THE PAPERS OF ALFRED EARLE, BISHOP OF MARLBOROUGH

The papers of Rt. Rev. Alfred Earle (1827-1918), consist of correspondence, manuscripts, documents, photographs and related printed ephemera, regarding Earle's remarkable career. The papers include material from his early days as a student in Oxford, to his appointments first as Bishop of Marlborough ( 1888-1900) and later as Dean of Exeter (1900-1918). The collection comprises 1.5 linear feet of material, and it is organized chronologically in three boxes with a total of thirty-six folders.

Alfred Earle was the son of the distinguished surgeon, Henry Earle ( 1789-1838; for a full account of his career see The Dictionary of National Biography), who was himself the third son of a famous surgeon, Sir James Earle (1755-1817, see DNB). Alfred Earle's remarkable career began when he was ordained in 1858, after attending Eton and Hertford College in Oxford. He held several posts throughout the years, including the rectory of Monkton-Fareigh, Wilts (1863-1865), the vicariates of West Alvington, South Huish, South Milton, Marlborough and Devon (1865-1887). In addition he was rural Dean and Archdeacon of Totnes (1872-1887), Canon Residentiary of Exeter Cathedral (1886-1888), Rector of St. Michael's, Cornhill (1888-1895) Rector of St. Boltoph's Bishopsgate and Prebendary of St. Paul Cathedral (1896-1900). In 1888 he was appointed by Queen Victoria Bishop of Marlborough, suffragan Bishop of West and North West London. Finally, in 1900 he became Dean of Exeter, and served there until his death in December 1918.

The Alfred Earle papers comprise materials dating from the 1840's to the 1920's. The earliest papers in the collection deal with the estate of Henry Earle, and with the first executor of that estate, Henry's brother, Rev. James Henry Earle. After the death of James Henry Earle, Alfred Earle became the executor of his father's estate. Most of the material regarding the estate consist of correspondence and financial records dealing with the leasing of properties. There are numerous references to the houses at 27 and 28 George Street, where Henry Earle had conducted his private practice. Also, there is considerable correspondence regarding the leasing of Earle`s Albermarle house, with pertinent letters by Sir Arthur Heywood, Sir Philip Edgerton and George Byng (1830-1898), third Earl of Strafford and a noted politician. In addition, there are letters from J. P. Earle, a nephew of Henry Earle, and John Singleton Copley (1772-1863), son of the painter, first Baron Lyndhurst, and three times Lord Chancellor of England.

The papers are rich in letters from the Earle family. There is much correspondence from relatives of Frances Anne Ilbert (1832-1911), Alfred's wife since 1866. She was the daughter of William Roope Ilbert of Bowringsleigh (1805-?). There are several letters from her brothers William Roope Ilbert (1833-1902) and Sommerville Peter Ilbert (1845-1901) as well as her children William Henry Earle (1868-1889) and Lt. Colonel Francis Alfred Earle (1869-?), who later became Francis Alfred Ilbert, and inherited the Bowringsleigh estate (see The Landed Gentry, for a full account of the Ilbert family line.) There are letters from solicitor, and Alfred's son-in-law, Edward A. Manisty, and from Manisty's partner, Robert Pollock. In addition there are a number letters of condolences on the death of Alfred's mother in 1862.

The papers also contain much material relating to Alfred's rectorship of St. Botolph's Without Bishopsgate (1895-1900) and the deanery of Exeter Cathedral (1900-1918). Much of the correspondence is devoted to financial accounts, detailed business correspondence, discussions over the state of Alfred's living quarters, and ecclesiastical dilapidations. Throughout the

collection, there are letters and documents signed by noted figures such as A.F.W. Ingram, Bishop of London, Lord William Gascoyne-Cecil, Bishop of Exeter, Mandell Creighton, Bishop of London, George Wyndham Kenion, Bishop of Bath and Wells, Joseph Parker and Sir Owen Roberts. Finally, the collection possesses fifteen photographs, two albumen prints, and a drawing of Lady Earle with a child.

The Alfred Earle papers provide a wealth of information about the Earle family and the related Ilbert family, and are a rich source for the study of Victorian Ecclesiastical history and British culture.




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Extent: 1.5 Linear feet
Provenance: Elizabeth von Doemming, 1986.
Date span: 1840-1920
Processed By: Myriam Alvarez-Marshall
Date: August 17, 1987


FOLDER LISTING

Box 1 Folder 1
Henry Earle Estate - 1840's
Date span: 15 Mar 1844 - 7 Dec 1849
Description: Correspondence and documents regarding the estate of the late Henry Earle (1789-1838) whith his brother Rev. James Henry Earle was executor. Letters from J.P. Earle, Louise Earle and James Henry Earle.


Box 1 Folder 2
Henry Earle Estate - 1850's
Date span: 31 Jan 1851 - 28 Nov 1860
Description: Letters, documents and receipts regarding the administration of the properties left by Henry Earle. Letters to and from Alfred Earle, Louise Earle, and James Henry Earle.


Box 1 Folder 3
Henry Earle Estate - Financial Records
Date span: 1850 - 1856
Description: Accounting book and check stubs.


Box 1 Folder 4
Henry Earle Estate - Receipts
Date span: 1830 - 1854
Description: Numerous receipts from a variety of financial transactions regarding the Henry Earle estate. Depending on the dates, the receipts are addressed to either Henry Earle, James Henry Earle, or Alfred Earle.


Box 1 Folder 5
James Henry Earle's Estate - Receipts
Date span: 1854 - 1856
Description: Numerous receipts from Rev. James Henry Earle creditors, sent to his executor, Alfred Earle, after his death.


Box 1 Folder 6
Correspondence 1862
Date span: Oct 1862
Description: Sympathy letters from family and friends to Alfred Earle on the occasion of the death of his mother.
Includes the following items:
ALS from James Frazer, Bishop of Manchester, to AE
13 Nov 1862


Box 1 Folder 7
Correspondence - 1863
Date span: 8 Feb 1863 - 30 Dec 1863
Description: Three letters regarding a land query between AE and a Mr. Brown and a letter from G. Hoskins discussing the state of his parish.


Box 1 Folder 8
Correspondence 1864
Date span: 21 Feb 1864 - 19 Dec 1864
Description: Letters of advice from AE's solicitors regarding the query over the Monkton Farleigh Dilapidation, and other minor business affairs.


Box 1 Folder 9
Correspondence 1865
Date span: 12 Jan 1865 - 26 Nov 1865
Description: Four letters to AE from a J. Whitehouse regarding the dilapidation of a certain property.


Box 1 Folder 10
Correspondence 1866-1867
Date span: 7 Mar 1866 - 14 Dec 1867
Description: Letters from one of AE's solicitor, regarding the dilapidation of a certain property.


Box 1 Folder 11
Correspondence 1868-1869
Date span: 14 Feb 1868 - 22 Nov 1869
Description: Three letters to AE, one regarding dilapidation, another regarding the delay of some stained glass works, and an invitation by a John May to come to Nicarage.


Box 1 Folder 12
Correspondence 1870-1873
Date span: 11 Aug 1870 - 13 Dec 1873
Description: Letters from AE's solicitors regarding various legal matters, including the leasing of the houses in 28 George Street, Hannover Square, and 24 Faningdon Street.


Box 1 Folder 13
Correspondence 1874-1875
Date span: 22 Jan 1874 - 19 Nov 1875
Description: Letters from AE's solicitors, W. Buckingham and J. Whitehouse regarding property management and leasing agreements.


Box 1 Folder 14
Correspondence 1876-1877
Date span: 8 May 1876 - 30 Nov 1877
Description: Letters to AE from J. Whitehouse, W. Buckingham, and George Gibbes, all solicitors, writing about property management, leasing arrangements, and investments.


Box 1 Folder 15
Correspondence 1878-1882
Date span: 10 Jan 1878 - 14 Apr 1882
Description: Two letters from AE's solicitor, W. Buckingham, and numerous business memorandums and stock transfer certificates.


Box 1 Folder 16
Correspondence 1885-1892
Date span: 20 Mar 1885 - 18 Jan 1892
Description: Letters to AE from contractors, solicitors and creditors. Correspondence from family members, including two letters from William Roope Ilbert, one letter from Francis Alfred Earle to his brother William Henry Earle, and the will of William Henry Earle.


Box 2 Folder 1
Correspondence June - Sept. 1896
Date span: 13 Jul 1896 - 29 Sep 1896
Description: Letters to AE as Bishop of Marlborough from solicitors, vestry clerks, architects, surveyors and land agents, regarding the dilapidation of properties. Numerous references to the St. Botolph rectory dilapidation.
Includes the following items:
ALS from Joseph Parker to AE
9 Jul 1896


Box 2 Folder 2
Correspondence October - December 1896
Date span: 1 Nov 1896 - 24 Dec 1896
Description: Letters, reports and expenditure statements sent to AE from vestry clerks, solicitors, and the Bounty office, regarding ecclesiastical dilapidation and property management.
Includes the following items:
ALS from Sir Owen Roberts to AE.
27 Oct 1896


Box 2 Folder 3
Correspondence 1897--1899
Date span: 9 Jan 1897 - 7 Dec 1899
Description: Letters to AE from banks, solicitors, architects, land surveyors, and ecclesiastical clerks, regarding AE's financial affairs. Letters to AE's wife, Fanny Ilbert, from Somerville Peter Ilbert and William Rooper Ilbert. Letters to AE from notable figures
Includes the following items:
ALS from A.F.W. Ingram, Bishop of London, to AE.
30 Oct 1897
ALS from Mandell Creighton, Bishop of London, to AE.
10 Dec 1897
ALS from AE to William Ilbert.
29 May 1899


Box 2 Folder 4
Correspondence 1900-1906
Date span: 1 Feb 1900 - Aug 1906
Description: Letters to AE regarding his appointment to the deanery of the cathedral church of Exeter. Includes documents from the House of Lords ratifying the appointment, and from the Ecclesiastical Commission, discussing construction work in the Exeter's deanery.
Includes the following items:
ADS from Alfred De Bock Porter, from the Ecclesiastical Commission, to AE.
3 Aug 1900
ADS from Alfred De Bock Porter to AE.
5 Dec 1900
ALS from Sir Arthur Heywood to AE.
1902
ALS from Sir Philip Henry Edgerton to AE.
29 Dec 1902


Box 2 Folder 5
Correspondence 1907-1917
Date span: 9 May 1907 - Dec 1917
Description: Numerous letters to AE from his solicitors, son-in-law Edward A. Manisty and partner Robert Pollock, regarding the properties at 27 and 28 George Street and Albemarle St. Letter from son Francis Alfred Earle. Also correspondence from various noted bishops.
Includes the following items:
ALS from George W. Kenion, Bishop of Bath and Wells, to AE.
9 May 1907
AL from AE to Edward A. Manisty, solicitor and son-in-law of AE.
7 Feb 1816
ALS from Robert Jones to AE.
undated
TLS from William Gascoyne-Cecil, Bishop of Exeter, to AE.
26 Sep 1917
ALS from William Gascoyne-Cecil, Bishop of Exeter, to AE.
18 Sep 1817


Box 2 Folder 6
Correspondence 1920-1922
Date span: 20 Jul 1920 - 15 Mar 1922
Description: Letter from Buckingham to Mrs. Jones, and an unidentified letter.


Box 2 Folder 7
Undated Correspondence
Date span: undated
Description: Undated letters about miscellaneous matters.
Includes the following items:
ALS from AE to W. Buckingham.
undated


Box 2 Folder 8
Llynvi and Ogmore Railway
Date span: 1862 - 1888
Description: Reports, receipts, documents and debenture stocks regarding LLynvi and Ogmore Railway Company, signed by AE or by James C. Somerville Esq.


Box 2 Folder 9
MSS Poems by Alfred Earle
Date span: undated
Description: Manuscript poems written by Alfred Earle.


Box 2 Folder 10
Printed Poetry by Alfred Earle.
Date span: undated
Description: Printed poems by Alfred Earle, signed Alfred Marlborough. Includes "Retrospective Rules of Life," "The Christian Sufferer," "The Marriage Ode," "A Wedding of Old Time, " "To=day," "The Twain Made One," "A Prayer, " and "The Righteous Cause."


Box 2 Folder 11
Printed Material
Date span: undated
Description: Printed material. Includes a pamphlet with the order of the consecration of AE, a programme of music,a notice for a vestry meeting of the St.Botolph parish, a list of annual subscribers and donors in the diocese of Salisbury, an article by B.Creighton Bishop of Peterborough.


Box 3 Folder 1
Seals
Date span: 25 Apr 1884 - 16 Nov 1896
Description: Three documents from Alliance Assurance company; Anthony Winton, Bishop of Winchester; and an indenture between AE and the Governors of the Bounty of the Queen, all embossed with wax seals.


Box 3 Folder 2
Alfred Earle's Receipts 1848-1859
Date span: 29 Jan 1848 - 31 93 1859
Description: Numerous receipts made to Alfred Earle's name. Includes receipts accounting for travel accommodations, clothes, arms, books, stationary, and decorations, among other things. Some of Oxford interest.


Box 3 Folder 3
Alfred Earle's Receipts 1860-1887
Date span: 1860 - 17 May 1887
Description: Numerous receipts made to Alfred Earle's name. Includes receipts for purchases of beer and ale, photographs and frames, construction, labor, and materials.


Box 3 Folder 4
Alfred Earle's Receipts 1896-1817
Date span: 24 Jun 1896 - 1 Nov 1917
Description: Receipts made to the name of Alfred Earle. Includes receipts from banks, architects, construction, and insurance companies.


Box 3 Folder 5
Alfred Earle's Receipts - undated
Date span: undated
Description: Receipts made to Alfred Earle. Includes undated receipts for hotel and construction.


Box 3 Folder 6
Alfred Earle's Notebooks. [MSS]
Date span: undated
Description: Three of AE's notebooks, containing notes regarding financial, ecclesiastical and personal matters.


Box 3 Folder 7
Financial Records
Date span: 1875 - 1890
Description: Check stubs, and two accounting notebooks, one of them belonging to the Bishopsgate School.


Box 3 Folder 8
Photographs
Date span: undated
Description: Eighteen photographs. Only three identified by inscriptions on the back as: a picture of the landscape at Lands End, Cornwall, a picture of the tomb of Frances Anne Earle, AE's wife, and a portrait of Lady Earle and child.


Box 3 Folder 9
Miscellaneous
Date span: undated
Description: Used envelopes, stationary and pieces of scrap paper.


Accounting Book (HE) 1: 3
Albemarle Street, # 28 1: 13
- 1: 14
- 1: 2
- 2: 5
Alliance Assurance Company 3: 1
Bank of England 2: 3
Bath and Wells, Bishop of 2: 5
Bishopsgate School 3: 7
Borland, John 2: 3
- 2: 4
Bounty Office 2: 2
Bounty of Queen Anne 3: 1
Buckingham, W. (Solicitor) - Correspondence 2: 6
- 1: 13
- 2: 4
- 2: 7
- 2: 3
- 1: 14
- 1: 12
- 2: 5
- 1: 2
- 1: 15
Byng, George - Correspondence 1: 2
Check stubs (HE) 1: 3
Christian Sufferer, the (Poem by AE) 2: 10
Consecration (AE as B. of Marlborough) 2: 11
Copley, John Singleton (Baron Lyndhurst) 1: 1
Creighton, Mandell (B. of London) 2: 11
- 2: 3
Dilapidations 1: 11
- 1: 9
- 1: 10
- 2: 2
- 1: 8
- 2: 1
- 2: 3
Dyer, Watson (vestry clerk) - Correspondence 2: 1
- 2: 2
Earle, Alfred - Consecration 2: 11
- Letter by 2: 5
- Letter by 2: 7
- Letters by 2: 3
- Letter by 1: 2
- Marriage Trust 1: 16
- Notebooks 3: 6
- Poems 2: 9
- Printed Poems 2: 10
Earle, Alfred - Property Management 1: 8
- Receipts 3: 3
- 3: 4
- 3: 5
- 3: 2
- 1: 4
- Death of his mother 1: 6
Earle, Francis Alfred - Correspondence 1: 16
- 2: 5
Earle, Frances Anne - Death 3: 8
- Portrait 3: 8
Earle, Henry - Estate 1: 4
- 1: 1
- 1: 2
- 1: 3
Earle, J.P. - Correspondence 1: 1
Earle, James Henry - Corre 1: 1 - 1: 2
- Estate 1: 5
- Receipts 1: 4
- 1: 5
Earle, Louise - Correspondence 1: 1
- 1: 2
Earle, Mrs. - Death 1: 6
Earle, William Henry - Correspondence 1: 16
Ecclesiastical Commission 2: 4
- 2: 1
Edgerton, Philip Henry - Correspondence 2: 4
Exeter, Bishop of 2: 5
Exeter Cathedral 2: 5
Exeter Deanery 2: 4
Faningdon Street, # 24 1: 12
- 1: 13
- 1: 16
Financial records (Alfred Earle) 3: 7
- 3: 2
- Stock transfers 1: 15
Financial Records (Henry Earle) -Accounting Book 1: 3
- Check Stubs 1: 3
Financial Records - Receipts 1: 4
- 1: 5
- 3: 3
- 3: 4
- 3: 5
Fitch, Frederick G. (Vestry Clerk) - Correspondence 2: 1
- 2: 2
Frazer, James (Bishop of Machester) 1: 6
Gascoyne-Cecil, William (Bishop of Exeter) 2: 5
George Street # 28, Hannover Square 1: 12
- 1: 14
George Street # 28, Hannover Square 1: 4
- 2: 5
Gibbes, George (Solicitor)-Correspondence 1: 14
Heywood, Arthur - Correspondence 2: 4
Hoskins, G. - Correspondence 1: 7
Ilbert, Sommerville Peter -Correspondence 2: 3
Ilbert, William Roope - Correspondence 1: 16
- 2: 3
Incorporated National Society, the 2: 11
Indenture 3: 1
Ingram, A.F.W. (Bishop of London) 2: 3
Jones, Robert - Correspondence 2: 5
Kenion, George W. (Bishop of Bath and Wells) 2: 5
King's College 2: 11
LLynvi and Ogmore Railway 2: 8
Lands End, Cornwall - Photograph 3: 8
Lockyn, James - Correspondence 1: 1
Lockyn, James - Correspondence 1: 2
London, Bishop of 2: 3
- 2: 11
Lyndhurst, Baron of 1: 1
Macdonald and Brodrick - Solicitors 1: 8
Manchester, Bishop of 1: 6
Manisty, Edward A. (Solicitor, son-in-law) 2: 5
May, John - Correspondence 1: 11
Miscellaneous 3: 9
Monkton Farleigh Rectory 1: 8
Notebooks - Alfred Earle 3: 6
Parker, Joseph - Correspondence 2: 1
Photographs 3: 8
Poems - Alfred Earle 2: 9
Poems - Printed 2: 10
Pollock, Robert (Solicitor)-Correspondence 2: 5
Porter, Alfred de Bock - Correspondence 2: 4 Prayer, A (Poem by AE) 2: 10
Printed Poems 2: 10
Property Management 1: 12
- 1: 11
- 1: 13
- 1: 16
- 1: 14
- 2: 3
Queen Anne Street, # 22 1: 14
Receipts - Alfred Earle 3: 2
- 3: 3
- 3: 5
- 3: 4
Retrospective Rules of Life - Poem 2: 10
Righteous Cause, the - Poem 2: 10
Roberts, Sir Owen - Correspondence 2: 2
Seals 3: 1
Somerville, James C. - Railway Stock 2: 8
St. Botolph, Bishopsgate 2: 1
- 2: 2
St. Botolph Bishopsgate 2: 3
- 2: 4
St. Botolph, Bishopsgate - Notice 2: 11
St. Michael's, Cornhill 2: 3
St. Paul's Cathedral 2: 11
Stained Glass Works 1: 11
The Girl's School, Spital Square E. 2: 2
Thorn, Henry 1: 14
To=day - Poem 2: 10
Waymouth, Geoge (Solicitor)-Correspondence 2: 1
- 2: 2
- 2: 4
- 2: 3
Wedding of Old Time, A (Poem by AE) 2: 10 Winchester, Bishop of 3: 1
Whitehouse, J (Solicitor)-Correspondence 1: 10
- 1: 9
- 1: 14
- 1: 13
- 1: 12
- 1: 11
Winton, Anthony (B. of Winchester) 3: 1


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