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CIRS Newsletter 17 Center for International and Regional Studies
Water, State Power, and Tribal Politics in the GCC: The Case of Kuwait and Abu Dhabi Lambert, Laurent A. This paper shows that the GCC cities’ remarkable capacity to provide water to all their inhabitants despite the regional aridity should not be explained solely by apolitical factors such as the availability of desalination technologies and massive energy resources. Although acknowledging their importance, this paper demonstrates that the historical evolutions and achievements of the water sectors in Abu Dhabi and Kuwait city over the twentieth century are first and foremost the product of local and regional politics, and of reformist leaders’ agency at various times. Major changes in water governance can also be seen as a tool for, and as a signifier of, broader state reforms and changing politics. After independence, the manufacturing,subsidizing, and massive allocation of desalinated water were part of a political strategy aimed at redistributing oil rent to facilitatethe tribes’ allegiance to the regimes, and to legitimize the increasing power of the new states. By contrast, the region’s recent trend of water privatizations, as in Abu Dhabi, Doha, and Riyadh, for instance,represents a strategy of gradually streamlining the rentier states and liberalizing their economies with a post-rentier perspective.
Unemployment and household formation Ebrahim, Amina; Woolard, Ingrid; Leibbrandt, Murray In comparison to other continents, Africa has received little scholarly attention with regard to household composition. Household composition is endogenous to a variety of welfare issues and little is understood about the determinants of this composition. Understanding the household composition and formation decision may improve our understanding of how the unemployed gain access to resources and how household composition could provide a safety net to the unemployed. However, increasingly, more work is surfacing around the topic in South Africa.
Determinants of life satisfaction among race groups in South Africa Ebrahim, Amina; Botha, Ferdi; Snowball, Jen Economic indicators, like gross domestic product per capita, are commonly used as indicators of welfare. However, they have a very limited and narrow scope, excluding many potentially important welfare determinants, such as health, relative income and religion – not surprising since they were not designed to fill this role. As a result, there is growing acceptance, and use of, subjective measures of well-being (called ‘happiness’ or ‘life satisfaction’, often used interchangeably) both worldwide and in South Africa. Happiness economics does not propose to replace income-based measures of well-being, but rather attempts to complement them with broader measures, which can be important in making policy decisions that optimise societal welfare. This paper tests for differences in subjective well-being between race groups in South Africa, and investigates the determinants of self-rated life satisfaction for each group. Using the 2008 National Income Dynamics Study data, descriptive methods (analysis of variance) and an ordered probit model are applied. Results indicate that reported life satisfaction differs substantially among race groups, with black South Africans being the least satisfied group despite changes since the advent of democracy in 1994. Higher levels of educational attainment increased satisfaction for the whole sample, and women (particularly black women) are generally less satisfied than men. As found in many other studies, unemployed people have lower levels of life satisfaction than the employed, even when controlling for income and relative income. The determinants of life satisfaction are also different for each race group: white South Africans attach greater importance to physical health, whereas employment status and absolute income matter greatly for black people. For coloured people and black people, positional status (as measured by relative income) is an important determinant of well-being, with religious involvement contributing significantly to the well-being of Indian people. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0376835X.2013.797227
Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr. Democracy in Iran
EU-GCC Relations: Dynamics, patterns and perspective
Perspectives on the Guaranteed Income, Part I A Review of Six Books on Guaranteed Income: Arguing for Basic Income: Ethical Foundations for a Radical Reform by Philippe Van Parijs; A Review of Six Books on Guaranteed Income: Real Freedom for All: What (If Anything) Can Justify Capitalism? by Philippe Van Parijs; A Review of Six Books on Guaranteed Income: The Benefit of Another's Pains: Parasitism, Scarcity, Basic Income by Gijs van Donselaar; A Review of Six Books on Guaranteed Income: The $30,000 Solution: A Guaranteed Annual Income for Every American by Robert R. Schutz; A Review of Six Books on Guaranteed Income: "And Economic Justice for All": Welfare Reform for the 21st Century by Michael L. Murray; A Review of Six Books on Guaranteed Income: The National Tax Rebate: A New America with Less Government by Leonard M. Greene
Transnational Media, Regional Politics and State Security Saudi Arabia is a crucially important media player in the Middle East, commanding modern, sophisticated and far-reaching media systems. Driving the Saudi media hegemony is what may be loosely termed "a security imperative" which is tightly connected to internal dynamics, geopolitical considerations and regional rivalries. Empowered with its oil wealth, Saudi Arabia pursued a dual media strategy, operating state-controlled and circumscribed domestic media systems which insulate the population from undesired external influences and uphold the religious sensibility of the kingdom while developing decentralized, open and modern transnational media systems abroad capable of safeguarding the kingdom's interests and promoting its foreign policy. Instrumental as it may be in the kingdom's comprehensive security approach, though, the media have proven to be an inordinately complex asset. Although remarkable in many respects, the liberalization of Saudi media engendered a number of conflictual dynamics which are potentially consequential.
Dal Seung Yu. The Role of Political Culture in Iranian Political Development
Perspectives on the Guaranteed Income, Part II A Review of Nine Books on the Guaranteed Income: Freedom and Security: An Introduction to the Basic Income Debate by Tony Fitzpatrick; A Review of Nine Books on the Guaranteed Income: Basic Income: Economic Security for All Canadians by Sally Lerner; Charles M. A. Clark; W. Robert Needham; A Review of Nine Books on the Guaranteed Income: The Stakeholder Society by Bruce Ackerman; Anne Alstott; A Review of Nine Books on the Guaranteed Income: Socioeconomic Democracy: An Advanced Socioeconomic System by Robley E. George; A Review of Nine Books on the Guaranteed Income: Stumbling towards Basic Income: The Politics for Tax-Benefit Integration by Bill Jordan; Phil Agulnik; Duncan Burbidge; Stuart Duffin; A Review of Nine Books on the Guaranteed Income: Healing Politics: Citizen Policies and the Pursuit of Happiness by Steve Shafarman; A Review of Nine Books on the Guaranteed Income: Basic Income on the Agenda: Policy Objectives and Political Chances by Loek Groot; Robert Jan van der Veen; A Review of Nine Books on the Guaranteed Income: Daily Bread, the Story of Jasper's Box by Stephen C. Clark; A Review of Nine Books on the Guaranteed Income: What's Wrong with a Free Lunch? by Joel Rogers; Joshua Cohen
Utraque Unum 2:2 (2009) Schall, James Some articles redacted due to copyright restrictions. Please contact email@example.com for more information.
Georgetown Public Policy Review Volume 10 Number 2
Georgetown Public Policy Review Volume 8 Number 2
Georgetown Public Policy Review Number 7 Volume 1
Fragile Politics: Weak States in the Greater Middle East Kamrava, Mehran; Schmitz, Charles; Phillips, Sarah; Esser, Daniel; Wehrey, Frederic; Mikaelian, Shoghig; Salloukh, Bassel F.; Abusharaf, Rogaia; de Waal, Alex; Babar, Zahra; Osman, Dwaa; Robinson, Glenn E.; Brand, Laurie; McGillivray, Mark; Feeny, Simon; De Silva, Ashton This CIRS research initiative on weak states in the Middle East begins with a critical analysis of current definitions and terminology of weak and fragile states, scrutinizing the political implications of the prevailing discourse within the setting of the broader Middle East. The research also examines the domestic, regional, and global causes and consequences for the Middle East of the “fragility” of states stretching from Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east to Libya in the west. Employing multidisciplinary perspectives, the Center for International and Regional Studies examines the causes and implications of conceptual notions of state fragility across the region in relation to areas such as politics and security, economics and natural resources, intra- and inter-state relations, migration and population movements, and the broader regional and global political economies.
Utraque Unum 7:1 (2014)
Utraque Unum 6:2 (2013)
Utraque Unum 6:1 (2012)