently the best tool to help our citizens - males included - resolve the inequality issues that plague our society, as it addresses the roots and not the symptoms of inequality. In present-day America, however, this has become an identification and movement with a great deal of stigma, which has plateaued its progress. In order for it to reach its full potency and aid social change, echoing the words of Jackson Katz, we need more men, “with the courage with the strength with the moral integrity to break our complete silence and challenge each other and stand with women not against them.”

CIRS Annual Report 2013-14

Sun, 07/20/2014 - 04:38
CIRS Annual Report 2013-14

“His Slave or His Despot”: Contemporary Compulsory Heteromasculinity through the Lens of Leopold Sachor-Masoch’s “Venus in Furs”

Fri, 07/18/2014 - 11:46
“His Slave or His Despot”: Contemporary Compulsory Heteromasculinity through the Lens of Leopold Sachor-Masoch’s “Venus in Furs” Riggio, Melissa In this work I will examine how male heterosexuality is closely linked with “masculinity” (in the white Western dominant definition), and how the compulsory heteromasculinity of the Western World affects not only heterosexual men's relationships with women but also with other men, and ultimately how they view themselves in society. My main argument is that masculinity is inextricably associated with heterosexuality, and I support that argument with examples of studies in which men discuss how they feel compelled to be masculine to prove their heterosexuality, as well as pointing out the reflections of these thoughts in Austrian 19th century erotic novel "Venus in Furs", a book published in 1870 but still very reflective of the heteromasculine structure of contemporary Western men.

The Malleability of Identity: An Exploration of the Muslim-Arab Detroit Community

Wed, 07/16/2014 - 09:25
The Malleability of Identity: An Exploration of the Muslim-Arab Detroit Community Al-Thani, Mariam

Factors Contributing to Youth Educational Continuance in Sector Ocotillo, San Pedro Sula, Honduras

Tue, 07/15/2014 - 09:58
Factors Contributing to Youth Educational Continuance in Sector Ocotillo, San Pedro Sula, Honduras Ippel, Matthew

Colombian Mavericks: Álvaro Uribe, Juan Manuel Santos, and the Politics of Securing a Country

Tue, 07/15/2014 - 09:46
Colombian Mavericks: Álvaro Uribe, Juan Manuel Santos, and the Politics of Securing a Country Dulik, Samuel

استثمارات دول مجلس التعاون الخليجي في الأراضي الزراعية بالخارج: حالة إثيوبيا

Sun, 07/06/2014 - 07:46
استثمارات دول مجلس التعاون الخليجي في الأراضي الزراعية بالخارج: حالة إثيوبيا Shepherd, Benjamin In this "GCC States' Land Investments Abroad: The Case of Ethiopia" CIRS Summary Report, Benjamin Shepherd uses data generated from fieldwork in Ethiopia to evaluate the country as a potential long-term source of agricultural staples for Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) member states as part of their national food security strategies. Part of the larger CIRS research initiative on "Food Security and Food Sovereignty in the Middle East," the report identifies the risks and well as the opportunities of investing in the agricultural sector of Ethiopia. There are sound opportunities for GCC countries to use investment in developing country agriculture as part of their long-term food security policy mix, as long as those investments are approached in a careful, constructive, and regulated way. To this end, some recommendations are made in this report for further research and for GCC state policymakers to re-think national food security policies.

The Impact of Open Government on Innovation: Does Government Transparency Drive Innovation?

Fri, 06/27/2014 - 10:21
The Impact of Open Government on Innovation: Does Government Transparency Drive Innovation? This study adds to the body of research on open government by empirically measuring the association of government transparency and innovation. The study uses Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) as a proxy measure of government transparency. It assumes that an increase in government transparency increases applied innovation activity, which is measured as the number of annual patents by country residents. The study also tests whether the association is different for countries participating in the Open Government Partnership (OGP), a voluntary multi-stakeholder international collaboration of 63 countries who have committed to make their governments more transparent. The analysis uses fixed effects regression on panel data from 1996 to 2011 for 95 countries, including 54 OGP members. Although the empirical results do not support the hypothesis that transparency and innovation are positively correlated for countries participating in the OGP, this finding contributes to the literature on open government by making an initial attempt to quantify the association of transparency and innovation. Additional future research demonstrating a positive relationship between transparency and innovation could help to justify implementation of open government policies and participation in the Open Government Partnership. M.P.P.

CIRS Newsletter 16

Tue, 06/03/2014 - 05:50
CIRS Newsletter 16 Center for International and Regional Studies CIRS Newsletter 16 was published in Spring 2014.It contains information about all CIRS news, activities, publications, and research initiative efforts over the Spring 2013-2014 semester.

To My Beloved, BB4N: The history of “woman’s writing”, or the epistolary novel

Tue, 05/13/2014 - 15:15
To My Beloved, BB4N: The history of “woman’s writing”, or the epistolary novel Patch, Laura A series of memorandums on the epistolary novel as established in the 1700s and its development in the modern age with the inclusion of electronic communications. Grown from a tradition of males imitating females, epistolary novels in modern times subvert gender expectations and stratification. Rather than a male chasing a woman, these modern novels give women the opportunity to participate as equal participants in their relationship. Case study: Meg Cabot’s “Boy” series.

Looking at connections between innovation and sport: How sporting cultures identify and manage new technologies

Tue, 05/13/2014 - 15:11
Looking at connections between innovation and sport: How sporting cultures identify and manage new technologies Goldsher-Diamond, Emily The contemporary public perception of sport as heavily regulated by sets of established rules, thanks in part to popular media coverage of binding expedited decisions handed down within a 24 hour timeframe by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) during the 2008 and 2012 Olympics, can perpetuate the view that cultures of sport are orderly and negotiations within them are neat; however, this is far from the case. The view of sporting cultures as beholden to top-down regulation occludes many of the practices that embed techniques and technologies within sporting cultures. This paper seeks to explore the space often concealed by the dominant narratives that privilege governing bodies in sport, spaces that simultaneously deny agency to the multiple actors and artifacts implicated in the history of sporting technology. The project draws examples from preexisting studies on mountain biking, ultimate fighting, pole vaulting and speed skating in order to identify the processes within each sport that end up designating an object as a technology, motivations for management of that technology and the practices that eventually do or do not lead to adoption of the technology within the sport. This exercise will lead to the final section of this paper, a framework-in-progress outlining potential routes through which barefoot running, Vibram FiveFingers and other minimalist running shoes might eventually be adapted by one or more running cultures. This is partially a corrective endeavor, revealing more complicated running cultures that incorporate lived experience, and a speculative project that might aid other scholars in making connections between innovation and sport that attend to and are embedded in deeply social fields of practice.

Catholics, Carter, and the Canal: Transnational Religious Identity and Domestic Activism on Issues of Foreign Policy, 1964 - 1979

Mon, 05/12/2014 - 10:19
Catholics, Carter, and the Canal: Transnational Religious Identity and Domestic Activism on Issues of Foreign Policy, 1964 - 1979 Prindiville, Peter

Composing Identity: Richard Wagner’s Legacy in Divided Germany

Mon, 05/12/2014 - 10:18
Composing Identity: Richard Wagner’s Legacy in Divided Germany Markoff, Andrew

Les Mécontentes: Gender and Profession in Third Estate Women's Cahiers de Doléances on the Eve of the French Revolution

Mon, 05/12/2014 - 10:17
Les Mécontentes: Gender and Profession in Third Estate Women's Cahiers de Doléances on the Eve of the French Revolution Kokensparger, Kathleen

Oil for the Engines of China: The Standard Oil Company and the Early Mechanization of China, 1927-1953

Mon, 05/12/2014 - 10:14
Oil for the Engines of China: The Standard Oil Company and the Early Mechanization of China, 1927-1953 Xue, Yongle

Women and the Welfare State: Deconstructing Women’s Relationship to the State in Ecuador from 1925-1938 from the Perspective of Carol Pateman’s The Wollstonecraft Dilemma

Mon, 05/12/2014 - 09:52
Women and the Welfare State: Deconstructing Women’s Relationship to the State in Ecuador from 1925-1938 from the Perspective of Carol Pateman’s The Wollstonecraft Dilemma Borowiec, Mary

أميركا، الشرق الأوسط، والخليج نظرة عربية إلى التحديات التي تواجه الإدارة الأميركية الجديده

Tue, 05/06/2014 - 08:39
أميركا، الشرق الأوسط، والخليج نظرة عربية إلى التحديات التي تواجه الإدارة الأميركية الجديده Rami Khouri CIRS Briefs are edited transcripts of lectures hosted by CIRS or concise academic articles. They are designed to make contact with a wider readership and extend CIRS activities towards interested members of the public

استثمارات دول مجلس التعاون الخليجي في الأراضي الزراعية بالخارج: حالة كمبوديا

Tue, 05/06/2014 - 06:50
استثمارات دول مجلس التعاون الخليجي في الأراضي الزراعية بالخارج: حالة كمبوديا Multiple Authors Foreign land acquisition offers the possibility of securing reliable long-term food supplies, but has been criticized as risking exploitation of communities in host countries. This Summary Report examines Cambodia as a case study of Gulf-state land investments in developing country agriculture to develop a long-term prognosis for this going abroad strategy. The report is part of the larger CIRS study on Food Security and Food Sovereignty in the Middle East.

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