Material in this collection centers around the human rights work of Fr. Patrick O'Mahony, a major focus of which was on ethical employment and working condition policies and practices of multinational companies and subsidiaries in the Third World, including South Africa, South America, and countries in Asia.

Fr. O'Mahony undertook a study of the moral implications of investments and the responsibilities of shareholders, particularly with regard to the policies of his own diocese of Birmingham. His early findings, primarily focusing on South Africa, resulted in the publication of "Investment: A Blessing or a Curse?" (1969). Subsequently, also, the Archdiocese of Birmingham disinvested from three companies because of their employment practices. Some years later, Fr. O'Mahony broadened his research to include other Third World countries. Whereas this led the archdiocese to disinvest from a further thirteen companies, Fr. O'Mahony felt that such a move, in general, was harmful and advocated investment in ways that would benefit the countries. The series of files concerning the many companies surveyed by Fr. O'Mahony includes correspondence with executives and senior officers of those companies.

Fr. O'Mahony's commitment to human rights advocacy is substantiated by the correspondence files in this collection relating to his support for the work of international human rights organizations such as Amnesty International, for which he founded the first Church-sponsored group, and the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture, of which he was a patron. Files relating to his work as a member of the Pontifical Justice and Peace Commission (1969-1975), and as vice-chairman (1972-1975) are also included, as is material on London-based humanitarian groups concerned with health, living and working conditions for the underprivileged both in Britain and abroad, such as the Catholic Fund for Overseas Development (CAFOD), the Catholic Housing Aid Society (CHAS), and the Catholic Institute for International Relations (CIIR). A notable item is a typed transcript of a letter from Mother Teresa to Fr. O'Mahony thanking him for a delivery of medical supplies to Calcutta, 1972 (Folder 1:81).

Another portion of the collection relates to Fr. O'Mahony's concern for the ethics of embryology and genetics especially in Eastern Europe, as well as ethical issues relating to abortion, particularly from the standpoint of the Catholic Church. Correspondence on these issues includes that from scientists and researchers in East Germany, Poland and Russia, as well as from such notable British prelates and clergymen as George Patrick Dwyer, Maurice Couve de Murville, Basil Christopher Butler, Thomas Corbishley, S.J., Hugh William Montefiore, and Arthur Michael Ramsey. Other correspondents include members of Parliament such as Lord Denning, and W. Percy Grieve.

Fr. O'Mahony was an active contributor to several Catholic journals including "The Clergy Review," for which he served on the editorial board; "The Month," and "The Tablet." Correspondence with the editors of these journals is a part of the collection and includes letters from John Frances Xavier Harriott, Peter Hebblethwaite, and Hugh Kay (editor) of "The Month"; Michael Richards (editor) of "The Clergy Review"; and Thomas Ferrier Burns (editor) of "The Tablet.

Biographical Note:

Patrick O'Mahony was born at Bandon, Country Cork, Ireland, on June 28, 1925. His father served in the British Merchant Navy in both World Wars. During his childhood, the family moved to England where O'Mahony lived until he was six. Fr. O'Mahony completed his education in Ireland, and began theological studies there. In 1946 he returned to England to study at Oscott College. Three years later he was ordained for the Birmingham Diocese. He then held a number of curacies in Birmingham parishes until his appointment in 1962 as priest of Shirley in Solihull, Warwickshire. There his work began in earnest, and included building the new church of Our Lady of the Wayside, which features remarkable work by sculptor Dame Elizabeth Frink (see Folders 2:32 and 2:42), such as the Risen Christ over the altar.

Throughout his life, Fr. O'Mahony worked to realize his vision of an integrated world in which pastoral care, the eucharist and social action were all parts of a whole; and the protection of "human rights any where was the concern of people everywhere..." (from article by Paul Oestreicher in "The Independent" December 31, 1991). Important accomplishments included his formation of the first church-based Amnesty International group; an annual donation by the parish of more than a quarter million pounds worth of medical supplies and disaster relief; and leadership in the Commission for International Justice and Peace and the Linacre Centre for the Study of the Ethics of Health Care, of which he was governor.

In addition to his many contributions to journals such as "The Clergy Review," "The Month," and "The Tablet," other publications by Fr. O'Mahony include "Catholics and Divorce" (1958); "The Fantasy of Human Rights" (1978); Multinationals and Human Rights" (1980); "Swordw and Ploughshares" (1986); and a doctoral thesis, "A Question of Life: Its Beginning and Transmission - A Moral Perspective of the New Genetics in the West, the U.S.S.R., Poland and East Germany," (1990). He received his doctorate from the University of Birmingham in 1988, at the age of 63.

Fr. O'Mahony died in Solihull on December 26, 1991.

Sources for these notes: obituary by Paul Oestreicher, chairman, British Section, Amnesty International, in "The Independent" (December 31, 1991); and obituary in the "Daily Telegraph" (January 2, 1992).

ACCESSION DATA: Provenance: Gift of Colette A. Ware, July 1996. Processed by Lisette C. Matano, October 1996. Status: Open Size: 2 boxes; 3 linear feet.

BULK DATES: 1970 - 1989
SPAN DATES: 1954 - 1992

EXTENT: 2 boxes


SERIES: 1. Investment Ethics

SERIES DESCRIPTION: Files/material concerning research by Father O'Mahony undertaken on behalf of the Archdiocese of Birmingham into ethical practices of companies in which the latter held shares.

SERIES: 2. Commission for International Justice and Peace

SERIES DESCRIPTION: Correspondence and material relating to the Commission for International Justice and Peace of which Patrick O'Mahony was a leading member.

SERIES: 3. Medical Ethics

SERIES DESCRIPTION: Material relating to work of Fr. Patrick O'Mahony on the subject of medical ethics, particularly relating to genetics, embryology and abortion. Much of the research he published in his book, "A Question of Life: Its Beginning and Transmission - A Moral Perspective of the New Genetics in the West, the USSR, Poland and East Germany," (1990).

SERIES: 4. Miscellaneous

SERIES DESCRIPTION: Miscellaneous correspondence, articles by Fr. O'Mahony, and printed material.

SERIES: 5. Addenda

SERIES DESCRIPTION: Items added September 1997.