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NICHOLAS JOOST PAPERS

SCOPE NOTE:

The Nicholas T. Joost Papers are remarkable for the voluminous correspondence received by this respected editor, author, and educator, from many well-known writers and scholars. As editor of several literary journals such as Poetry magazine and Papers on Language and Literature, Dr. Joost corresponded with such literary luminaries as John Deedy, Babette Deutsch, George Dillon , Wallace Fowlie, Isabella Gardner, Alyse Gregory, Mary Hemingway, Laura Riding Jackson, Russell Kirk, John Logan, Robert Lowell, Marianne Moore, Henry Rago, Gilbert Seldes, and Karl Shapiro.

Of particular importance is the correspondence from those associated with the famous avant-garde literary journal of the 1920s, The Dial, about which Dr. Joost wrote several acclaimed books. Correspondents include Alyse Gregory, managing editor, 1924-1925; Marianne Moore, acting editor, from 1925-1927 and editor after 1927; Gilbert Seldes, managing editor 1920-1923; Scofield Thayer, founder and editor; and James Sibley Watson, cofounder and publisher. Other correspondents associated with The Dial include Ellen T Thayer, Scofield's cousin and assistant editor when she replaced Sophie Wittenburg in March 1925; and Marjorie Thayer Clary, former wife of Ernest Thayer, Scofield Thayer's uncle.

In addition to original correspondence the collection includes xerox and typescript copies of correspondence from Scofield Thayer to his mother Florence Thayer; from Thayer to T.S. Eliot; from Marianne Moore to Eliot;and from Ernest Hemingway to Alyse Gregory.

Another highlight of the collection is the enormous amount of information on The Dial magazine accumulated by Dr. Joost during the research and writing of his books on the magazine. This includes newsclippings and copies of articles about The Dial, as well as his own notes and manuscripts. Original typescripts for many of Dr. Joost's articles on The Dial are available in this collection. Typescripts for books include "Ernest Hemingway and the Little Magazines: the Paris Years" (Barre Publishers, 1968) and "Years of Transition: The Dial, 1912-1920" (Barre Publishers, 1967). A sizable part of the Manuscripts Series consists of material used by Dr. Joost and his coeditor, Alvin Sullivan to compile the bibliographical work on The Dial entitled: "The Dial: Two Author indexes." Included are six catalog card boxes of alphabetically arranged index cards showing authors and publication information. A detailed description of the arrangement of material in the collection is given in the Synopsis.

Note: Dates in parentheses immediately following names of authors have been taken from Contemporary Authors: Cumulative Index, volumes 1-128 (Gale research Inc., 1990). Also note that in the Index to this finding aid, Dr.Joost's books on The Dial are referenced by title; other writings are referenced under author names and cross-referenced by title.

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Nicholas Teynac Joost, Jr., was born May 28, 1916, in Jacksonville, Florida. He was the son of Nicholas Teynac Joost, a businessman, and of Margaret Wrigley. Dr. Joost received his early education at the Robert E.Lee High School in Jacksonville. He then earned a B.S.S. from Georgetown University in 1938, and an M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina in 1939 and 1947, respectively. During World War II, Dr. Joost served in the U.S. Army Air Forces, 1942-1945.

Dr. Joost began his academic teaching career as an instructor in English literature at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, 1947-1949. From 1949-1954, he was assistant professor at Loyola University, Chicago; from 1954-1958, he was associate professor at Assumption College, Worcester, Massachusetts; and from 1958 until his death in 1980, Dr. Joost was professor of English at the Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville. From 1960 until 1963 he was head of SIU's Humanities Division, which he organized.

In addition to his formal academic responsibilities, Dr. Joost acted for numerous other academic and literary associations. In 1954 he was an editorial consultant to the Bollingen Foundation; from 1963-1964 he was a Fullbright lecturer at the University of Nijmegen in the Netherlands. Dr.Joost was also the judge for the quarterly poetry contest of the hospitalized Veterans Writing Project (from 1954 until some time in the1960s); member of the board of commissioners of the Hayner District library, Alton, Illinois (1969-1980); and a member of the board of directors for the Lewis and Clark Library, Edwardsville, Illinois (1971),becoming president in 1973. Finally, Dr. Joost was also a member of the following organizations, for which he maintained files of information and correspondence available in this collection: the Modern Language association of America; American Studies Association, of which he was president 1965-1966 for the Mid continent branch; the Catholic Renascence society; the William Clark Society; St. Louis Westerners; and Delta Epsilon sigma, the bulletin of the National Catholic Honor Society, for which Dr.Joost served as national president from 1957-1958.

It was in 1956 that Dr. Joost began to write about The Dial. He was asked by Francis Henry Taylor to write a book about the magazine to accompany a major exhibition of artwork originally published by The Dial.Known as the Dial Collection, this artwork was housed at the Worcester Museum in Massachusetts. Taylor had just retired from the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and returned to direct the Worcester Museum.Preparations were halted in 1957 with Taylor's death; however the exhibition was opened under the new director, Daniel Catton Rich, in 1959.The book written by Dr. Joost (eventually published by the Southern Illinois University Press, 1963) was entitled, "The Dial in the Twenties." Its focus was on the period 1920 to 1929 when the magazine was edited by Scofield Thayer and James Sibley Watson, and was considered the most prominent avant-garde journal of the time. This book is the immediate predecessor to a second major work by Dr. Joost, entitled "Scofield Thayer and The Dial" (SIU Press, 1964). Other books on the subject comprise a prominent part of Dr. Joost's literary undertakings, they include: Years of transition: "The Dial" 1912-1920 (Barre Publishers, 1967); Ernest Hemingway and the Little Magazines: the Paris Years (Barre, 1968); D.H. Lawrence and"The Dial" (SIU Press, 1970); and "The Dial": Two Author Indexes (SIU Press, 1971) compiled with Alvin Sullivan.

Dr. Joost was also a member of the editorial staff for several prestigious literary journals including Poetry magazine (acting editor, 1953-1954); Papers on English Language and Literature, later called Papers on Language and Literature (editor, 1965-1973 ).

The recipient of numerous awards and honors, Dr. Joost has been presented with grants from the Bollingen Foundation (1958-1958) and the Chapelbrook Foundation (1970-1971); faculty awards from SIU (1960 and1972); service award from Delta Epsilon Sigma (1963); and the Chicago Book Clinic Award 1964, for Scofield Thayer and "The Dial ."

Dr. Joost died in his hometown of Jacksonville, Florida, on March 23, 1980. He is survived by his wife, Laura A. Reed and children, Anna, Mary Eliza and Nicholas.

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Bulk dates: 1950-1980 Span dates:1920-1980

Extent: 13.50 linear feet; 9 boxes

Provenance: Gift of Mrs. Laura A. Joost, December 1987.

Processed by Lisette C. Matano

Date: January 25, 1991.

SYNOPSIS

ABBREVIATIONS

AC Autograph card

ACS Autograph card signed

AL Autograph letter

ALS Autograph letter signed

AMs Autograph manuscript

MSS manuscript(s)

n.d. no date

NJ Nicholas Joost

PELL Papers on English Language and Literature

PLL Papers on Language and Literature

PRN printed version

SIU Southern Illinois University

TC Typed card

TCS Typed card signed

TL Typed letter

TL carbon Typed letter carbon copy

TLS Typed letter signed

TMs Typed manuscript

TmsS Typed manuscript signed

BULK DATES: 1950 - 1980
SPAN DATES: 1920 - 1980

EXTENT: 13.50 lf, 9 boxes

SERIES


SERIES: 1. Correspondence Series I: Individual


SERIES DESCRIPTION: (Box 1, Folders 1 - 66; Box 2, Folders 1 - 22; Box 3, Folders 1 - 28) This is part I of the Correspondence Series. Folders are arrangedalphabetically by individual surnames. Correspondence is primarily byfriends and associates of Dr. Joost's, many of whom are noteworthywriters and scholars. Individuals with lengthy correspondence have alsobeen filed in this category.

SERIES: 2. Correspondence Series II: Alphabetical


SERIES DESCRIPTION: (Box 3, Folders 29 - 46; Box 4, Folder 1) This is part II of the Correspondence Series. Arranged alphabetically bysurname, this general correspondence is from various friends and associatesof Nicholas Joost. Individuals writing less than four letters have beenfiled in this category. A file of unidentified individuals is included -letters where signees have used first names only.

SERIES: 3. Subject Files I: Academic Matters


SERIES DESCRIPTION: (Box 4, Folders 2 - 17) This is part I of the Subject Files Series. Files contain correspondenceand paperwork related to NJ's academic associations. Included is materialabout his academic sabbatical to the Netherlands as well as to hisvisit to Mexico. The bulk of the material concerns Dr. Joost's tenure atthe Southern Illinois University. Included here are also some of the courseoutlines and student paper outlines for Joost's SIU English courses.

SERIES: 4. Subject Files II: Associations (Miscellaneous)


SERIES DESCRIPTION: (Box 4, Folders 18 - 30) This is part II of the Subject Files Series. Files are arranged byassociation name. Material includes correspondence to Nicholas Joost fromart galleries, literary associations, as well as miscellaneous other clubsand societies.

SERIES: 5. Subject Files III: Periodicals


SERIES DESCRIPTION: (Box 4, Folders 31 - 39) This is part III of the Subject Files Series and consists of files onvarious literary periodicals/publications to which Dr. Joost contributedarticles and editorial assistance. This series includes files on the DeltaEpsilon Sigma bulletin, Poetry magazine, and Papers on Language andLiterature. Arrangement is alphabetical by title.

SERIES: 6. Subject Files IV: Publishers


SERIES DESCRIPTION: (Box 5, Folders 1 - 9) This is part IV of the Subject Files Series and consists of correspondence,contracts and miscellaneous paperwork relating to the publishers of Joost'sbooks. Arrangement is alphabetical by publisher name or company.

SERIES: 7. Manuscripts


SERIES DESCRIPTION: (Box 5, Folders 10 - 44; Box 6, Folders 1 - 40; Box 7, Folders 1-21) This series consists of all manuscripts, related correspondence,publication data and art work for Dr. Joost's books and articles.Arrangement is alphabetical by title.

SERIES: 8. Photographs, Newsclippings, Printed Matter


SERIES DESCRIPTION: (Box 7, Folders 22 - 36) This series consists of photographs, newsclippings and miscellaneous otherprinted matter collected by Dr. Joost relating to his research and writingson The Dial magazine. Newsclippings are mainly critical reviews ofDr. Joost's books on The Dial - arrangement is alphabetical by title.

SERIES: 9. Index Cards


SERIES DESCRIPTION: (Boxes 8 - 9) This series may be considered a subseries of the Manuscript Series. Itcontains alphabetized index cards with author and publication informationused to compile Dr. Joost's bibliographical work, written jointly withAlvin Sullivan, "The Dial: Two Author Indexes" (Southern IllinoisUniversity Press, 1971). Total: 6 card boxes. Sections A - M located in Box8; sections M - Z located in Box 9.

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