FRANCIS BIDDLE PAPERS: SERIES: 4. Professional Files


Box Folder Title Date Description . . . .

7 1 Circuit Court Appointment Congratulations (A) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on his appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: James B. Alley, Philip Werner Amram*, Clinton Areson, Elizabeth H. Arwell.

7 2 Circuit Court Appointment Congratulations (B) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on his appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: Graham A. Barden*, D. Moreau Barringer, Jr.*, S. Baum, Leonard Beale*, Mary Beggans, Wendell Berge*, Alexander Biddle*, Anthony Drexel Biddle*, Charles Biddle*, Constance Biddle*, Eric H. Biddle*, George Biddle*, Julia Biddle*, Moncure Biddle*, Nicholas Biddle*, Owen Biddle*, Sydney Geoffrey Biddle*, John Biggs, Jr.*, Henry W. Bikle, Antonio Bilotti, Jacob Billikopf*, Richardson Blair (sp?), Curtis Bok*, Robert Bolger*, Adrian Bonnelly, Edith Borie*, Julian P. Boyd, Philip Boyer*, John O. Buchanan, Leighton Bradley, Ralph Bradley, Henry Braude, Joseph R. Brunsman. * This individual is also listed in the index.

7 3 Circuit Court of Appeals Appointment Congratulations (C) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on his appointment as judge of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: John M. Carmody, T.H. Carroll, Lewis C. Cassidy, Florence Challis, Leila Chapin*, Theodore S. Chapin*, Ellwood B. Chapman, Charles Francis Clement, Evans Clark*, J. Clark, Bea V. Cohen, Eric A. McCouch, M. Coom (sp?), Thomas G. Corcoran*, Charles Coumhorn, Jr. (sp?), Clothilde Crawford, Nicholas Crease, H.D. Cullen, Homer Cummings.

7 4 Circuit Court of Appeals Appointment Congratulations (D) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on his appointment as judge of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: Edith Baily Dant (sp?), Dodd Daniel, Eleanor B. Davis, J. Davis, James J. Davis, William H. Davis, Leroy Deininger, Charles Denby, Jr., John Dickinson, Richardson Dilworth, John M. di Silvestro, Charlotte Dodds, Morris Duane.

7 5 Circuit Court of Appeals Appointment Congratulations (E) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on his appointment as judge of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: Franklin S. Edmonds*, Thomas c. Egan, Samuel L. Einhorn, Edward W. Evans, James H. Evans, Caruthers Ewing.

7 6 Circuit Court of Appeals Appointment Congratulations (F) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on his appointment as judge of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: John H. Fahey, James A. Farley*, Frank P. Felton, Jr., Fred Fiechter, A.L. Fitzpatrick, Alexander Fleisher, Gerald F. Flood*, Stanley Folz, Lynn J. Frazier, Abraham L. Freedman, Lionel Friedmann, Edward R. Fuller.

7 7 Circuit Court of Appeals Appointment Congratulations (G) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on his appointment as judge of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: Joseph P. Gaffney, Lloyd K. Garrison, Walter A. Gay, Jr.*, Alexander B. Geary, George W. Geasey, Jacques C. Gemell, Millie Geyelin, Ellis A. Gimbel, Herbert F. Goodrich*, James E. Gowen, G. Hartley Grattan, W. Brooke Graves, Joseph J. Greenberg, Albert M. Greenfield, Morris, Grossman, Frederick P. Gruenberg, Michael Grugan, Joseph Guffey*.

7 8 Circuit Court of Appeals Appointment Congratulations (H) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on his appointment as judge of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: A.B. Hale, Thomas L. Hamer, Henry Hammond (sp?), Luther Harr, Mike Hayes, Alan S. Hays, Arthur G. Hays, Julius G. Heinicke, Beverley Herbert*, Ernest K. Herskovitz, Paul M. Herzog, W.O. Hefferman, Sylvan Hirsch, Joseph W. Henderson, Peter Henle, William Pinkney Herbert*, Alec Henderson (sp?), Mateo Hernandez*, Weldon B. Heyburn*, Harold M. Hudspeth, William K. Huff, James H. Hughes (carbon to Hughes from ?)*, George Ross Hull.

7 9 Circuit Court of Appeals Congratulations (I-J) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: Charles Alvin Jones, Bernard A. Illoway, R. Sturgis Ingersoll*, George Jaques.

7 10 Circuit Court of Appeals Congratulations (K) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: Harry E. Kalodner*, James J. Karn (sp?), John B. Kelly, Francis W. Kemble, John W. Kephart*, Oswald W. Knauth, Harry S. Knight, Fred Krivonos.

7 11 Circuit Court of Appeals Congratulations (L) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: Matt Langan, Janice R. Lea, Henry Leach, W.F,. Leach, Isaac D. Levy, Harold Liaman (sp?), Arthur Littleton, William H. Loesche, Roy M. Livingstone, Floyd L. Logan, Lloyd Laporte, S.B. Lloyd, Howard A. Loeb.

7 12 Circuit Court of Appeals Congratulations (M) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: Julian W. Mack, J. Warren Madden, James Magill, William R. Main, Albert B. Maris*, Adah Marks*, Thomas B. McCabe, George W.C. McCarter, Elizabeth A. McCouch, Robert McCracken, John J. McDevitt, Jr., M.H. McIntyre, Hayes McKinney, James M. Mead*, Raleigh H. Merritt, Harry Miller, George F. Milton, Edward Mingey, W.W. Montgomery, Jr., R.C. Mooney, Joseph A. Moon, Harrison Morris, C.W. Mumford, Katharine Chamber Munoz*, M.A. Musmanno*, Bernard J. Myers, Sara Myers.

7 13 Circuit Court of Appeals Congratulations (N) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: Spencer G. Nauman (ALS)*, W. Linton Nelson, James L. Nesbitt, J. Bennett Nolan, Thomas J. Norris.

7 14 Circuit Court of Appeals Congratulations (O) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: Leon J. Obermayer, John L. O'Brian, Charlton Ogburn*, L. Stauffer Oliver*, Joseph Ominsky*, Allen S. Olmsted, Paul C. Olsen, Isidor Ostroff*.

7 15 Circuit Court of Appeals Congratulations (P) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: Thomas A. Panter, George S. Patterson, Boies Penrose*, Maxwell Petcoe (sp?), Felix Piekarski*, Philip Price, Walter S. Pytko.

7 16 Circuit Court of Appeals Congratulations (R) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: John H. Rankin, R.H. Ransburgh, J. Howard Reber, David Riesman, M. Riley, Mona Robinson, Margaret Robinson, Bill Roehler (sp?), Emily Roosevelt*, Americus G. Rosa, Samuel Rosenbaum*, Joseph Rosenfort, Jerome Rothschilde, S. Leo Ruslander.

7 17 Circuit Court of Appeals Congratulations (S) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: Hans Schoenherr (sp?), William A. Schnader, Dorothy Schoell (sp?), Samuel B. Scott, Bernard G. Segal, Eustace Seligman, Sylvia de Grasse Shaw, Daniel J. Shern, Charles Sinkler*, Joseph Sloane*, Edwin S. Smith*, Lawrence M.C. Smith*, Maxwell Smolens, John R. Snively, Hays Solis-Cohen, Solomon Solis-Cohen, Maurice J. Speiser, Oscar Stabiner, Horace Stern, J. David Stern, Jonathan Stern, Leon Stern, Arthur J. Sullivan, Richard K. Stevens, Lillian L. Strauss, John J. Sullivan, Harry G. Sundheim, Isaac C. Sutton, M.S. Szymczak.

7 18 Circuit Court of Appeals Congratulations (T) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: H.B. Tate, Jr. (sp?), W. Orton Tewson, John H. Thain, Adele Biddle Thomas, Ewing Thomason, James Wesley Thompson*, R.E. Thomason*, Edmund M. Toland, David E. Triester, John P. Turner, Francis D. Tyson.

7 19 Circuit Court of Appeals Congratulations (W) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents include: James A. Walker*, Flora Walnut, Franklin Watkins*, Morris Way (sp?), Edward W. Wells, T.R. White, John Stevens Williams*, J. Alfred Wilner, J. Wingert, Nochem S. Winnet, Russell Wolfe, Charles A. Wolverton*. Includes carbon copy of letters from James A. Walker and Charles A. Wolverton to Franklin D. Roosevelt. Also, a series of letters recommending Biddle to James A. Walker from James J. Davis, Gerald Nye, Joseph Guffey, Charles A. Wolverton (* all indexed).

7 20 Circuit Court of Appeals Congratulations (Unidentified) 1939 DESCRIPTION: Congratulatory correspondence received by Francis Biddle on appointment as judge to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Correspondents not identified.

7 21 Nuremberg: Dwight D. Eisenhower Correspondence 1945 DESCRIPTION: TLS dated 10/19/1945 from Dwight D. Eisenhower to Francis Biddle apologizing for a transportation mix-up during the latter's trip to Berlin.

7 22 Nuremberg: Rudolf Hess - Correspondence re Release 1967-68 DESCRIPTION: Carbon copies of correspondence by Francis Biddle regarding the release of Rudolf Hess. Includes 3 TLS from John Wheeler-Bennett; and a copy of a statement regarding Hess's release from prison.

7 23 Nuremberg: Robert H. Jackson Correspondence 1946-49 DESCRIPTION: ALS dated 3/23/1946, 2 TLS dated 9/13/1946 & 3/1/1949 from Robert H. Jackson to Francis Biddle, with reference to the Nuremberg trials.

7 24 Nuremberg: Emil Ludwig (Report) 1943 DESCRIPTION: TLS dated 10/22/1943 from Emil Ludwig to Francis Biddle, attaching a report (dated 9/5/1943) entitled, "Encounter with a Junker and a Nazi," detailing an interview between Ludwig and two prisoners of war, a Prussian and a Nazi colonel (17 pages).

7 25 Nuremberg: Harry S. Truman Correspondence 1946 DESCRIPTION: TLS dated 11/12/1946 from Harry S. Truman to Francis Biddle, complimenting the latter on his report on the Nuremberg trials.

7 26 Nuremberg Appointment Correspondence (B) c.1945-46 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence to Francis Biddle re his appointment to and work for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Correspondents include: Milton I. Baldinger, James Bennett*.

7 27 Nuremberg Appointment Correspondence (C) c.1945-46 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence to Francis Biddle re his appointment to and work for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Correspondents include: William J. Campbell*, Joan Carlton, John M. Carmody*, Armand Chankalian*.

7 28 Nuremberg Appointment Correspondence (D) c.1945-46 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence to Francis Biddle re his appointment to and work for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Correspondents include: Marthe de Fels (1946)*, D. Crena de Iongh (1954), Donnedieu de Vabres to Katherine Biddle*, Denis J. Driscoll, L. Duval (sp?), Paul D____?

7 29 Nuremberg Appointment Correspondence (E-H) c.1945-46 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence to Francis Biddle re his appointment to and work for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Correspondents include: Gertrude Ely*, David Fyfe (1946)*, Bernice Gilkyson*, Sheldon Glueck, Edward Halifax (1946)*, Weeks Hall*, Edward Hart, D.J.V. Herwaarden.

7 30 Nuremberg Appointment Correspondence (K-M) c.1945-46 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence relating to Francis Biddle's appointment to and work for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Includes: Estes Kefauver*, Michael Kwapiszewski, Mary Masabielle, James G. McDonald, John F.X. McGohey*, Gerald McLaughlin*, James B.M. McNally*, Anne Malcolmson, Harold B. Moskovit*, Tom Meaney, D.S. Myer.

7 31 Nuremberg Appointment Correspondence (O-P) c.1945-46 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence relating to Francis Biddle's appointment to and work for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Include: Geoffrey Lawrence Lord Oaksey ("Guffey")*, Charlton Ogburn*, Robert P. Patterson (1946)*, George Philip*, Cornelia Bryce Pinchot*.

7 32 Nuremberg Appointment Correspondence (R-S) c.1945-46 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence relating to Francis Biddle's appointment to and work for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Includes: Kenneth C. Royall;Oswald Ryan; H. Scherbak with attachments, "Letters Relating to Scherbak's Formula for the Tuning-in of the Entire War and Post-War Effort of the Allied Forces," and "The Twelve Most Serious Obstructions to the Prosecution of War Criminals"; E.A. Stanford, Henry L. Stimson* (1947), Wesley A. Sturges*.

7 33 Nuremberg Appointment Correspondence (W) c.1945-46 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence relating to Francis Biddle's appointment to and work for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Includes: Charles Allen Ward*, Bill Waserman, Milton C. Weisman, Ruth H. Winant, Margaretta Wright*, Robert A. Wright*.

7 34 Nuremberg Appointment Correspondence (Unidentified) c.1945-46 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence relating to Francis Biddle's appointment to and work for the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Correspondents not unidentified.

7 35 Nuremberg Memorandum by Biddle: "The Sentences..." 1966 DESCRIPTION: Typed manuscript report by Francis Biddle entitled, "The Sentences at Nurnberg." Dated 1966. 6 pages

7 36 Nuremberg Lecture by Francis Biddle: "The Nurnberg Trial" April 24, 1947 DESCRIPTION: Reprint of lecture given by Francis Biddle, entitled, The Nurnberg Trial." Reprinted from the proceedings of the American Philosophical Society.

7 37 Nuremberg Notes by Francis Biddle: "The Trial of the Germans" 1966 DESCRIPTION: Autograph manuscript notes taken by Francis Biddle, possibly for an article, entitled, "The Trial of the Germans, Nuremberg." 4 pages.

7 38 Nuremberg Notes by Francis Biddle: "Rulings" undated DESCRIPTION: Autograph manuscript notes by Francis Biddle re the Nuremberg trials, entitled, "Rulings." 3 pages.

7 39 Nuremberg Memo/Report (untitled fragments) March 2, 1945 DESCRIPTION: Carbon copy of typed memo re the exchanged of American and German prisoners of war, specifically Erich Gimpel and William Kurt Colepaugh.

7 40 Nuremberg Memo/Report (untitled fragments) undated DESCRIPTION: Typescript of a report on German war crimes. Partial only: begins on page 43; ends on page 98. Subsection titles as follows: - Aggressive War Against Austria, p.45 - Aggressive War Against Czechoslovakia, p.47 - Aggressive War Against Poland, p.53 - The United Kingdom and France, 56 - Aggressive War Against Denmark and Norway, 9th April 1940, p.58 - Aggressive War Against Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg (10th May 1940), p.61 - Aggressive War Against the USSR (22nd June 1941), p.65 - Aggression Against the United States of America (11 December 1941), p.67 - Murder and Ill-treatment of Prisoners of War, p.71 - Administration of Occupied Territory, p.75 - Murder and Ill-treatment of Civilian Population, p.77 - Pillage of Public and Private Property, p.80 - Persecution of the Jews, p.89 - Count Four - Crimes Against Humanity p.96 - Individual Responsibility of the Individual Defendants on the Four Counts of Indictment, p.96 - Declarations Asked for by the Prosecution in Respect of the Six Names Organisations, p.97 - The Sentences and the Declarations, p.98 (no text following).

7 41 Nuremberg Memo/Report: Rulings on Individuals undated DESCRIPTION: Fragment of typed report on the ruling/sentencing of Nazi leaders including Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Wilhelm Frick, Julius Streicher, Walter Funk, Hjalmar Schacht, Karl Doenitz, Alfred Jodl, Martin Bormann, Franz von Papen, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer, Konstantin von Neurath.

7 42 Nuremberg Memo/Report: re Poland c.July 26, 1946 DESCRIPTION: Typed memoranda re the treatment of Poland by Germany.

7 43 Nuremberg Memo/Report: re Eastern Europe c.July 26, 1946 DESCRIPTION: Typed memoranda re Germany's treatment of Greece, Yugoslavia, USSR, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.

7 44 Nuremberg - Clippings 1967 & undated items DESCRIPTION: Clippings of articles on the Nuremberg trials. Includes: - "Remembering Nuremberg," by Victor H. Bernstein (The Nation, 1/23/1967). - "Nuremberg in Retrospect," by Charles E. Wyzanski, Jr. (The Atlantic Monthly, undated). - Article on Rudolf Hess, "Why Hess Should Stay in Prison" by Otto Zausmer.

7 45 Tennessee Valley Authority: Correspondence 1939 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence to Francis Biddle re the Tennessee Valley Authority. Includes: Robert S. Allen, Bruce Bliven, Morris Llewellyn Cooke, Judson Dickerman, Vic Donahey, R.L. Duffus, James Lawrence Fly, James M. Mead, Malcolm Ross, Robert P. Schick.

7 46 Tennessee Valley Authority: Marguerite Owen & Robert Marquis 1958-62 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence to Francis Biddle re the Tennessee Valley Authority. Includes: Marguerite Owen and Robert Marquis, re Biddle's writing about the TVA in his autobiography.

7 47 Tennessee Valley Authority: The Investigation (Report by Biddle) undated DESCRIPTION: Typed manuscript by Francis Biddle, entitled, "The Tennessee Valley Authority Investigation (1938-1939): a Personal Tragedy." (An early version of Chapter 3 of "In Brief Authority.")

7 48 Tennessee Valley Authority: Reports undated DESCRIPTION: Two printed reports by the Joint Congressional Committee Investigating the Tennessee Valley Authority. Includes "Memorandum with respect to allocation of common costs at TVA multipurpose projects" dated 2/28/1958.

7 49 Tennessee Valley Authority: Related clippings c.1961 DESCRIPTION: Clippings re other water authorities: Delaware River Basin and Ohio Valley.

7 50 U.N. Economic & Social Council: Correspondence (A-B) 1947 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence regarding the nomination of Francis Biddle as member of the United Nations Economic & Social Council. The nomination was opposed by Sen. Arthur Vandenberg, and much of the correspondence concerns this. Includes: Warren R. Austin, Leonard Beale, William Benton, Arthur Capper (carbon from Biddle), Morris L. Cooke (carbon to H. Alexander Smith).

7 51 U.N. Economic & Social Council: Correspondence (G-H) 1947 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence regarding the nomination of Francis Biddle as member of the United Nations Economic & Social Council. Includes: Bernice and Walter Gilkyson, Frederick Brown Harris to Alexander Wiley (copy), Edward J. Hart, Eliot Janeway (carbon from Biddle).

7 52 U.N. Economic & Social Council: Correspondence (M) 1947 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence regarding the nomination of Francis Biddle as member of the United Nations Economic & Social Council. Includes: Ernest S. Meyers, Francis J. Myers.

7 53 U.N. Economic & Social Council: Correspondence (O-P) 1947 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence regarding the nomination of Francis Biddle as member of the United Nations Economic & Social Council. Includes: Charlton Ogburn, John J. Parker, Claude Pepper, R.W. Purcell.

7 54 U.N. Economic & Social Council: Correspondence (R-S) 1947 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence regarding the nomination of Francis Biddle as member of the United Nations Economic & Social Council. Includes: Gerard D. Reilly, Eleanor Roosevelt (3 TLS dated 4/17/1947, 4/23/1947, 5/5/1947), Isabel Smith.

7 55 U.N. Economic & Social Council: Correspondence (T-W) 1947 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence regarding the nomination of Francis Biddle as member of the United Nations Economic & Social Council. Includes: Alberto Tarchiani, Harry S. Truman (carbon from Biddle), Herbert Wechsler, Aren Wiprud (telegram).

7 56 U.N. Economic & Social Council: Miscellaneous 1947 DESCRIPTION: Items relating to the nomination of Francis Biddle to the U.N. Economic and Social Council (1947): - Typed memo re Howard Ambruster's objection to the nomination, dated 3/17/1947. - List of Democratic and Republican senators.

7 57 U.N. Economic & Social Council: Newsclippings 1947 DESCRIPTION: Newsclippings of articles re nomination of Francis Biddle to the United Nations Economic & Social Council (1947).

7 58 Legal Case: Associated Press 1945 DESCRIPTION: Department of Justice news release re the Supreme Court decision sustaining the government's anti-monopoly suit against the Associated Press.

7 59 Legal Case: Montgomery Ward 1944 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence to Francis Biddle concerning the government wartime seizure of the Chicago plant of Montgomery Ward & Company, April 29, 1944 (see Chapter 20, pp.308-324, "In Brief Authority"). Includes: Henry Ward Beer, Robert W. Bruere, Evan A. Evans, Fred Gillen, Joseph B. Keenan, Lawson Miller with attached copy of a letter from Miller to Sewell Avery, Max Simon, Jim C. Smith, William Jenks Wright. Also includes summary of U.S. versus Montgomery Ward (typescript with copy).

7 60 Legal Case: Montgomery Ward 1944 DESCRIPTION: Correspondence to Francis Biddle re the U.S. government's seizure of Montgomery Ward, 1944.

7 61 Legal Case: Sidney Hillman & Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America c.1931-33 DESCRIPTION: Typed memorandum showing "the chronology of events demonstrating that Sidney Hillman and the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, upon their own initiative, without the aid of local prosecutors or the police, waged war against racketeering elements in the clothing industry, purged an Amalgamated local union and revoked the charter of another local union from three to five years before events took place which Westbrook Pegler, in his syndicated column, now charges to Sidney Hillman and the Amalgamated..." (4 pages). Includes transcript of a statement by James Farley (2 pages).

7 62 Subject: Criminal Justice - Charles E. Coughlin c.1958 DESCRIPTION: Items relating to Francis Biddle's research on Charles E. Coughlin (see Chapter 15, p.233, "In Brief Authority). Includes newsclipping and typescript on Coughlin (26 pages).

7 63 Subject: Criminal Justice - Red Rudensky & Charles A. Ward 1944 DESCRIPTION: TLS dated 9/22/1944, from Morris ("Red") Rudensky to Francis Biddle (3 pages). Includes biographical report on Rudensky, dated 7/15/1949-1/14/1953, 5 pages. Also, typescript, 4 pages, undated, re Charles Allen Ward, president of Brown & Bigelow, a former employer of Rudensky's.

7 64 Subject: Criminal Justice - Robert Stroud 1957 DESCRIPTION: Biographical information on Robert F. Stroud (a.k.a. the "Bird Man of Alcatraz." Includes information on Alcatraz and newspaper clipping on Stroud, "That Birdman of Alcatraz Really Feathered His Nest," (The Washington Post, 7/15/1962).

7 65 Subject: Criminal Justice - English Practices... 1943 DESCRIPTION: - Memorandum from William A. Harriman to Oscar Cox, 1/8/1943, attaching a supplementary notes on the "Central Executive Government of Great Britain" and the "practical working of the War Cabinet and its principal committees." - Memorandum from Oscar Cox to Francis Biddle, 3/23/1943, re "English Practices Concerning Arraignment of Prisoners and Use of Confessions."

7 66 Subject File: Criminal Justice - Quotations undated DESCRIPTION: Quotations about law and politics transcribed and collected by Francis Biddle.

7 67 Subject File: Criminal Justice - Oaths of Justices & Judges c.1940 DESCRIPTION: Typescript notes re oaths of U.S. justices and judges.

7 68 Subject File: Criminal Justice - Treason Indictments 7/26/1943 DESCRIPTION: Department of Justice news release re the indictment of 8 Americans living in Germany and Italy charged with giving "aid and comfort to the enemy by acting as propaganda broadcasters," including: Frederick W. Kaltenbach, Robert Best, Ezra Pound, Douglas Chandler, Edward Leo Delaney, Constance Drexel, Jane Anderson, and Max Otto Koischwitz.

7 69 Subject File: Criminal Justice - Conscientious Objectors 1943-48 DESCRIPTION: Items relating to the U.S. government's treatment of conscientious objectors during wartime: - Copy of typed report by James V. Bennett, director, U.S. Bureau of Prisons, re Stanley Murphy and Lewis Krawczyk serving federal sentences for selective service violation (8/23/1943). - Copy of Senate Congressional Record, 1948, re conscientious objectors.

7 70 Subject File: Criminal Justice - War Tribunals (Britain) c.1940 DESCRIPTION: Typed description of British war tribunals especially regarding the treatment of Austrians and Germans during the Second World War.

7 71 Subject File: Criminal Justice - Printed Items (Misc.) 1943-57 DESCRIPTION: Printed items relating to the U.S. Department of Justice and criminal law issues, as follows: - Department of Justice news release re the indictment of corporations that violated the Sherman Antitrust Act. Dated 1/6/1943. - Address by Wendell Berge, entitled, "Civil Liberties after a Year of War," delivered at the annual meeting of the Chicago Civil Liberties Committee, 1/23/1943. - c.1943/44, Democratic National Committee pamphlet, "Justice for All: a Report on what the Democratic Administration has done to provide justice for all Americans." - Printed statement regarding the upholding by the Supreme Court of Section 20 of the Criminal Code which "penalizes any person, who under color of any law or custom, willfully subjects any inhabitant to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured or protected by the Constitution and laws of the United States, on account of such inhabitant being an alien, or by reason of his color, or race..." Dated 6/25/1945. - Reprint of "Civil Liberties and Law Enforcement: the Role of the FBI," by J. Edgar Hoover, 1952. - Newspaper clipping, "Firm Hiring Ex-convicts Finds They Make Good" (New York Herald Tribune, 3/27/1956). - Reprint of "The Supreme Court Must Be Curbed," by James F. Byrnes, 5/18/1956. - Reprint of "Prisons Will Turn Them Out," by Martin Merson, March 1957. - Government document H.R. 8923, re a bill "to amend the definition of a youth offender under the Federal Youth Corrections Act to include persons under the age of twenty-six at the time of conviction." Dated 7/29/1957. - Government document H.J. Res. 424, re joint resolution "to improve the administration of justice by authorizing the establishment of institutes and joint councils on sentencing for the development of objectives, standards, procedures and policies to be followed in the sentencing of persons convcited of offenses against the United States..." Dated 7/29/1957. - Government document H.J. Res. 425, re joint resolution "to authorize the court in sentencing a prisoner to fix any earlier date when the prisoner shall become eligible for parole or to except such prisoner from the statuory limitation as to eligibility for parole when in the judgment of the court it might reasonably be expected to facilitate the rehabilitation of the prisoner." Dated 7/29/1957. - News release by Representative Emanuel Celler re introduction of legislation to revise federal sentencing procedures. Dated 7/29/1957. - Address by James V. Bennett, director of Bureau of Prisons, "Law and Corrections Open New Vistas for the Psychiatrist." Presented at the Forums Committtee, Menninger Foundation, 10/30/1957.

7 72 Subject: Charles Demuth undated DESCRIPTION: Typed note re biographical information on Charles Demuth.

7 73 Subject: Detroit Race Riot 1943 1943 DESCRIPTION: Memorandum to Francis Biddle by C.E. Retts, special assistant to the attorney general, re the Detroit race riot of June 20 and 21, 1943. 12 pages, with 1 page police report on deaths and casualties.

7 74 Subject: "Eisenhower-Nixon Breach" 1958 DESCRIPTION: Open letter (2 copies), dated 10/16/1958, to Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Eisenhower administration, re Eisenhower's relations with Vice President Richard Nixon. Letter submitted by Robert Gray Taylor.

7 75 Subject: Federal Prohibition Commission 1924-25 DESCRIPTION: 2 TLS dated 12/30/1924 & 1/7/1925 from R.A. Haynes, prohibition commissioner, Federal Prohibition Commission, to Mabel Walker Willebrandt, assistant attorney general, and to George W. Coles, U.S. attorney, .respectively. Reference to the indictment of general prohibition agent James L. Asher for murder.

7 76 Subject: Immigration (Printed Information) 1964-67 DESCRIPTION: Printed items relating to U.S. immigration law, policy, as follows: - "Immigration and Nationality Act with Amendments and Notes on Related Laws...," 4th edition, for use of the Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. House of Representatives, June 30, 1964 (242 pp.) - "Immigration and National Act with Amendments and Notes on Related Laws...," 5th edition, for use of the Committee on the Judiciary, U.s. House of Representatives, December 31, 1965 (260 pp.) - U.S. House of Representatives Report No.745, "Amending the Immigration and Nationality Act..." (August 6, 1965). 50 pp. - 1967 Report of the Visa Office, Bureau of Security and Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. 79 pp. - Xerox copy of U.S. State Department regulations on immigration and alien registration, 1 page, undated. - Blank forms: Application for Immigrant Visa and Alien Registration, Application to file Petition for Naturalization, Passport Application, Report of Medical History.

7 77 Subject: Immigration (miscellaneous) undated DESCRIPTION: Miscellaneous notes, transcripts relating to U.S. immigration: - Typescript draft of revision of a section of U.S. immigration procedures re questions being asked of applicants. - Autograph note re the establishment of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1933. - Transcriptions of excerpts of applicants' letters received the Alien Registration Division. - Transcriptions of excerpts of articles and memoranda re U.S. immigration law.

7 78 Israel 1967 DESCRIPTION: Items relating to negotiating peace in Israel and the Middle East, as follows: - TLS 7/27/1967 from Morris Abram to Francis Biddle, re negotiating peace between Israel and Arab leaders. Reference also to Samuel Lubell and Louis Harris. - TLS 8/3/1967 from James A. Wechsler to Francis Biddle, attaching a copy of a news article by Louis Harris on an American opinion poll regarding peace in the Middle East. - TLS 8/24/1967 from Abba Eban, Israeli minister for foreign affairs, to Francis Biddle. - TLS c.1967, to Francis Biddle from Emauel Shimoni, head of minister's bureau, Israeli Permanent Mission to the United Nations. - Address (2 copies) by Abba Eban, "Never Have Freedom and International Morality Been So Righteously Protected," delivered to the General Assembly of the United Nations, June 19, 1967. - Statement on the Middle East Crisis, September 1967 (transcription); list of signatories of the statement, including Francis Biddle; press release summaries about the statement.

7 79 Subject: Robert H. Jackson re Frederick Vinson 1946 DESCRIPTION: News release by Robert H. Jackson regarding the nomination of Frederick Vinson for chief justice.

7 80 Subject: Mexico 1943 DESCRIPTION: Carbon copies of correspondence from Francis Biddle to Salomon de la Selva, Alfonso Noriega, Jr., and Carlos Pellicer, regarding a visit to Mexico. Includes carbon from Katherine Biddle (6/2/1943) re a performance of two of her poems set to music by William Grant Still, namely, "And They Lynched Him from a Tree," and "Plain Chant for America." Includes TLS 8/29/1943 from Salomon de la Selva to Francis Biddle; and TLS 8/10/1943 from Carlos Pellicer (in Spanish with English translation).

7 81 Subject: Presidential Powers during War (U.S.) undated, c.1941? DESCRIPTION: Typescript entitled, "The Powers of the President in Time of War," beginning with a quotation from Francis Biddle, "...The magnitude of the threatened disaster is the measure of the President's power and duty to take steps necessary to avert it..." dated September 18, 1941. 17 pages.

7 82 Subject: Restoration (architectural preservation) 1964-66 DESCRIPTION: Items relating to the restoration/preservation of architectural sites, including: - Carbon dated 6/3/1966 from Francis Biddle to J. Gordon Douglas, III, re preserving historic houses in Newport, Rhode Island. - Printed pamphlet from the Association for Improving the Medical Resources of Outer Cape Cod, Inc., dated 1964. - Printed pamphlet (c.1965) regarding proposed new construction in Georgetown, Washington, D.C., by Georgetown University. Reference to Harbin Hall, Darnell Hall, and a new library to be located on the corner of 37th and Prospect streets, N.W. (site of the current Lauinger Memorial Library).

7 83 Subject: U.S.S.R. undated DESCRIPTION: Partial typed report on the U.S.S.R.


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