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THE MARTIN S. QUIGLEY PAPERS

The Martin S. Quigley Papers consist of correspondence, manuscripts, notes and photocopies of government documents, most of which was used in the writing and research of Martin S. Quigley's book, Peace Without Hiroshima (1990). The papers comprise 6 linear feet of material contained in 4 boxes and are arranged into five Series: The Family Correspondence Series, the Research Correspondence Series, the Government Documents Series, the Manuscripts and Notes Series, and the Books Series. Martin S. Quigley was born in Chicago in 1917, the son of Martin J. Quigley, the distinguished publisher and editor of several influential motion picture trade journals. Martin S. Quigley attended Georgetown University and received an A.B. in 1939, graduating first in his class. Quigley was then trained as a reporter and film reviewer for the Motion Picture Herald and the Motion Picture Daily. In the Spring of 1942, Martin S. Quigley helped set up the first U.S. Government newsreel for distribution in neutral countries. From November, 1942 to September, 1945 he was a secret undercover member of the Office of Strategic Services (O.S.S.) of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, having been recruited for intelligence work abroad by General William J. Donovan. From May to December, 1943, Quigley traveled in Great Britain and Ireland (then Eire) as a representative of Quigley Publishing and the Motion Picture Producers & Distributors of America. During this time he sent regular reports to the MPPDA and the OSS about how film was being used in Ireland during the war and on general issues on the island such as neutrality and local sentiments about the war. After returning to the United States for almost a year, Quigley was sent to Italy by the OSS with specific focus on Vatican City. While there, Quigley was notified by Donovan to contact the Japanese Ambassador to the Vatican, Ken Harada, to make an offer for peace negotiations through the Vatican in the Summer of 1945. Harada sent two telegrams to Tokyo concerning the possibility of the negotiations, but received no replies; meanwhile, U.S. intelligence intercepted these telegrams and prepared what is known as "MAGIC" Diplomatic Summaries for use in Washington. Hence, even though Washington and Tokyo knew of possible negotiations in Vatican City (as well as through other neutral countries), peace did not come about until after the atomic bombs had been dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In September, 1945 Martin S. Quigley was discharged from the O.S.S. and continued to work for Quigley Publications. In 1946 he married Katherine J. Dunphy and the two moved to Larchmont, New York where they have lived ever since and raised their nine children. Over the years, Martin S. Quigley has edited motion picture industry periodicals and written a number of books: Great Gaels, Roman Notes, Magic Shadows, New Screen Techniques (ed.), Catholic Action in Practice (with Msgr. Edward Connors), Films in America: 1919 - 1969 (with Richard Gertner), and a dissertation, Government Relations of Five Universities in Washington, D.C. In 1975, Quigley received a Doctor of Education from Columbia University and soon began teaching graduate courses in college and university administration mostly at Baruch College of the City University of New York. From 1977 to 1984 he was engaged in local politics, elected first a Trustee and then Mayor of Larchmont. In 1984, he decided not to run for a third term in order to have time to write a book on his peace initiative at the Vatican. Peace Without Hiroshima was published in 1990. The Family Correspondence Series primarily consists of letters sent by Martin S. Quigley to his parents while he was on missions in Great Britain, Ireland and Italy during World War II. His letters from Ireland are particularly interesting with references to meetings with Eamon de Valera and other Irish notables. In Italy, Quigley was not able to be as open about his activities in letters home, but he does tell of a personal audience with Pius XII and discusses general conditions in Italy and neighboring areas. Also contained in this series are all other original materials from the war period contained in the collection, including original State Department pamphlets, wartime Italian banknotes and some letters between Quigley and members of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, such as Will Hays and Carl E. Milliken. The Research Correspondence Series primarily consists of correspondence between Martin S. Quigley and those helping him in his research for Peace Without Hiroshima. These correspondents include fellow O.S.S. veterans such as Earl Brennan and R. Carter Nicholas; historians such as Gaddis Smith and Richard J. Sommers; clergy members such as Robert A. Graham, S.J., Patrick O'Connor, Egidio Cardinal Vagnozzi; and Japanese officials such as Ken Harada, Augustin Masahide Kanayama and Bishop Benedict Tomizawa. The extensive correspondence between Quigley, Brennan and Graham are particularly interesting, with numerous accounts of the O.S.S. and its early history. The Government Documents Series primarily consists of photocopies of O.S.S. files pertaining to Martin S. Quigley and "MAGIC" Diplomatic Summaries, all obtained by Quigley through the Freedom of Information Act as research material for his book. These files contain numerous reports on the state of affairs in Ireland, Italy and Yugoslavia during World War II. Many documents are authored by Whitney Shepardson, Earl Brennan, General William J. Donovan, R. Carter Nicholas and Martin J. Quigley. The Manuscripts and Notes Series primarily consists of typed manuscripts of Peace Without Hiroshima by Martin S. Quigley, along with many handwritten notes and clippings pertaining to his research for the book.

The Books Series contains three books used by Quigley in writing Peace Without Hiroshima: Gli Americani in Italia by Roberto Faenza and Marco Fini; Overseas Branch of the Office of War Information, a dissertation by Robert Lee Bishop, and a book in Japanese by Augustin Masahide Kanayama about his diplomatic mission to the Vatican during World War II. - : - : - : - : - : - : - : - : - : - : - Extent: 6 linear feet Number of Boxes: 4 Bulk dates: 1940 - 1990 Span dates: 1937 - 1990 Provenance: Gift of Martin S. Quigley, 1991. Processed by: Michael J. North Date: November 19, 1991

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Abbreviations

ALS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Autograph Letter Signed

AMs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Autograph Manuscript

ANS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Autograph Note Signed

TLS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typed Letter Signed

TMs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Typed Manuscript ACCESSION DATA: Gift of Martin S. Quigley, 1991.
BULK DATES: 1940 - 1990
SPAN DATES: 1937 - 1990 EXTENT: 4 boxes

SERIES


SERIES: 1. Family Correspondence Series


SERIES: 2. Research Correspondence Series


SERIES: 3. Government Documents Series


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Government documents, nearly all photocopies, collected by Martin S.Quigley during research for his book, "Peace Without Hiroshima."

SERIES: 4. Manuscripts & Notes Series


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Manuscripts and notes almost all by Martin S. Quigley and relating to hisbook, "Peace Without Hiroshima."

SERIES: 5. Books Series


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