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HERBERT CARDINAL VAUGHAN COLLECTION
FOLDER LISTING


Box: 1 Fold: 1 Cardinal Vaughan to Father Cornelius Dowling
Date: 2/4/1872

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father Cornelius Dowling, first provincial of the St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart at St. Xavier Church, Baltimore, Maryland (1871-1872).

@ Re: renting or purchasing church space in Baltimore in which to establish the Society.

Box: 1 Fold: 2 Cardinal Vaughan to Father Cornelius Dowling
Date: 5/17/[1872?]

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father Cornelius Dowling. Addressed from Montreal.

@ References to -

@ Approval by Napoleon J. Perche, Archbishop of New Orleans (referred to as "N.O."), for allowing a black student, Medard Nelson, to study for the priesthood.

@ Father Richard T. Burke is also mentioned.

Box: 1 Fold: 3 Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan
Date: 2/1/1872

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan, successor to Father Cornelius Dowling, as second provincial of the American mission of St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart. Details Vaughan's visits with the archbishop of Cincinnati, the bishop of Louisville, Kentucky, and in Tennessee where he met with Father Richard T. Burke.

Box: 1 Fold: 4 Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan
Date: 8/30/1872

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father Noonan. Addressed from Mill Hill, London. References are made to -

@ Appointment of Noonan as rector of St. Francis Xavier church.

@ Primarily concerns the disposition of Sylvester John Sawyer whom Vaughan suggests placing in the position of procurator.

Box: 1 Fold: 5 Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan
Date: 10/1/1872

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father Noonan. Addressed from Mill Hill, London. References are made to -

@ Cardinal Vaughan's appointment to the see of Salford. He would be consecrated bishop on October 22, 1872.

@ Father Charles Vigneront and Brother John Tardy, who later served at St. Augustine, Louisville, Kentucky.

@ Plans to found missions in Richmond, Virginia or in New Orleans.

@ NOTE: The response from Father Noonan to this letter is transcribed in Folder 1:15, letter dated 11/14/1872.

Box: 1 Fold: 6 Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan
Date: 5/23/1873

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS fragment from Cardinal Vaughan to Father Noonan. References are made to -

@ Fathers James Gore, John Tardy, Charles Vigneront, and Peter VanDaal.

@ Mission expansion, of which Cardinal Vaughan advises: "that which would please me best would be that you should all remain together for this year and not separate till the autumn to found a new mission."

Box: 1 Fold: 7 Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan
Date: 10/2/1873

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father Noonan. Addressed from Bishop's House, Salford, England. Cardinal Vaughan responds to Father Noonan's letter of 8/13/1873 (Folder 1:16, transcribed letter). References are made to -

@ Father Noonan's vocation to a religious calling rather than to the mission of St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart. Of which Cardinal Vaughan advises: "I must beg of you to remain quietly where you are and do the best you can for the mission until I come out there...With regard to you vocation to join a religious order, I know you so well that I can say with confidence that I do not believe in it."

@ The mission's poor financial state; Cardinal Vaughan urges raising a mortgage, and comments, "The mission of Baltimore ought to be able to meet such a burden. If Baltimore cannot do so, what mission shall we ever have that can?"

@ Possible readiness of Peter VanDaal for ordination.

Box: 1 Fold: 8 Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan
Date: 12/28/1873

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father Noonan. Addressed from Bishop House, Salford, England. References are made to -

@ Peter VanDaal, about whom Cardinal Vaughan advises: "I think it will be no harm that Brother VanDaal should wait for his ordination."

@ "Indiscretions" of Father James Gore (referred to, but not elaborated).

@ Property and finances of the mission.

@ NOTE: This letter was responded to by Father Noonan on 2/2/1874 (Folder 1:17, transcription).

Box: 1 Fold: 9 Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan
Date: 8/5/[1874?]

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father Noonan. Addressed from Bishop's House, Salford, England. This letter may have preceded Father Noonan's of 9/21/1874 (Folder 1:17, transcription). Generally, a morale-boosting letter, in which Cardinal Vaughan encourages Father Noonan in his work. References are made to -

@ Cardinal Vaughan delays a proposed visit to the Baltimore mission.

@ Raising money for the mission. Cardinal Vaughan suggests, "perhaps you and Father Gore may be able to go round begging for the money you require."



Box: 1 Fold: 10 Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan
Date: 10/19/1874

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father Noonan, re the former's imminent visit to the U.S. On letterhead for Bishop's House, Salford.

Box: 1 Fold: 11 Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan
Date: 10/20/1874

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan. On letterhead of Bishop's House, Salford.

@ Refers to Vaughan's return to Baltimore (to be made eventually, early in January 1875). Vaughan also requests Noonan to discuss ideas with his group of missionaries for the laying down of the official rules of the Society so that they could present them on the former's arrival.

Box: 1 Fold: 12 Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan
Date: 12/30/1874

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father Noonan. Addressed from Bishop's House, Salford, England. References are made to -

@ Cardinal Vaughan's prospective visit to the U.S. He was to arrive 1/22/1875 with a number of other Society missionaries, Canon Peter L. Benoit, fathers Richard Gore, John H. Greene (sp. var. Green), William Hooman, Frederick Schmitz, Brother Edward Murphy, and Vaughan's secretary, Father Gadd.

Box: 1 Fold: 13 Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan
Date: 9/28/1875

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father Noonan. Addressed from Salford, England. Father Noonan is addressed here as "Father Provincial," since he succeeded Father Cornelius Dowling, after the latter's death in 1872, in the position of rector of St. Francis Xavier Church in Baltimore. He also became the head of the American province of the mission of St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart. References are made to -

@ Brother Edward Murphy (see Folder 1:26, for biographical data), re his request to be released from his vow.

@ Frederick Schmitz (spelled variously Schmidtz, Schmitt, or Smith), re his request to be transferred from the mission in Charleston, South Carolina.

@ The letter continues with advice and suggestions from Cardinal Vaughan about the placement of various members of the mission, including James Gore and Denis Hurley. Also, regarding the case of Richard Gore in Louisville, Kentucky (brother of James Gore). The former had apparently signed a document along with John Tardy and eleven rebellious priests in the diocese protesting against the Louisville bishop, McCloskey. Bishop McCloskey eventually demanded that the society withdraw from Louisville. (See Folder 1:25, p.32, for details of the incident.)

@ Canon Peter L. Benoit is also mentioned frequently in this letter. (See Folder 1:26, for biographical data.)



Box: 1 Fold: 14 Cardinal Vaughan to Father James Noonan
Date: 10/18/1877

DESCRIPTION: Contains ALS from Cardinal Vaughan to Father Noonan. Addressed from Bishop's House, Salford. 2 pages. References are made to -

@ Father James Noonan's request to be released from his duties as provincial and all duties connected with St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart for Foreign Missions. Recommendation is made to transfer the care of the Baltimore mission to Father Michael Walsh.

Box: 1 Fold: 15 James Noonan to Cardinal Vaughan 1872
Date: 9/18/1872-11/14/1872

DESCRIPTION: Contains 2 letters from Father James Noonan to Cardinal Vaughan, addressed from Baltimore to Mill Hill, London.

@ Letter dated, 9/18/1872. References are made to -

@ Arrival and activities of Sylvester John Sawyer, a lay helper at St. Francis Xavier.

@ Martin John Spalding, archbishop of Baltimore. Archbishop Spalding was actively intent on establishing missionary work among the black communities in America. He was particularly supportive of the work of Michael O'Connor, S.J., a former bishop turned Jesuit, who established, in 1863, the first African-American church in the U.S. at St. Francis Xavier, Baltimore, Maryland. Both Spalding and O'Connor supported Cardinal Vaughan, who settled the first Josephite missionary at the latter church, although Archbishop Spalding was to die soon after his arrival, in February 1872. (For a complete history of the Josephite mission and the role of Archibishop Spalding, see "The Mission of the Josephites to the Negro in America, 1871-1893" by Richard H. Steins," Folder 1:26, pp.3-9 and pp. 19-21.)

@ Activities of fathers Charles Vigneront and James Gore.

@ The disposition of the body of Father Cornelius Dowling, who died 8/2/1872.

@ Letter dated 11/14/1872. References are made to -

@ Cardinal Vaughan's appointment as Bishop of Salford.

@ Brother John Tardy, fathers James Gore, and Charles Vigneront, among others.

@ "The Tablet," a Catholic newspaper bought by Vaughan on his return from the U.S. in 1872.

Box: 1 Fold: 16 James Noonan to Cardinal Vaughan 1873
Datespan: 4/1/1873-8/13/1873

DESCRIPTION: Contains copies of transcribed correspondence from Father James Noonan to Cardinal Vaughan. Addressed from Baltimore, Maryland, to Salford, England. Total: 5. Itemization is as follows -

@ 4/1/1873 - Refers to invitation by the Bishop of Louisville, Kentucky, to open a mission there. Also mentions possibility of opening a house in New York. Reports on the progress and work of various mission members including fathers James Gore, Charles Vigneront. Complains about the lay assistant, Sylvester John Sawyer: "[He] may be useful in his own sphere but he is certainly not the right man in the right place....I have determined that the less of a lay element in our Society the better."

@ 4/24/1873 - Reports on the indiscretion of one Brother Francis, who "made more free than proper with a young woman (colored)...and went so far in outstepping the rules of modesty as to kiss her." Also reports on Sylvester John Sawyer. Mentions securing land for a mission in Texas; foregoing settling a mission in New Orleans for the present; but developing one in Louisville since "the Bishop is favorable."

@ 6/5/1873 - Short note deferring to Cardinal Vaughan on a final decision regarding the prospective mission in Louisville.

@ 6/23/1873 - Reports on the departure of Sylvester John Sawyer to become procurator to "the Paulists in New York." Regarding the Louisville mission, Father Noonan expresses his opinion against sending Father Charles Vigneront as superior, or Father John Tardy. Mentions the closing, due to debt of the school attached to the Baltimore mission, begun by Father Cornelius Dowling. Finally expresses his unhappiness in his work: "...it is painful to be obliged to allude to it but a sense of duty requires me to do so. You are aware my dear Father, that when we first just came to this country, I felt a great natural repugnance to the work of being a priest to the colored people...that feeling still exists..."

@ 8/13/1873 - Mentions the departure of fathers John Tardy and Charles Vigneront for the Louisville mission. Complains about the "inactivity" of Father Tardy and his reluctance to learn English to preach. Recommends the ordination of Peter Van Daal. Finally, reiterates his unhappiness in his work.

Box: 1 Fold: 17 James Noonan to Cardinal Vaughan 1874
Datespan: 2/2/1874-9/21/1874

DESCRIPTION: Contains copies of transcribed correspondence from Father James Noonan to Cardinal Vaughan. Addressed from Baltimore, Maryland, to Salford, England. Total: 2 letters. Itemization is as follows -

@ 2/2/1874 - Urges the ordination of Peter VanDaal. Reports on the poor state of finances of the Baltimore mission. Reference to Father Cornelius Dowling, James Gore, John Tardy, and the illness of Archbishop Spalding.

@ 9/21/1874 - Urges that the Society should be made a congregation, "as at present, we are neither Regulars nor purely secular priests... Why should not the members have the advantages of the religious life, while they have, if I may use the expression, its disadvantages?" Reference also to John H. Greene.

Box: 1 Fold: 18 James Noonan to Cardinal Vaughan 1875
Datespan: 9/1/1875-8/5/1875

DESCRIPTION: Contains copies of transcribed correspondence from Father James Noonan to Cardinal Vaughan. Addressed from Baltimore, Maryland, to Salford, England. Total: 5 letters. Itemization is as follows -

@ 8/5/1875 - Refers to financial status of Louisville and Charleston missions. Advises against dispensing Father Richard Gore. Refers to sending fathers John Greene and William Hooman to Marlboro, Maryland. Other fathers mentioned include Charles Vigneront, Frederick Schmitz, and Brother Edward Murphy. Of Murphy, Father Noonan is of the opinion that it was a "mistake" to bring him on the mission.

@ 9/1/1875 - Anticipates the arrival of Father Denis Francis Hurley, who arrived from Mill Hill, London, in Baltimore in December 1875. He would then serve at St. Peter in Charleston, South Carolina. Father Noonan goes on to advise against having Brother Edward Murphy sent to a seminary but to have him return to Mill Hill. Reference also to poor relations between Murphy and Frederick Schmitz. Reference made to Father Richard Gore, brother of James Gore.

@ 9/13/1875 - Informs Cardinal Vaughan of the request by Bishop McCloskey of Louisville that St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart refrain from continued work with "the colored people of Louisville," as a result of the actions of fathers Richard Gore and John Tardy (cf. Folder 1:13 and 1:25).

@ 11/18/1875 - Re the dispensations of Father John Tardy and Brother Edward Murphy. Mentions the good work of Father John H. Greene at the mission in Marlboro, Maryland, and of Father William Hooman. (See Folder 1:26, for biographical data on both men.) Other references are made as to the dispositions of fathers John Tardy, James and Richard Gore, Charles Vigneront, and Denis Hurley.

@ 12/10/1875 - Reports on the dispositions of various society members: Father James Gore in Charleston; Father Richard Gore in Baltimore; Father Schmitz in Louisville; Father Tardy, awaiting dispensation; Father Hurley in Baltimore; fathers John Greene and William Hooman in Marlboro. Mentions Brother Edward Murphy on retreat before deciding on his request for release from the society. Also suggests sending Brother Michael Walsh to set up a mission in Georgia.



Box: 1 Fold: 19 James Noonan to Cardinal Vaughan 1876
Datespan: 6/12/1876-12/21/1876

DESCRIPTION: Contains copies of transcribed correspondence from Father James Noonan to Cardinal Vaughan. Addressed from Baltimore, Maryland, to Salford, England. Total: 3 letters. Itemization is as follows -

@ 6/12/1876 - Refers to Father Charles Vigneront's request in May 1876 (see description by Stein, Folder 1:25, p.39) to return to Europe. Father Noonan opposes this. A critical report is given by Noonan of Peter VanDaal who he concludes as having a drinking problem and ought to be discharged of missionary duties and return to Mill Hill. Refers also to illness of Denis Hurley. Brief financial report on missions at Marlboro, Louisville, Charleston, and Baltimore. Makes a final comment that he despairs of finding a vocation for missionary work: "I sometimes feel sad, and fear I am in the wrong place and that perhaps my vocation is elsewhere."

@ 11/21/1876 - Reports death of James Gore in Charleston on 11/18/1876. Father Noonan determines not to give up the Louisville mission, and reports that Bishop McCloskey has "removed the restriction with regard to the faculties," and money obtained by the Josephites from masses. Refers also to Father Charles Vigneront and his ill health.

@ 12/21/1876 - Brief note regarding a request for release from Father Frederick Schmitz: "I have not the slightest hesitation...the sooner he is released, the better will it be, not only for himself, but also for the Society."

Box: 1 Fold: 20 James Noonan to Cardinal Vaughan 1877
Datespan: 8/4/1877-9/24/1877

DESCRIPTION: Contains copies of transcribed correspondence from James Noonan to Cardinal Vaughan. Addressed from Baltimore to Salford, England. Total: 2 letters. Itemization is as follows -

@ 8/4/1877 - Reports negatively on one Father Emilius G. Kattein who was dismissed from the order in 1877, having joined in 1876. Also offers opinion of the American member, Father John R. Slattery, who would become the society's third American provincial (1878-1883) after the departure of James Noonan at the end of 1877. (For an account of Father Slattery, see Stein, p.49, Folder 1:25.)

@ 9/24/1877 - Reports that Father Kattein refuses to submit to the rule of poverty. In this letter, Father Noonan announces finally that he has decided to leave the society: "After much careful consideration and prayer, I have come to the conclusion that I am not called to the society, and that my leaving, would be a great good, not only to myself, but also to others.

Box: 1 Fold: 21 James Noonan to Canon Peter L. Benoit
Datespan: 4/25/1875-12/13/1876

DESCRIPTION: Contains correspondence from Father Noonan to Canon Peter L. Benoit. When Cardinal Vaughan was appointed bishop of Salford in 1875, he invited Canon Benoit to become rector of Mill Hill. The latter did so, officially relinquishing his title as canon, although it remained honorary and was used until the end of his life. Total: 11 letters + 1 letter from Canon Benoit to Father Noonan, 12/13/1876.

@ The correspondence reports on the American missions of the St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart. Individuals mentioned include James Gore (death), Richard Gore, John Greene, William Hooman, Denis F. Hurley, Edward Murphy, Frederick Schmitz, John Tardy, a highly critical report on Peter VanDaal, and Charles Vigneront. The state of various missions is reported, including Baltimore, Louisville, Marlboro, and New York.



Box: 1 Fold: 22 James Noonan - Correspondence Received
Date: 9/3/1875

DESCRIPTION: Contains correspondence received by Father James Noonan -

@ Father John Baxter, secretary to the Bishop of Louisville, to Noonan at Baltimore, 9/3/1875. Father Baxter describes the Louisville scandal in which thirteen priests in the diocese signed a protest against Bishop McCloskey of Louisville. These included Richard Gore and John Tardy of St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart.

@ Bishop McCloskey of Louisville to Noonan, 3/9/1875. Brief note accompanying preceding letter. Specifically requests that the mission remove [its] priests to some other field of labor."

Box: 1 Fold: 23 Herbert Vaughan - Correspondence Received
Datespan: 4/6/1872-9/21/1874

DESCRIPTION: Contains correspondence received by Cardinal Vaughan from the following -

@ James Roosevelt Bayley, Archbishop of Baltimore (having replaced Martin John Spalding after the latter's death in 1872). Letter to Cardinal Vaughan in Salford, dated 9/21/1874. Concerns the use of St. Francis Xavier by the missionaries.

@ Napoleon John Perche, Archbishop of New Orleans. Letter to Vaughan, dated 4/6/1872. Concerning Medard Nelson, a young black student accepted at Mill Hill for seminary studies, although he did not go through ordination. He taught in New Orleans, where a public school was named after him. This eventually became a protestant seminary.

@ Sylvester John Sawyer (a white layman who assisted in business matters at the mission at St. Francis Xavier). Letter dated 8/8/1872. Refers to the illness of Father Cornelius Dowling and renovations to St. Francis Xavier.

Box: 1 Fold: 24 Cardinal Herbert Vaughan - Correspondence Sent
Dates: 10/19/1875

DESCRIPTION: Contains correspondence sent by Cardinal Vaughan to the following -

@ Brother Edward Murphy. Letter dated 10/19/1875, from Salford. Vaughan advises Murphy against remaining with the society.

@ Father James Noonan. Letter dated 10/19/1875, from Salford to Baltimore. Concerns the dispensation of Father John Tardy (dismissed from the society, finally in 1876). Also concerns the disposition of Richard Gore: "I do not think that Fr. R. Gore should be allowed to remain at Louisville." In both cases, Vaughan is referring to the Louisville affair in which fathers Gore and Tardy had unwisely put their names to a document protesting against the Bishop of Louisville.

@ Father John Tardy. Letter dated 10/19/1875, from Salford to Baltimore. Vaughan informs of his decision to release Tardy from his vows to the society.

Box: 1 Fold: 25 "Mission of the Josephites....in America" by R. Steins
Date: May 1966

DESCRIPTION: Contains a copy of a Master of Arts thesis by Richard H. Steins on the history of the St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart for Foreign Missions. Entitled, "The Mission of the Josephites to the Negro in America, 1871-1893." TMs, 11 pp.

Box: 1 Fold: 26 St. Joseph's Society Sacred Heart - Biographcial Data
Datespan: c. 1841-1915

DESCRIPTION: Contains biographical data for individual missionaries of the St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart for Foreign Missions. Includes: Canon Peter L. Benoit, Richard T. Burke, Cornelius Dowling, James and Richard Gore, John H. Greene (sp. var. Green), William Hooman, Denis F. Hurley, Edward Murphy, James Noonan, Frederick A. Schmitz (sp. var. Schmidtz, Schmitt, or Smith), Peter VanDaal, Charles J.F. Vigneront, and Michael F.J. Walsh.

Box: 1 Fold: 27 St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart - Historical Notes
Datespan: 3/5/89-4/4/89

DESCRIPTION: Contains 3 essays by Father Peter E. Hogan, S.S.J. on the history of the Josephites in Baltimore, and their missionary work with African-Americans.

Box: 1 Fold: 28 Rules of St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart
Date: c. January 1875

DESCRIPTION: Contains 7 pages of autograph rules for the society by Cardinal Herbert Vaughan. The hierarchy of the society is outlined, as well as a schedule of daily duties.

Box: 1 Fold: 29 Catholic Missionary Society - Petition
Dated: Eastertide 1909

DESCRIPTION: Contains TLS copy of a form letter by Rev. Herbert Vaughan, superior, Catholic Missionary Society, petitioning American Catholics for financial aid in the conversion of non-Catholics. Rev. Vaughan was the son of Francis Baynham Vaughan, brother of Cardinal Vaughan.

Box: 1 Fold: 30 Msgr. John S. Vaughan - Biography
Date: October 1906

DESCRIPTION: Contains a reprint from Donohoe's Magazine (October 1906) of a biographical account of Msgr. John Stephen Vaughan (1/24/1853-12/4/1925) and the Vaughan family of Courtfield, Herefordshire, England. The former was Cardinal Vaughan's youngest brother.

Box: 1 Fold: 31 Photographs - Bernard Vaughan, S.J.
Date: 3/4/64

DESCRIPTION: Contains 1 photograph, 1 halftone signed, of Bernard Vaughan, S.J., (1847-1922) younger brother of Cardinal Vaughan.

Box: 1 Fold: 32 Photographs - Rev. Herbert Vaughan
Date: 1912

DESCRIPTION: Contains newspaper photograph of Rev. Herbert Vaughan (1874-1936), second son of Col. Francis Baynham Vaughan, brother of Cardinal Herbert Vaughan. Includes newspaper caricature.

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