ALEXANDER HILL EVERETT COLLECTION

SCOPE NOTE: Diplomat, author, political insider and brother of Edward Everett, Alexander Hill Everett (1790-1847) shaped American politics both abroad and at home. The Alexander Hill Everett Collection provides documentation of four important and diverse topics: life as charge d'affaires to The Hague in 1822 and 1823, analysis of the U.S. presidential election of 1824 before the final result was formalized, discussion of population theories, and expenses of the U.S. minister to Spain between 1825 and 1829. Consisting of seven folders in one archival box (0.25 linear feet), the Alexander Hill Everett Collection contains documents dating between 1822 and 1829.

The first three items in the collection, letters dating 1822 to 1823 sent from Brussels by Alexander Everett to his brother John, give details about life as charge d'affaires to The Hague, a post held by Alexander from 1818 to 1824. These letters contain several references to their famous brother Edward Everett. In addition, Alexander mentions Lord Byron, foreign dignitaries, and King William I of the Netherlands, among others. Moreover, Alexander writes at length about his own theory of population, which challenges the views held by Thomas Robert Malthus and William Godwin.

The fourth and fifth items in the collection, letters dating January 1825 sent from Washington, D.C. by Alexander to John, concern the political maneuvering and coalitions at play at a point when the results of the election of 1824 were as yet undetermined. As a staunch supporter of John Quincy Adams, Alexander Hill Everett discusses the strategies of Adams, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, and William Harris Crawford in these letters. He also touches on some interesting episodes in Washington society, including the city's celebration of the anniversary of the battle of New Orleans.

The sixth and seventh items in the collection derive from Alexander's service as U.S. minister to Spain from 1825 to 1829. The items comprise an account book listing expenses of the U.S. minister over those years. This source provides a wealth of details about costs for salaries, rent, travel, books, and other items. Taken together, the documents in the Alexander Hill Everett Collection shed light onto several historical subjects. Though few in number, these manuscripts are rich in content.

The Georgetown University Library Special Collections Division also owns a letter book used by Alexander Everett's friend Washington Irving while he was U.S. minister to Spain from 1843 to 1846. The Thomas Aspinwall Papers contain one letter written by Edward Everett, and the John Gilmary Shea Papers contain two items relating to him, including one letter. In addition, our Special Collections Division holds several books written by Alexander Hill Everett and several others written by Edward Everett.

A larger collection of Alexander Hill Everett letters is found at the Massachusetts Historical Society. Edward Everett papers are presevred at that institution and the Boston Public Library, among other places.

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH: Born on March 19, 1790, in Boston, Massachusetts, Alexander Hill Everett (1790-1847) was the son of the Reverend Oliver and Lucy (Hill) Everett and brother of Edward Everett (1794-1865). His father was minister of the New South Church in Boston. Alexander graduated from Harvard in 1806 and subsequently taught at Philips Exeter Academy.

Alexander Everett soon embarked on a foreign service career. After studying law in the office of John Quincy Adams, he served as private secretary to Adams, U.S. minister to Russia from 1809 to 1811. Everett remained in Russia for two years thereafter. Next, Everett became secretary of the American legation at The Hague, a post he held from 1815 to 1816. From 1818 until 1824, he was charge d'affaires to The Hague. After Adams became president in 1825, he appointed Everett minister to Spain. Working in that role until 1829, Everett was particularly concerned with the issue of Spain's relations with its revolted colonies in Central and South America. Everett authored three notable books during this phase of his career: "Europe" (1822), "America" (1827), and "New Ideas on Population, with Remarks on the Theories of Malthus and Godwin" (1823). Of note, Everett convinced his friend Washington Irving to come to Spain to work on "Columbus," and he obtained Spanish books for historians George Ticknor and William H. Prescott (Everett, Alexander H. "Prose Pieces and Correspondences." Evans, Elizabeth, Ed. St. Paul, MN: John Colet Press, 1975, p. x).

Returning to the United States, Everett experienced some economic and political turmoil. Although he obtained a controlling interest of the "North American Review" in 1830, soon succeeded Jared Sparks as its principal editor, and improved the periodical in his five year tenure, the venture was not financially successful. Moreover, his political fortunes in Massachusetts plummeted when, after serving in the state legislature, Everett switched parties from Whig to Democrat and was blamed for his brother Edward's loss in his bid for reelection as governor in 1839. Later, Everett served as a government agent in Cuba and president of Jefferson College in Louisiana. In 1845, Everett was appointed commissioner to China, but he died in Canton on June 29, 1847 soon after arriving there. Aside from articles in various periodicals, Alexander Everett wrote "Poems" (1845) and "Critical and Miscellaneous Essays" (1845-1846).

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ABBREVIATIONS:

AL - Autograph Letter.
ALS - Autograph Letter Signed.
AM - Autograph Manuscript.

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ACCESSION DATA:

Status: Open. Photocopies of letters permitted. Photocopies of bound ledger not permitted due to preservation concerns.
Provenance: Purchased from Robert H. Rubin Books, Brookline, Massachusetts, 2000.
Processed by Scott S. Taylor, June 2000.

BULK DATES: 1822 - 1829
SPAN DATES: 1822 - 1829
EXTENT: 1 box, 0.25 l.f.

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SERIES SYNOPSIS:

Series: 1. Alexander Hill Everett Letters Description: Alexander Hill Everett letters.

Series: 2. Alexander Hill Everett Account Book Description: Alexander Hill Everett account book.


FOLDER DESCRIPTIONS

Box 1 Folder 1
Alexander Hill Everett to John Everett
Date: 11/1/1822
Description: 1 AL dated 11/1/1822 from Alexander Hill Everett (1790-1847), U.S. charge d'affaires at The Hague (1818-1824), to his brother John Everett, providing information about life at The Hague. Reference to Alexander's mother Lucy Everett, the Prince of Orange, and [in final paragraph] their brother Edward Everett (1794-1865). Sent from Brussels.

Box 1 Folder 2
Alexander Hill Everett to John Everett
Date: 12/4/1822
Description: 1 AL dated 12/4/1822 from Alexander Hill Everett (1790-1847), U.S. charge d'affaires at The Hague (1818-1824), to his brother John Everett, regarding life at The Hague. References to their sister Sarah (Sally) Everett, their brother Enoch Everett, their mother Lucy Everett, a ball given on the Queen's birthday, the Prince of Orange, (Lord) George Gordon Byron (1788-1824), Richard le Poer Trench (Viscount Clancarty) (1767-1837), Edward Granville Eliot (1798-1877), their brother Edward Everett (1794-1865), and an article he was preparing for the "North American Review" on Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805). Sent from Brussels.

Box 1 Folder 3
Alexander Hill Everett to John Everett
Date: 4/9/1823
Description: 1 ALS dated 4/9/1823 from Alexander Hill Everett (1790-1847), U.S. charge d'affaires at The Hague (1818-1824), to his brother John Everett, regarding life at The Hague and in Brussels. Includes references to John working in the office of Daniel Webster (1782-1852), the Prince of Orange, King William I (1772-1843) of the Netherlands, King Louis XIV (1638-1715) of France, the popularity of Ivanhoe as a costume at balls, Edward Everett (1794-1865), and Alexander's book "Europe" (1822). A lengthy discussion of Alexander's forthcoming book "New Ideas on Population: With Remarks on the Theories of Malthus and Godwin" is found in the second half of the letter, which includes references to Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834) and William Godwin (1756-1836) and essentially argues that an increase in population increases food production and leads to better methods of food production. Sent from Brussels.

Box 1 Folder 4
Alexander Hill Everett to John Everett
Date: 1/2/1825
Description: 1 ALS dated 1/2/1825 from Alexander Hill Everett (1790-1847), U.S. minister to Spain (1825-1829), to his brother John Everett, with lengthy discussion of the politics of the U.S. presidential election of 1824 and the balloting soon to take place. Everett, an ardent supporter of John Quincy Adams, offers keen insights. References to John Quincy Adams (1767-1848), Henry Clay (1777-1852), William Harris Crawford (1772-1834), Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), and the "Richmond Enquirer." Sent from Washington, D.C. to Boston.

Box 1 Folder 5
Alexander Hill Everett to John Everett
Date: 1/10/1825
Description: 1 ALS dated 1/10/1825 from Alexander Hill Everett (1790-1847), U.S. minister to Spain (1825-1829), with ample discussion of the U.S. presidential election of 1824. Everett perceives that the candidate he supports, John Quincy Adams (1767-1848), will be successful. References to Adams, Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), and William Harris Crawford (1772-1834). The letter also mentions assistance provided by John Caldwell Calhoun (1782-1850) with an application to West Point for Alexander's nephew Oliver and provides an interesting description of the festivities in Washington on the anniversary of the Battle of New Orleans. Sent from Washington, D.C. to Boston.

Box 1 Folder 6
Alexander Hill Everett: Account Book
Date: 10/1/1825
Description: 1 AM (copy) dated Madrid 10/1/1825: "Account Current . . . The United States to Alexander H. Everett, their Envoy Extraordinary & Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain." Lists expenses of the legation, including costs for salaries, travel, stationary, and other items, with references to Obadiah Rich (1783-1850), Androin Garcia & Co., and Wiseman Gouer & Co. Formerly contained inside the bound account book located in Box 1 Folder 7 of the Alexander Hill Everett Collection, this document has been placed in this separate folder because it was loose.

Box 1 Folder 7
Alexander Hill Everett: Account Book
Date: 3/31/1826 - 7/31/1829
Description: 1 AM (copy) bound account book: "The United States of America in account Current with Alexander H. Everett Minister to Spain," dated Madrid 3/31/1826-7/31/1829. Lists expenses of legation for salaries, postage, newspapers, stationary, translation, books, rent, travel, presents for the King, and other costs. References to Baring Brothers & Co. of London, Androin Garcia & Co. of Madrid, secretary of legation J. Adams Smith, attorney James Rays, Lopez Roberts & Co., acting secretary George Washington Montgomery (1804-1841), and legation secretary Ch. Walsh.


INDEX

INDEX TERM - DESCRIPTION (DATE) BOX:FOLDER

ADAMS, JOHN QUINCY - REFERENCE (1825) 1:4
ADAMS, JOHN QUINCY - REFERENCE (1825) 1:5
ANDROIN GARCIA & CO. - REFERENCE (1825)1:6
ANDROIN GARCIA & CO. - REFERENCE (1826-1829) 1:7
BARING BROTHERS & CO. - REFERENCE (1826-1829) 1:7
BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS - REF.: CELEBRATIONS IN WASH.,DC 1825 1:5
BRUSSELS - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING (1822) 1:1
BRUSSELS - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING (1823) 1:3
BRUSSELS - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING (1822) 1:2
BYRON, GEORGE GORDON (LORD) - REFERENCE (1822) 1:2
CALHOUN, JOHN CALDWELL - REFERENCE (1825) 1:5
CLANCARTY, VISCOUNT - SEE: TRENCH, RICHARD LE POER 1:2
CLAY, HENRY - REFERENCE (1825) 1:4
CRAWFORD, WILLIAM HARRIS - REFERENCE (1825) 1:4
CRAWFORD, WILLIAM HARRIS - REFERENCE (1825) 1:5
ELECTION OF 1824 - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING (1825) 1:4
ELECTION OF 1824 - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING (1825) 1:5
ELIOT, EDWARD GRANVILLE - REFERENCE (1822) 1:2
"EUROPE" (BOOK BY EVERETT, ALEXANDER H.) - REFERENCE (1824) 1:3
EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL - CORRESPONDENCE TO EVERETT, JOHN (1822) 1:1
EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL - CORRESPONDENCE TO EVERETT, JOHN (1822) 1:2
EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL - CORRESPONDENCE TO EVERETT, JOHN (1823) 1:3
EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL - CORRESPONDENCE TO EVERETT, JOHN (1825) 1:4
EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL - CORRESPONDENCE TO EVERETT, JOHN (1825) 1:5
EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL - MANUSCRIPT ACCOUNT BOOK (1826-1829) 1:7
EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL - MANUSCRIPT FROM ACCOUNT BOOK (1825) 1:6
EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL - PAPERS (1822-1829) 1:1
EVERETT, EDWARD - REFERENCE (1822) 1:1
EVERETT, EDWARD - REFERENCE (1822) 1;2
EVERETT, EDWARD - REFERENCE (1824) 1:3
EVERETT, ENOCH - REFERENCE (1822) 1:2
EVERETT, JOHN - CORRESPONDENCE FROM EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL (1822) 1:1
EVERETT, JOHN - CORRESPONDENCE FROM EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL (1822) 1:2
EVERETT, JOHN - CORRESPONDENCE FROM EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL (1823) 1:3
EVERETT, JOHN - CORRESPONDENCE FROM EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL (1825) 1:4
EVERETT, JOHN - CORRESPONDENCE FROM EVERETT, ALEXANDER HILL (1825) 1:5
EVERETT, LUCY - REFERENCE (1822) 1:1
EVERETT, LUCY - REFERENCE (1822) 1:2
EVERETT, SARAH (SALLY) - REFERENCE (1822) 1:2
GODWIN, WILLIAM - REFERENCE (1824) 1:3
HAGUE - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING (1822) 1:1
HAGUE - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING (1822) 1:2
HAGUE - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING (1823) 1:3
IVANHOE - REFERENCE (1824) 1:3
JACKSON, ANDREW - REFERENCE (1825) 1:4
JACKSON, ANDREW - REFERENCE (1825) 1:5
LOPEZ ROBERTS & CO. - REFERENCE (1826-1829) 1:7
LOUIS XIV (KING OF FRANCE) - REFERENCE (1824) 1:3
MADRID - SPAIN - ACCOUNT BOOK OF U.S. MINISTER (1825-1829) 1:7
MADRID - SPAIN - ACCOUNT BOOK OF U.S. MINISTER (1825) 1:6
MALTHUS, THOMAS ROBERT - REFERENCE (1824) 1:3
MONTGOMERY, GEORGE WASHINGTON - REFERENCE (1826-1829) 1:7
NETHERLANDS - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING (1822) 1:1
NETHERLANDS - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING (1823) 1:3
NETHERLANDS - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING (1822) 1:2
"NEW IDEAS ON POPULATION" (BOOK BY EVERETT, A. H.) - REF., 1824 1:3
"NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW" - REFERENCE (1822) 1:2
ORANGE, PRINCE OF - SEE: PRINCE OF ORANGE 1:1
POPULATION - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING THEORIES (1824) 1:3
PRINCE OF ORANGE - REFERENCE (1822) 1:1
PRINCE OF ORANGE - REFERENCE (1822) 1:2
PRINCE OF ORANGE - REFERENCE (1824) 1:3
QUEEN OF NETHERLANDS - REFERENCE (1822) 1:2
RAYS, JAMES - REFERENCE (1826-1829) 1:7
RICH, OBADIAH - REFERENCE (1825) 1:6
"RICHMOND ENQUIRER" - REFERENCE (1825) 1:4
SCHILLER, JOHANN CHRISTOPH FRIEDRICH VON - REFERENCE (1822) 1:2
SMITH, J. ADAMS - REFERENCE (1826-1829) 1:7
SPAIN - MANUSCRIPT ACCOUNT BOOK OF U.S. MINISTER (1826-1829) 1:7
SPAIN - MANUSCRIPT ACCOUNT BOOK OF U.S. MINISTER (1825) 1:6
TRENCH, RICHARD LE POER (VISCOUNT CLANCARTY) - REF. (1822) 1:2
WALSH, CH. - REFERENCE (1826-1829) 1:7
WASHINGTON, D.C. - REF.:CELEBRATION, BATTLE N.ORLEANS, 1825 1:5
WEBSTER, DANIEL - REFERENCE (1824) 1:3
WEST POINT - REFERENCE (1825) 1:5
WILLIAM I (KING OF NETHERLANDS) - REFERENCE (1824) 1:3
WISEMAN GOUER & CO. - REFERENCE (1825) 1:6


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