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LAWRENCE GILMAN PAPERS

Comprising seven boxes, eleven linear feet of material, the Lawrence Gilman Papers consist of correspondence, manuscripts, and printed matter relating to the life and career of Lawrence Gilman (1878-1939). The grandnephew of Johns Hopkins' University's first president Daniel Coit Gilman, Lawrence Gilman was a noted music critic for the "New York Herald-Tribune," annotator of orchestral programs for the New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra and the Philadelphia Orchestra, and radio commentator for broadcasts of New York Philharmonic concerts. Materials of interest among these papers include drafts and printed versions of orchestral program notes written by Gilman; printed articles written by him; Gilman family correspondence and photographs; and correspondence related to his music career, including a small number of letters from notables such as Aaron Copland, Rudolph Ganz, Daniel Gregory Mason, Deems Taylor, Philip Hale, W. J. Henderson, Adolph Lewisohn, Bruno Zirato, and Quinto Maganini.

Most of the music related correspondence in the Gilman Papers dates between 1933 and 1936 and includes correspondence to Gilman from contacts in the music world and from fans across the United States. The outgoing letters preserved in this collection deal mostly with travel and family matters. Indeed, the Gilman papers contain a vast quantity of Gilman family correspondence, especially letters among Gilman's wife Elizabeth W. (Walter) Gilman, his daughter Betty (Gilman) Anderson, and his aunts Julia S. (Gilman) Bristol and Caroline T. Gilman. A handful of Lawrence Gilman manuscripts are also present, including a report on his European trip of musical observation (1924) and a typed manuscript "A Christmas Meditation." Unpublished, edited, and printed versions of orchestral program notes written by Gilman highlight the collection. His program notes dating 1930-37 pertain to a wide variety of major composers and conductors, and his writings offer valuable insights into their works. The Gilman Papers also contain printed articles and clippings of Gilman's appearances in periodicals, most notably "Harper's Weekly" and the "New York Herald-Tribune." Finally, this archive includes newspaper clippings regarding various composers maintained in a file by Gilman himself. Overall, the Lawrence Gilman Papers provide information on the career of a prominent music critic in particular and shed light on the state of music commentary in general during the 1930s.

The Lawrence Gilman Papers represent a valuable addition to the music collections of the Georgetown University Library, Special Collections Division. The Special Collections Division also owns a first edition book by Lawrence Gilman, "Music and the Cultivated Man" (New York: William Edwin Rudge, 1929). The book is number 225 out of a run of 750, and it is signed by Gilman himself. Gilman's papers complement those of Paul Hume, noted music critic for the "Washington Post", whose papers are also housed in the Georgetown Special Collections Division. The New York Historical Society Manuscript Department (Central Park West, New York, New York) holds another portion of Lawrence Gilman papers dating from 1933 to 1961. The papers of Gilman's granduncle Daniel Coit Gilman, the distinguished first president of Johns Hopkins University, are preserved at the Milton S. Eisenhower Library of Johns Hopkins University.

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH: Lawrence Gilman (1878-1939), member of the prominent Gilman family and respected music critic, was born on July 5, 1878, in Flushing, New York. He was the son of Arthur Coit Gilman and Bessie (Lawrence) Gilman.

After attending local public schools, Lawrence Gilman studied at Collins Street Classical School in Hartford, Connecticut. William M. Chase taught Gilman painting. Gilman then studied illustration at the Art Students' League.

Self taught in musical theory, composition, orchestration, organ, and piano, Lawrence Gilman began his career by joining the staff of the "New York Herald", where he worked from 1896 until 1898. He served as music critic for "Harper's Weekly" from 1901-13, advancing to the positions of assistant editor (1903-11) and managing editor (1911-13).

Lawrence Gilman married Elizabeth Wright Walter on August 1, 1904. They had one child, Elizabeth Lawrence Gilman. Betty, as they called her, was born in 1905, graduated from Smith College in 1927, and married Malcolm E. Anderson in 1936.

In 1913, Lawrence Gilman joined the editorial staff of "Harper's Magazine." He worked there until 1915. Gilman next was employed as a music, dramatic, and literary critic for "North American Review," where he worked from 1915 to 1923. He then succeeded Henry E. Krehbiel as a music critic for the "New York Herald-Tribune," a post in which he drew much attention and earned widespread recognition. Gilman wrote for the "Herald-Tribune" from 1923 until his death in 1939. Also, From 1921 until 1939, Gilman annotated program notes for both the New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra and the Philadelphia Orchestra. From 1933 to 1936, he acted as a radio commentator for broadcasts of New York Philharmonic concerts.

Lawrence Gilman was the author of a number of books. His writings include "Phases of Modern Music" (1904), "The Music of Tomorrow" (1906),"Stories of Symphonic Music" (1907), "A Guide to Strauss' 'Salome'" (1907), "A Guide to Debussy's 'Pelleas et Melisade" (1907), "Edward MacDowell: A Study" (1909), "Aspects of Modern Opera" (1908), "Nature in Music" (1914), "A Christmas Meditation" (1916), "Music and the Cultivated Man" (1929), "Wagner's Operas" (1937), and Toscanini and Great Music" (1938). In addition to his published writings, Gilman composed several musical works, including "A Dream of Death" (1903), "The Heart of a Woman" (1903), and "The Curlew" (1904).

Lawrence Gilman died on September 8, 1939, at the age of 61 at Picketts, Sugar Hill, Franconia, New Hampshire. In his roles as music critic, program annotator, and radio commentator, Gilman contributed in important ways to the field of musical criticism.

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GENEALOGICAL NOTE: The following abbreviated genealogy of the Gilman family is intended to help researchers identify family correspondents in the Lawrence Gilman Papers. This brief genealogy focuses on those Gilman family members whose correspondence and photographs are preserved in this particular collection. (Source: Daniel Coit Gilman Papers, MS 1, Ser XV, Milton S. Eisenhower Library, Johns Hopkins University)

(Gilman) Children of William C. Gilman (1795-1863) and Eliza (Coit) Gilman (1796-1868), married 1820:

Elizabeth Coit (1821-92), m. (1854) Rev. Joseph P. Thompson (d.1879);

Edward Whiting (1823-1900), m. (1850) Julia Silliman (1826-92);

Maria Perit (1824-1906);

Harriet Lothrop (1828-81), m. (1865) George W. Lane (d. 1883);

Daniel Coit (1831-1908), m.1 (1861) Mary Ketcham (d. 1869),

m.2 (1877) Elizabeth D. Woolsey (d. 1910);

William Charles (b. 1883?), m. Katharine Beecher Perkins (d. 1879);

Emily Serena (1835-1910);

Louisa (b. 1838), m. (1883) George W. Lane (d. 1883);

Caroline (1840-44).

__________

(Thompson) Son of Joseph P. and Elizabeth Coit (Gilman) Thompson:

William Gilman (b. 1856?), m. (1887) Harriet Pomeroy.

(Gilman) Children of Edward W. and Julia (Silliman) Gilman:

Caroline Trumbull (b. 1851);

Julia Silliman (b. 1854), m. (1903) Eugene S. Bristol (1843-1910);

Arhtur Coit (1855-1890), m. (1877) Bessie Lawrence (1858);

Mary Trumbull (1857-58);

Henry Kingsley (1861-1893);

Louisa (1868-1891).

(Gilman) Daughters of Daniel C. and Mary (Ketcham) Gilman:

Alice (b. 1863), m. (1894) Everett P. Wheeler;

Elizabeth (b. 1867).

(Gilman) Children of William and Katharine (Perkins) Gilman:

Mabel (1861-64);

Theodora (b. 1865, d. 1865);

Elizabeth Coit (1866-79);

George Houghton(?) (b. 1867), m. (1900) Charlotte Perkins Stetson;

Francis (b. 1870), m. (1904) Emily Wilson.

__________

(Gilman) Sons of Arthur C. and Bessie (Lawrence) Gilman:

Lawrence (1878-1939), m. (8/1/1904) Elizabeth Wright Walter;

Edward Coit (1879-1909);

Joseph (b. 1881).

__________

(Gilman) Daughter of Lawrence and Elizabeth (Walter) Gilman:

Elizabeth ("Betty") Lawrence Gilman (b. 1905), m. (1936) Malcolm E. Anderson.

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SYNOPSIS: The Lawrence Gilman Papers are arranged into thirteen (13) series as described below:

SERIES 1 - Lawrence Gilman Correspondence from Notables. Consists of correspondence (c.1900-37) to Lawrence Gilman from notables in the field of music. A small number of letters from composers Aaron Copland, Rudolph Ganz, Daniel Gregory Mason, and Deems Taylor; music critics Philip Hale and W. J. Henderson; conductor Joseph Stransky; and others are included. Arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent.

SERIES 2 - Lawrence Gilman Correspondence: Incoming. Contains letters (1900-37) to Lawrence Gilman from fans across America and individuals in the music business. The correspondence centers on Gilman's radio broadcasts and his program notes. Most letters are dated between 1933 and 1936. Arranged chronologically.

SERIES 3 - Lawrence Gilman Correspondence with Family. Contains letters, both outgoing and incoming, between Lawrence Gilman and members of his family, mostly regarding family news. Of particular interest are letters to and from Gilman's daughter Betty and his aunts Julia S. Bristol and Caroline T. Gilman. Letters from Gilman appear first, arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent. Letters to Gilman appear second, also arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent.

SERIES 4 - Lawrence Gilman Correspondence: Outgoing. Contains letters from Lawrence Gilman to various individuals, mostly regarding travel and musical matters. A few pieces of correspondence to Adolph Lewisohn are part of this series. Arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent.

SERIES 5 - Gilman Family Correspondence. Contains a large quantity of family correspondence. Letters among Julia S. Bristol, Caroline T. Gilman, and Elizabeth Gilman are most common. Of note are a few references to Daniel Coit Gilman. Arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent, the recipient in most cases.

SERIES 6 - Elizabeth W. Gilman Financial Records. Contains income tax records, estate records, account records, and check books of Elizabeth W. Gilman. Arranged chronologically.

SERIES 7 - Manuscripts Series. Contains a few manuscripts written by Lawrence Gilman, some he inscribed, and some family manuscripts. Notable are Gilman's typed manuscript "A Christmas Meditation" and autograph manuscript report concerning his 1924 European trip of musical observation. Lawrence Gilman manuscripts appear first in the series. Gilman family manuscripts appear second.

SERIES 8 - Articles by Lawrence Gilman. Contains articles written by Lawrence Gilman. Comprised mostly of printed newspaper clippings from "Harper's Weekly" and the "New York Herald-Tribune." Material from the "Herald-Tribune" appears first, and material from "Harper's Weekly" follows.

SERIES 9 - Orchestra Program Notes. Contains orchestra program notes dated 1930-37. Arranged in the original order created by Lawrence Gilman, who kept the documents in several letter books. Printed orchestra programs (1930-34) written by individuals other than Gilman are placed first in the series and arranged alphabetically by composer. Gilman made marginal notes in many of them. Program notes written by Gilman, preserved in autograph manuscript, typed manuscript, proof, and printed forms, are grouped second in the series. Gilman archived program notes he wrote into two groupings, one covering the years 1930-35 and the other spanning 1936-37 and then arranged them alphabetically by last name of composer. The program notes in this series deal with a wide scope of prominent composers worldwide.

SERIES 10 - Clippings File Maintained by Lawrence Gilman. Contains newspaper clippings and clippings from other printed material collected and filed by Lawrence Gilman. Arranged according to the original order in which Gilman maintained these documents in several letter books. Gilman grouped the clippings into five segments: 1931-32, 1933-34, 1934-35, 1935, and literary clippings. Within each segment, he arranged the clippings alphabetically by name or topic. The material is not directly related to Gilman, but rather reflects his interests. The clippings pertain mostly to music, composers, and conductors.

SERIES 11 - Printed Matter. Contains printed matter found among the papers of Lawrence Gilman. Printed matter relating directly to Lawrence Gilman, including numerous obituary clippings, appears first in this series. Materials not directly related to Gilman appear next in the series.

SERIES 12 - Photographs. Consists of 59 folders containing photographs. Lawrence Gilman photographs appear first in the series, arranged chronologically. Gilman is depicted in various childhood, family, and middle-age and older pictures. Photographs of individuals other than Gilman appear second in the series, arranged alphabetically by name. Betty Gilman and Elizabeth W. Gilman are pictured often.

SERIES 13 - Oversized Photos. Consists of 8 folders each containing one oversized photograph.

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ABBREVIATIONS:

AC - Autograph Card

ACS - Autograph Card Signed

AL - Autograph Letter

ALS - Autograph Letter Signed

AM - Autograph Manuscript

AMS - Autograph Manuscript Signed

MSS - Manuscript

TC - Typed Card

TEL - Telegram

TL - Typed Letter

TLS - Typed Letter Signed

TM - Typed Manuscript

TMS - Typed Manuscript Signed

ACCESSION DATA: Status: Open access. Provenance: Acquired January 1998, purchased from DeWolfe & Wood of Alfred, Maine. Processed by Scott S. Taylor, September 1998.

BULK DATES: 1901 - 1937
SPAN DATES: 1807 - 1948

EXTENT: 7 boxes, 11 l.f.

SERIES


SERIES: 1. Lawrence Gilman Correspondence from Notables


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 28 folders containing correspondence sent to Lawrence Gilman from notable music professionals. Includes correspondence from composers, conductors, music critics, and other notables in the field of music. Arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent.

SERIES: 2. Lawrence Gilman Correspondence: Incoming


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 58 folders containing incoming correspondence received by Lawrence Gilman between 1901 and 1937. The bulk of the letters date between 1933 and 1936. Correspondents include Gilman's fans across the United States and some of his contacts in the music profession. Topics of discussion include Gilman's radio broadcasts and orchestral program notes. Arranged chronologically.

SERIES: 3. Lawrence Gilman Correspondence with Family


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 21 folders containing correspondence between Lawrence Gilman and members of his family, mostly regarding family news. Of interest are letters between Gilman and his daughter Betty and his aunts Julia S. Bristol and Caroline T. Gilman. Letters from Lawrence Gilman to family members come first, arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent. Letters to Lawrence from family members come next, also arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent.

SERIES: 4. Lawrence Gilman Correspondence: Outgoing


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 17 folders containing correspondence sent by Lawrence Gilman to various individuals. Many of the letters pertain to travel or have some relation to the music profession. Arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent.

SERIES: 5. Gilman Family Correspondence


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 58 folders containing Gilman family correspondence. Most of the correspondence is among Julia S. Bristol, Caroline T. Gilman, and Elizabeth W. Gilman. Arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent (in most cases the recipient).

SERIES: 6. Elizabeth Gilman Financial Records


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 26 folders containing financial records of Elizabeth W. Gilman. Includes income tax records, account records, and check books, along with material regarding the estate of Lawrence Gilman. Dates between 1939 and 1948. Arranged chronologically.

SERIES: 7. Manuscripts Series


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 20 folders containing various manuscripts. Includes some short manuscripts written by Lawrence Gilman, family diaries, and other manuscripts. Lawrence Gilman manuscripts appear first in the series. Gilman family manuscripts appear second.

SERIES: 8. Articles by Lawrence Gilman


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 29 folders containing articles written by Lawrence Gilman. Includes newspaper clippings of articles he wrote for "Harper's Weekly" and for the "NewYork Herald-Tribune."

SERIES: 9. Orchestra Program Notes


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 54 folders containing orchestral program notes. Arranged in the original order designated by Lawrence Gilman, who kept the documents in several letter books. Printed program notes (dated 1930-34) written by various annotators and collected by Gilman appear first in the series. The non-Gilman program notes are arranged alphabetically by last name of composer. Gilman made some marginal notes on many of these programs written by others. Program notes written by Gilman himself appear second in this series, arranged alphabetically by last name of composer. The Gilman proram notes are grouped into two segments, one covering 1930-35 and the other spanning 1936-37. The program notes written by Gilman are preserved in various forms: autograph manuscipt, typed manuscript, proof, and printed.

SERIES: 10. Clippings File Maintained by Lawrence Gilman


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 75 folders comprising a clippings file maintained by Lawrence Gilman. Arranged in the original order created by Gilman, who kept the documents in several letter books. Gilman arranged the clippings first into chronological segments (1931-32, 1933-34, 1934-35, 1935, and literary clippings) and then alphabetically by name or topic. The material is almost exclusively non-Gilman related. It consists primarily of newspaper clippings. Most of the material is music related, and many articles deal with major composers or conductors.

SERIES: 11. Printed Matter


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 22 folders containing printed matter. Materials related to Lawrence Gilman, including obituaries, appear first. Materials not directly related to Gilman appear second.

SERIES: 12. Photographs


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 59 folders containing photographs. Lawrence Gilman photographs appear first, arranged chronologically. Other photographs, including Gilman family photos, appear second, arranged alphabetically by last name.

SERIES: 13. Oversized Photoraphs


SERIES DESCRIPTION: Consists of 8 folders, each containing 1 oversized photograph.

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