Diplomacy, International Affairs, & Intelligence

Foreign Affairs Oral History Program

Sponsored by the Association for Diplomatic Studies in cooperation with Georgetown University, the program's transcripts of interviews with retired senior American foreign affairs officials, both career and non-career, are made available to researchers in the Special Collections Division. As of early 1996 the program had completed some 650 transcripts, with about 50 added each year. The interviews generally cover an official's entire career, both in the United States and abroad. The time span covered ranges from the 1920s to the present, though interviews on experience after World War II are most numerous. A series of country "readers" have been made, excerpting from the interviews those portions which pertain to a particular country, both from service in that country and from the Washington perspective. These readers constitute an ongoing project and are updated regularly. Some 30 have been completed, including ones dealing with China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Israel, the Soviet Union, France, Nigeria, Colombia, and Chile. Typical of the people interviewed are Dr. Robert Bowie, head of policy planning in the Dulles period, and ambassadors Marshall Green, Douglas MacArthur II, and Samuel Lewis. The collection also includes interviews conducted by the United States Information Agency Alumni Association, the Foreign Agricultural Service, and the Foreign Service Family History Project, as well as interviews done by Ann Morin with almost all living women ambassadors. A new project has started concentrated on the work of officials of the Agency for International Development.

List of the first 500+ interviews
List of interviews as of April 1, 1996
Sample interview - Ambassador Bruce Laingen

Carroll Spence Papers

The papers derive largely from Spence's service as minister resident (1853-1856) and envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary (1856-1857) to the Sublime Porte, during which time he was instrumental, with Rev. William Goodell, in establishing the Protestant Bible Society in Constantinople. The collection includes letters from Louis Kossuth and Austen Henry Layard, among others.
1822-1888 * 1.75 linear feet

Byington Family Papers

The archive consists of the papers of A. Homer Byington, Civil War correspondent and U. S. consul in Naples (1897-1907), and those of his grandson, Homer M. Byington I, who served for 47 years in the foreign service, in the 1930s as Chief of Personnel. Included are letters from both men to family and friends (and a long series A. Homer wrote to E. C. Frisbie) as well as letters from poet Edmund C. Stedman and diplomats Wilbur J. Carr, William R. Castle, Jr., and James B. Stewart. Appropriately, there is also much about Connecticut, as the elder Byington had been a noted journalist and publisher in Norwalk.
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Lawrence E. Hinkle
1864-1966 * 1.50 linear feet

Richard Crane Papers

Papers, correspondence, and diaries of the first American ambassador to Czechoslovakia (1919-1921), providing insight into American attitudes towards the new nation. Prior to this appointment Crane served as private secretary to United States Secretary of State Robert Lansing (1915-1919). A large portion of the papers relates to Crane's ownership and operation of Westover, the former Byrd plantation in Virginia, and to his active involvement in local cultural and civic affairs. A substantial further donation of correspondence relating to the Russian 1917 Revolution, some from Crane's father, Charles, and photographic materials was made in 1990. Finding aid to additional accession also available.
Gift of Bruce Crane Fisher
1900-1938 * 40.25 linear feet

Cornelius Van H. Engert Papers

Letters, manuscripts, and related material document Engert's service in such posts as Kabul, Constantinople, Teheran, Havana, Santiago, Addis Ababa, and the Hague. There is extensive correspondence with a variety of authors, explorers, diplomats, and statesmen such as Gertrude Bell, Sir Reader Bullard, William J. Donovan, Cordell Hull, Allen W. Dulles (a long series), Sir Percy Loraine, Victor Mallet, and John G. Winant. The collection also includes material relating to Engert's career after 1945, as well as to Sir Aurel Stein and Dorothy Thompson (the latter in connection with the Arab-Israeli struggle for Palestine and her cooperation with Engert in founding the American Friends of the Middle East). Supplementing the papers are a large number of photographs providing in part a valuable record of Engert's time as the first American ambassador in Afghanistan.
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Roderick M. Engert
1896-1980 * 24.00 linear feet

Hamilton King Papers

Papers of the American minister to Siam from 1898 to 1912, which include a good deal of correspondence relating to diplomatic matters. An important supplement is the lengthy series of diaries kept by King's wife, 1898-1915, which provide a detailed view of diplomatic life in Siam at the time.
Gift of Cora Lee King Rose and Anne Lee Stewart
1898-1915 * 10.25 linear feet

Robert F. Kelley Papers

Reports, correspondence, and related materials touching largely on Kelley's service as chief of the Division of Eastern European Affairs, Department of State (1926-1937) and on his role in the founding and early years of Radio Liberty. Of principal interest are papers bearing on American-Russian relations in the years leading up to American recognition of the Soviet government in 1933.
Gift of the estate of Robert F. Kelley
1922-1972 * 7.50 linear feet

Jon S. Lodeesen Papers

The papers fully document Lodeesen's careers as a foreign service officer and as a senior administrator with Radio Liberty, first as Director of the Russian Service and later as Director of Research and Policy. Materials cover most aspects of the radio's operation, including policy, programming, and Soviet audience response, and there are also interesting research files for a proposed history of Radio Liberty.
Gift of Mrs. Lodeesen
1968-1992 * 16.50 linear feet

Garret G. Ackerson, Jr., Papers

The collection consists primarily of letters from Ackerson to his parents and other family members. The letters offer considerable information on current affairs in Ackerson's various stations, the most important being the lengthy series written from Budapest in the years immediately leading up to World War II.
Gift of Edmund E. Ackerson, Garret G. Ackerson III, and Rhoda Weyr
1923-1976 * 4.50 linear feet

Jack K. McFall Papers

The papers consist of manuscripts of McFall's writings and speeches, correspondence (largely relating to his various career appointments and as ambassador to Finland in 1952-1955), subject files, and a large collection of signed photographs. Of particular interest are the files relating to his service as U. S. Naval Observer in Sierra Leone, 1942-1943.
Gift of William O. Boswell
1925-1990 * 3.25 linear feet

Thomas Murray Wilson Papers

The Wilson Papers are made up of two distinct units. The first consists of a series of illustrated typescript diaries documenting Wilson's services as Consul General in Australia, 1937-1941, and later as American commissioner to India and minister to Iraq. The other part of the collection is made up of some 3,500 photographic prints and negatives that demonstrate Wilson's development as an excellent amateur photographer and record his travels in Asia, Africa,
and Europe, as well as in those countries in which he was stationed.
Gift (photographs) of Frederick B. Scheetz
ca. 1899-1942 * 5.00 linear feet

Cecil B. Lyon Papers

The papers amply document Lyon's 37-year career in the Foreign Service, from his initial posting to Havana in 1930 to his ambassadorships to Chile (1956-1958) and Ceylon (1964-1968) and as minister and deputy chief of mission in Paris (1958-1964). The more than 3,500 incoming letters include items from a host of both American and foreign notables. Special notice should be made of correspondences with Dean Acheson, Norman Armour, Claude G. Bowers, Allen W. Dulles, John Foster Dulles, Joseph C. Grew (Lyon's father-in-law), and Henry Cabot Lodge.
Gift of Ambassador Lyon
1930-1971 * 29.25 linear feet

J. Graham Parsons Papers

The papers comprise personal and professional correspondence files, memoranda, and photographs accumulated by Ambassador Parsons during his long career in the Foreign Service. Of note are files from his tenure as ambassador to Laos (1956-1958), his appointment as ambassador to Sweden (1961-1967), and his work as deputy American representative at the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (1970-1972). Before joining the Foreign Service he served for four years (1932-1936) as private secretary to Joseph C. Grew, then American ambassador to Japan. Among his correspondents are Grew, Dean Acheson, James C. H. Bonbright, John Glenn, Myron C. Taylor, and a number of American presidents.
Gift of Margaret M. Brown and Jane I. Lyons
1932-1991 * 19.00 linear feet

George C. McGhee Papers

Papers of the former U.S. ambassador to Turkey (1951-1953) and West Germany (1963-1968) include files relating to both ambassadorships, as well as materials documenting McGhee's role in a number of important official and informal posts, among which are the Combined Raw Materials Board (during World War II), the Bilderberg Group, the Draper Committee, the Business Council for International Development, and the Committee for Economic Development. Ambassador McGhee's substantial library of books on Turkey and the Ottoman Empire is described separately under European History.
Gift of Ambassador McGhee
1942-1976 * 101.50 linear feet

Edwin W. Martin Papers

Ambassador Martin's papers document his career from his entry in the Foreign Service in 1941 to his ambassadorship to Burma (1971-1973). Of particular interest is a typewritten diary giving details of his adventures in China from 1947 to 1949, when he travelled over large portions of the country trying to assist American citizens during the Communist Chinese takeover.
Gift of Emma-Rose Martin
1931-1991 * 6.50 linear feet

Samuel D. Berger Papers

The papers document Berger's extensive foreign service career, from his appointment as part of the Lend-Lease Mission to Great Britain in 1942 to service in New Zealand, as Ambassador to South Korea (1961-1964), and Deputy Ambassador to South Vietnam (1968-1972). Also included are a number of Berger's writings on aspects of American labor unions.
Gift of Elizabeth L. Berger
1937-1979 * 2.00 linear feet

August Velletri Papers

Of principal interest are materials received and collected during Velletri's term (1955-1960) as political officer at the American embassy in Rome. These are supplemented by a number of letters from Archbishop Igino Cardinale, chief of protocol to the secretary of state of the Vatican.
Gift of Mr. Velletri
1943-1967 * 3.00 linear feet

Joseph John Jova Papers

The papers of Ambassador Jova document various aspects of relations between the United States and Central American nations. Included are materials documenting his service as Deputy Chief of Mission in Chile (1961-1965) and ambassadorships to Honduras (1965-1969), the Organization of American States (1969-1974), and Mexico (1974-1977).
Gift of Ambassador Jova
1945-1988 * 19.50 linear feet

David M. Abshire Papers

The Abshire Papers contain significant materials relating primarily to his service with the State Department in the 1970s, with the Murphy Commission (Commission for Organization of Government for Conduct of Foreign Policy), and to the history and operations of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1974-1983, then connected with Georgetown University. (Restricted.)
Gift of Ambassador Abshire
1962-1983 * 27.00 linear feet

Lev Dobriansky Papers

A collection of correspondence and related materials, in large measure dealing with Dobriansky's activities in Republican politics, in support of Ukrainian interests, and most especially as American ambassador to The Bahamas (1982-1986). Correspondents to Dobriansky include presidents Eisenhower, Nixon, Ford, and Reagan, numerous congressional and diplomatic figures, and Sir Lynden Pindling, former prime minister of the Bahamas.
Gift of Ambassador Dobriansky
1953-1986 * 5.50 linear feet

Jeane J. Kirkpatrick Papers

The Kirkpatrick Papers include a wide range of material from mail logs and official correspondence to awards, citations, and plaques reflecting Dr. Kirkpatrick's service as ambassador to the United Nations. (Restricted.)
Deposited by Ambassador Kirkpatrick
ca. 1984-1985 * ca. 30.00 linear feet

William A. Wilson Papers

The bulk of the papers deal with Wilson's tenure as special representative (1981-1984) and ambassador (1984-1986) to the Vatican, the first American ambassador there since Reconstruction. Among the correspondents should be noted the Earl de la Warr, Archbishop Pio Laghi, Prince Edouard de Lobkowicz, Archbishop Paul Marcinkus, and Ronald Reagan, who appointed Wilson to the post.
Gift of Ambassador Wilson
1980-1992 * 6.50 linear feet

Winifred S. Weislogel Papers

The Winifred S. Weislogel Papers consist of letters sent by Winifred S. Weislogel to her parents, Catherine and George Weislogel, during her career in the U. S. foreign service. Weislogel served from August 1957 until November 1983. Weislogel's letters provide a glimpse into the life of a career foreign service official. She writes about her various posts, professional contacts, personal acquaintances, social engagements, and the political conditions and social customs of the nations in which she served. During her tenure, Weislogel spent time in Geneva, Switzerland; Tripoli and Benghazi, Libya; Tangier and Rabat, Morocco; and Lome, Togo. Her lengthy letters to her parents from each of these cities represent a valuable source of information and an intriguing slice of diplomatic history.
1957-1978 * 0.50 linear feet

University Publications of America Collection

As a major publisher of government records in microform, University Publications has made available to scholars a wide variety of records of American diplomats, including State Department central files on Formosa, Saudi Arabia, and Iran; confidential United States diplomatic post records on the Middle East and Cuba; and the diplomatic papers of John Moore Cabot. Through the generosity of the founder and former president of University Publications, Georgetown received more than 5,000 rolls of microfilm and microfiche sheets, the content of many of them of great significance for the student of American diplomacy.
Gift of John A. Moscato

Other Diplomatic Holdings

Of particular interest are three groups of diplomatic records which form parts of collections described under American History:

The following separate collections, while for the most part relatively small in size, also offer pertinent materials:


James Brown Scott Papers

Extensive correspondence, manuscripts, and other personal papers documenting Scott's various activities as solicitor and special advisor to the State Department; his roles at the Second Hague Conference, the Paris Peace Conference, and other international conferences; his work as secretary of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; and his continuing research interests as a historian and lecturer in the field of international law and as a proponent of women's rights.
Gift of Eleanor H. Finch and Alice Morrissey McDiarmid
1906-1946 * 38.50 linear feet

Edwin Emerson Papers

Lengthy and largely unpublished memoirs of the freelance writer and journalist who "covered" the Spanish-American War, the Russo-Japanese War, and World War I--the latter, in part, from the German side of the front lines, supplemented by an extensive series of letters from Emerson to Ames W. Williams.
Gift of Edith S. and John S. Mayfield
1898-1952 * 4.50 linear feet

Dino Grandi Papers

Microfilm of the first two series of the papers of the former Italian minister of foreign affairs, minister of justice, and ambassador to Great Britain. The first series includes all of Grandi's papers concerning the United States; the second series contains very copious selections from Grandi's "diario" for 1929-1932, the period of his first tenure as minister of foreign affairs. Through an arrangement with the holder of the copyright, Georgetown holds the negatives of the Grandi films. Positive copies of these films may be ordered from the Georgetown University Library.
1925-1937 * 22 reels

Heinrich Kronstein Papers

The papers are a rich source for any study of German-American relations in the twentieth century and especially in questions concerning political economy. They document the American years of the German-born lawyer and professor who worked for the Justice Department during World War II as an expert on German cartel law. Later he was involved in postwar planning, and there is much about West German economic reconstruction in his correspondence with cartel experts Franz Bohm and Paul Josten. Other correspondents include former German chancellor Ludwig Erhard, banker Herman Abs, and diplomat George Ball.
Gift of Mrs. Kronstein and Werner Kronstein
ca. 1936-72 * 46.50 linear feet

James D. Mooney Papers

Although the papers document Mooney's contributions to the development of corporate management thinking and organization through his presidencies of General Motors Export Company and Willys-Overland, the most important segment concerns his informal diplomatic contacts in 1939-1940 with Adolf Hitler and the German government on behalf of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Mooney's unpublished Letters in Peace and War describe these contacts. Besides manuscripts, speeches, articles, and decorations, there is a long series of letters from Mooney to his wife, Ida MacDonald Mooney, dated from 1928 to 1945.
Gift of Michael M. Mooney and of the estate of Ida M. Mooney
1924-1955 * 12.00 linear feet

Laurence D. Egbert Papers

The papers relate principally to Colonel Egbert's service as a military liaison officer in Rouen (1943-1944) and as a member of the executive staff of the American chief counsel at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials. The latter records include personal histories, data, and various signed statements by many of the principal defendants at the trials, including Hermann Goering, Hjalmar Schacht, and Joachim von Ribbentrop.
Gift of Evelyn Egbert
1943-1946 * 8.50 linear feet

United Nations Charter Collection

Two sets of the original printing of the Charter and Interim Arrangements, one being one of only twenty-eight sets bound in cloth (of 351 printed on "treaty paper"). With these are a number of related documents and pamphlets and three folders of notes on printing and binding runs for the Charter kept by Dr. Edna R. Fluegel, a special assistant to the advisers to the executive secretary at the San Francisco conference, 1945.
Gift of Mary A. Semel

Ernest A. Keller Papers

Correspondence, related files, and statistical summaries documenting Keller's work as acting director of the Far East Regional Publishing Center (1952-1954), where he oversaw publication of USIA materials, and as head of the Far Eastern and Latin American branches in the International Press Division of USIA, where he was in charge of publishing propaganda in the form of comic books. A file of these comics is included in the collection. Among Keller's correspondents are John Erskine, Chesley Bonestell, and Marion Davies.
Gift of Mrs. Ernest A. Keller
ca. 1944-1962 * 2.00 linear feet

Samuel W. Anderson Papers

Anderson's papers include correspondence covering his period of public service (spent in part as assistant secretary of commerce for economic affairs, 1953- 1955), official documents, and a few of his early articles. The greater part of the collection, however, consists of reports on various aspects of the European Common Market and the concept of a free trade zone (1959).
Gift of Mrs. Samuel W. Anderson
1922-1959 * 0.75 linear foot

Archives of the American Committee on United Europe

Correspondence, internal documents, publications, and other materials relating to the formation and mission of the committee, established in 1949 to promote public discussion and understanding of the issues and opportunities of European national integration. Disbanded in 1960, the organization's chairman was William J. Donovan, and the archives include much material about him.
Gift of J. Allan Hovey, Jr.
1948-1960 * 3.00 linear feet

Fitzhugh Green Papers

The papers document Green's long tenures with the United States Information Agency, especially in the Congo in the early 1960s, and, later, with the Environmental Protection Agency, as well as his involvement with a host of other organizations both professional and personal. Among the major correspondents may be listed John H. Chafee, Anthony Drexel Duke, Julian Green, Francis L. Kellogg, Richard Nixon, Claiborne Pell, and William Ruckelshaus.
Gift of Mr. Green
1902-1990 * 9.50 linear feet

Chauncey Brewster Chapman Papers

Correspondence and reading files relating to Chapman's service in the Department of the Interior, and especially as assistant solicitor for territories overseas (1969-1980), with considerable material about American Samoa, Guam, the Virgin Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
Gift of Mrs. Chauncey Brewster Chapman
1959-1980 * 10.50 linear feet

Daniel James Papers

The collection comprises the extensive research files of historian Daniel James on Che Guevara, the Mexican Communist Party (PCM), and in general on Latin American and Caribbean poliitical affairs during the period 1960-1985.
Gift and bequest of Mr. James
ca. 1960-1985 * ca. 30 linear feet

Archives of the Carlucci Commission on Security and Economic Assistance

Papers of the commission, created in February, 1983, by Secretary of State George P. Shultz, including membership correspondence files, opinion papers generated or solicited by the commission, minutes of commission meetings and public hearings, and drafts of its final report (November, 1983). In large part, photocopies.
Gift of the Commission
1983-1984 * 10.50 linear feet

Archives of the Society for Historians of Foreign Relations

Founding documents, correspondence, reports, and publications of the society relating to its meetings, membership, and activities. Georgetown acts as the ongoing official archival agency for the society's non-current records.
Deposited by the Society
1967-1974 * 3.75 linear feet

Other International Affairs Holdings

Relevant isolated documents or small groups of documents form part of a number of collections, but the following stand out:


Description de l'Egypte

Napoleon Bonaparte's invasion of Egypt in 1798 led directly to the first modern archaeological survey of that or any other country's antiquities. The mammoth Description de l'Egypte (30 volumes, 1809-1828) offers in text and plates the first European appreciations of both ancient and modern Egypt as well as its natural history. The Georgetown set was presented on publication to Bernard Drovetti, an aide-de-camp to Murat during the expedition and later Consul General in Egypt.
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Grima Johnson

William E. Mulligan Papers

The Mulligan Papers document in great detail his work in Saudi Arabia for Aramco during the period from 1946 to 1978. He held a variety of positions with the company in its Government Relations and Arabian Affairs departments, and during his early years he worked extensively with the Arabist George Rentz, some of whose typescripts are present in the collection, as are some by H. St. John B. Philby. Other correspondents include Thomas C. Barger, Dame Violet Dickson, David S. Dodge, and Parker T. Hart.
Includes numerous photographs.
Gift of Shirley Mulligan
1930-1993 * 29.00 linear feet

Joseph A. Mahon Papers

A senior Aramco executive, Mahon was involved for many years with planning and management, engineering, and construction. The collection includes critical reports, minutes, planning guides, assessments, long-range studies, and organizational charts, together with an oral history interview concerning his career.
Gift of Mr. Mahon through the auspices of the Aramco History Project.
1957-1995 * 0.75 linear foot

John A. DeNovo Papers

Author of American Interests and Policies in the Middle East, 1900-1939, DeNovo assembled an archive consisting primarily of research materials for a proposed second volume to cover the years 1939-1950. There are extensive research notes and correspondence about the role of Harold Ickes in the development of oil policy and Arabia as well as on the Middle East origins of the Cold War.
Gift of Mr. DeNovo
ca. 1940-1975 * 16.50 linear feet

Other Middle East Holdings

Four smaller collections offer insight into various aspects of the American presence in the Middle East:


Endicott Panama Collection

The basis of this collection is the several score of rare volumes about Panama, the Isthmus, and the Canal from the library of naval engineer Rear Admiral Mordecai Endicott, a member of the Nicaragua Canal Commission (1895) and the Panama Canal Commission (1905-1907), including a copy of Lionel Wafer's A New Voyage and Description of the Isthmus of America (1699). To Endicott's core collection the library adds other volumes of Panama or interoceanic canal interest as they are acquired in the course of developing a comprehensive collection of early printed materials relating to the development of a viable Isthmian canal.
Gift of Frederick B. Scheetz and Nicholas B. Scheetz

Stephens-Chauncey Collection

The collection consists of 15 remarkable autograph letters from John L. Stephens, Isthmian explorer and entrepreneur, to Henry Chauncey, his friend and partner in the Panama Railroad Company; one letter from Stephens to W. H. Aspinwall, also connected with the railroad; and one letter from General Pedro Alcantara Herrán, minister from New Granada in Washington, to Stephens.
Gift of Henry Chauncey
1848-1851 * 0.25 linear foot

Tomás Herrán Papers

Correspondence, letter books, and other items relating to Herrán's diplomatic efforts on behalf of Colombia culminating in the abortive Hay-Herrán Treaty of 1903, which would have provided for American construction of an interoceanic canal through Panama, then part of Colombia.
Gift of Laura E. de Herrán
1901-1904 * 2.50 linear feet

Edward A. Drake Papers

Drake, originally a New York banker, was between 1888 and 1907 intimately involved with the operation of the Panama Railway Company. The collection comprises primarily correspondence to Drake from officials of the railroad as well as from Panamanian ministers and politicians.
1852-1981 * 0.75 linear foot

Earl Harding Papers

The papers encompass in large measure the bulk of background and investigative files developed by Harding while on assignment in Panama. They concern especially the revolution in Panama in 1903; American involvement in the Canal Zone; and the libel suit brought by Theodore Roosevelt against Joseph Pulitzer and the editors of The World (New York).
Gift of Mr. Harding
1903-1910 * 6.00 linear feet

T. B. Miskimon Collection

The Miskimon Collection consists of copies of letters and reports submitted by Miskimon, an inspector with the chairman's office, Panama Canal Zone, to Col. George W. Goethals, chairman and chief engineer of the Panama Canal construction project. The Miskimon correspondence includes enlightening, as well as sometimes entertaining, information concerning the daily life of both American and foreign Canal Commission employees, covering such subjects as professional baseball player-employees, domestic disputes, illicit business enterprises, and recalcitrant canal workers.
1907-1910 * 0.50 linear foot

Alfaro Family Papers

Dr. Ricardo Joaquin Alfaro (1882-1971), celebrated lawyer, diplomat, and statesman, served as Panama's ambassador to the United States (1922-1930, 1933-1936) and as president of Panama (1931-1932). The archive includes manuscripts, photographs, and articles by and about his life and writings as well as a long series of letters written to his daughter Yolanda.
Gift of Mrs. H. Cabell Maddux, Jr. and, in part, Mrs. Frank H. Weller
1889-1992 * 4.00 linear feet

A. W. French Collection

The French Collection consists of 13 scrapbooks and an album of photographs assembled by Archie Wright French, who worked on the construction of the canal in a clerical capacity from 1905 onwards, and who apparently stayed in the Canal Zone until 1945. Particular interests included the San Blas and other native Panamanian tribes and the history of the Panama Canal project.
Gift of the Chicago Public Library
1904-1945 * 2.00 linear feet

John F. Stevens Papers

John F. Stevens, explorer, railroad executive, and civil engineer, was among those most responsible for building the Panama Canal. His successor, George W. Goethals, called the Canal "his greatest monument." The collection includes maps, correspondence, drawings, photographs, diaries, and an unpublished biography. It is especially rich in regard to Stevens' work on American railways, Russian and Chinese railways (1917-1923), and the Mississippi River Flood Control Project.
Gift of Donald H. Stevens and Virginia Hawks
1850-1980 * 16.00 linear feet

Panama Canal Subcommittee Papers

Official records of the Panama Canal Subcommittee, Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, U. S. House of Representatives. The papers include a great deal of material relating to the Panama Canal Treaty that transferred authority over the Canal from the United States to Panama.
Gift of the Subcommittee
1963-1980 * 66.00 linear feet

Miles P. DuVal, Jr., Papers

The papers, including voluminous correspondence with political and military figures, document Captain DuVal's long involvement with the history, operations, and future of the Panama Canal, from his authorship of Cadiz to Cathay (1940) and And the Mountains Will Move (1947) through his distinguished service in the United States Navy at the Canal to his later research and lobbying activities regarding ongoing American Canal policy.
Gift of Captain DuVal
1938-1980 * 60.00 linear feet

Other Panama Collections

The library holds a number of smaller collections that relate more or less directly to various aspects of the Canal's history and operation, as below:


Russell J. Bowen Collection

Among the modern treasures of the library is the remarkable collection of books on the subjects of intelligence, spying, covert activities, and related fields assembled by Col. Russell J. Bowen. The collection numbers more than 14,000 titles, including works on cryptography, signals intelligence, tradecraft of all kinds, and the application of modern technology to intelligence gathering. Approximately 5,300 titles are listed in the now out of date printed bibliography of the collection as it then existed, Scholars' Guide to Intelligence Literature (1983), with subject and title indices. Approximately 11,000 titles are more fully indexed in The Electronic Database of the Russell J. Bowen Collection published in 1991 by the National Intelligence Book Center and recently updated.
Gift of Colonel Bowen

The Bowen Spy Fiction Collection

The Bowen Collection is supplemented by a separately-maintained collection of more than 3,500 titles in the spy fiction genre. Largely English language in content, it includes such rarities as The Algerine Spy (Philadelphia, 1787). Its main value, however, lies in documenting the post-James Bond Anglo-American taste for espionage thrillers, although it includes a large number of earlier works and extends as well to encompass parodies and exploitational take-offs.
Gift of Colonel Bowen

Anthony Cave Brown Papers

The papers include correspondence, photographs, manuscripts, drafts of books, and extensive research files used by Brown in writing Bodyguard of Lies (1975), The Last Hero: Wild Bill Donovan (1982), and Treason in the Blood (1994). It contains important material by or about a number of figures noted in spylore: Kim Philby, H. St. John B. Philby, and William J. Donovan stand out. (Restricted.)
Gift of Mr. Brown
ca. 1940-1995 * 84.75 linear feet

Martin S. Quigley Papers

The papers consist of letters written by Quigley while working for the OSS in Great Britain, Ireland, and Italy during World WarII, as well as copies of OSS files retrieved under the Freedom of Information Act and supporting files leading to the publication of Quigley's Peace Without Hiroshima (1990).
Gift of Mr. Quigley
1937-1991 * 6.00 linear feet

Martin F. Herz Papers

The papers include a broad cross-section of printed leaflets used in propaganda warfare in the front lines during World War II and the Vietnam War, together with a series of unpublished reports on aspects of psychological warfare and intelligence deriving from Herz's military career in these fields.
Gift of Elizabeth K. Herz
ca. 1942-1976 * 9.00 linear feet

Otto E. Guthe Papers

The Guthe Papers consist primarily of correspondence and articles relating in one way or another to the field of geography. Guthe served with the State Department and the Central Intelligence Agency, where he began as Chief of Geographic Research. Among items of special interest are letters and papers relating to the use of remote sensing and satellite photography in modern geographic research.
Gift of Katherine S. Guthe
1906-1983 * 3.00 linear feet

Leonard S. Wilson Collection

The Wilson Collection provides an in-depth look at the state of American geographic intelligence during and just after World War II, especially as revealed by a long series of joint army-navy intelligence studies. The collection also documents Wilson's cartographic work with the OSS in London in 1944 and contains a smaller number of related items dating up to 1960.
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. James May
ca. 1944-1960 * 12.00 linear feet

Other Intelligence Collections

Five smaller groups of books and manuscripts offer material of potential interest:

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