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HELEN KING BOYER COLLECTION
FOLDER LISTING


Box: 1 Fold: 1 Z. T. Miller to his Sister
3/23/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister. Mention of 80 prisoners arriving from Kentucky. Reference to the Ohio? 69th Regiment. Mention of Confederate prisoners praising Ohio Governor David Tod. Reference to being under John C. Fremont's command. Sent from Camp Chase, Ohio. Note: Located west of Columbus, Ohio, Camp Chase was first a training camp and later a Federal prison camp (Boatner, "The Civil War Dictionary." NY: McKay, 1988, p. 117).

Box: 1 Fold: 2 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
4/30/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, reporting on camp activity. References to the 50th Ohio Regiment, his brother Leon Miller (a 1st Lieutenant), freeing some slaves, and movement of 250 prisoners to Sandusky[, OH] with the 52nd Ohio?. Sent from Camp Chase, Ohio.

Box: 1 Fold: 3 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
5/20/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, reporting activities of the 61st Ohio. References to Leon Miller going to St. Louis to exchange prisoners, receiving Austrian rifles, and a raid by John Hunt Morgan's guerillas. Sent from Camp Chase, Ohio. Reference to photograph of Z. T. Miller; the photo is preserved in Box 11 Folder 5 of this collection.

Box: 1 Fold: 4 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
5/23/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, discussing news from the camp of the 61st Ohio. References to Leon Miller, a storm, temptations of drinking and gambling, deserters, and the fighting at Richmond. Sent from Camp Chase, Ohio.

Box: 1 Fold: 5 Z. T. Miller to Parents
5/28/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 brief ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents William Miller and Ann Miller. Sent from Columbus, Ohio.

Box: 1 Fold: 6 Z. T. Miller to his Parents
5/30/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents, describing his trip from Columbus to Virginia. Miller mentions that his regiment is not going to Washington, D.C. because of Union problems controlling the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Reference to some troops going to Romney, Virginia. Other references to being under John C. Fremont's command; catching Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson; the 6th Ohio Cavalry passing through; the sentiment of the locals; Miller being offered the role of fife major; and the rumored actions of George B. McClellan, Nathaniel P. Banks, and Benjamin F. Kelley. Sent from Headquarters of 61st [Ohio] Regt, Camp near New Creek, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 7 Z. T. Miller to his Parents
6/10/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents, providing a long description of his experiences in Moorefield, Virginia. References to Mason, Ohio; Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson; the 6th Ohio Cavalry; Z. T.'s brother Bahmbridge Miller; General Benjamin F. Kelley; and thoughts on an early end to the war. Sent from Moorefield.

Box: 1 Fold: 8 Z. T. Miller to his Parents
6/14/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents, with lengthy discussion of preparations for movement from Moorefield, Virginia. References to the 6th Ohio Cavalry, rumors of Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson capturing the town of Moorefield, and the 3rd Maryland Regiment. Sent from Moorefield.

Box: 1 Fold: 9 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
6/15/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 AL from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, enclosing a regimental newspaper from the 61st Ohio Regiment. Mention of news about his Z. T.'s brother Leon. References to another fifer joining the ranks and to John C. Fremont. Sent from Moorefield, Virginia to Miamisburg, Ohio. The regimental newspaper is preserved in Box 13 Folder 1 of this collection.

Box: 1 Fold: 10 Z. T. Miller to his Sisters
6/23/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sisters, describing the march from Moorefield, Virginia, to Strasburg, Virginia. References to skirmishes, John C. Fremont marching his men hard, and seeing Z. T.'s brother Leon Miller. Sent from Strasburg.

Box: 1 Fold: 11 Z. T. Miller to his Miller, William
6/26/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, reporting on his status. References to General Franz Sigel being in command; prospects for peace; rebel scouts allegedly supplied by Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson; Gustave P. Cluseret improving the regiment; reports of Richard S. Ewell advancing; Benjamin F. Kelley, John C. Fremont, Nathaniel P. Banks, and James Shields joining forces to follow Jackson; the 1st New York battery; and fifers. Sent from Middleton, Virginia, just south of Winchester, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 12 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
6/28/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, with discussion of the camp hospitals. Mention of John Pope having command. Comment on John C. Fremont refusing to serve under Pope, Fremont moving toward Winchester, and reaction of the soldiers to Fremont's leaving. Speculation about advancing towards either Winchester or Richmond. Sent from camp near Middleton, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 13 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
7/13/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, providing an account of his latest war experiences. Mention of being out on a foraging expedition with the 75th Ohio. Comment on a skirmish. Rumor that George B. McClellan retreated. Commentary on the need for more good doctors as opposed to chaplains. Sent from Sperryville, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 14 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
7/17/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, providing news about his brother Leon Miller. Mention of a court martial case involving his brother. Discussion of sutlers' wagons. References to a review before Franz Sigel, Carl Schurz, Gustave P. Cluseret, Robert Cumming Schenck, and Robert H. Milroy. Talk of fighting to the Culpeper railroad. Requests a map of Virginia and photos of family members. Sent from Sperryville, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 15 Z. T. Miller to his Brother
7/24/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his brother, reporting on news from the front. Mention of Nathaniel P. Banks moving his force to Culpeper, Virginia. Speculation about an advance. Comment on Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson being at Gordonsville, Virginia. References to Henry Bohlen, the 8th Virginia Regiment, the 74th Pennsylvania, Z. T.'s brother Leon, the 5th Connecticut, and the 10th Maine. Commentary on the appearance of Carl Schurz. Sent from Sperryville, VA.

Box: 1 Fold: 16 Z. T. Miller to his Sister
8/5/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister, with camp news. References to Henry Bohlen, Culpeper Road, Ohio Governor David Tod, a possible transfer for Z. T.'s brother Leon Miller, Carl Schurz, and the 55th Ohio. Sent from Sperryville, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 17 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
9/5/1862 - 9/7/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, informing her that he survived the last two weeks of fighting and marching. Mention of being ordered to report to Major Hoffman of Carl Schurz' staff. Miller was assigned to work in Carl Schurz' office. Reference to George B. McClellan. Commentary on how the war was going for the Union. Mention of Irvin McDowell. Opinion on the second battle of Bull Run. Reference to Franz Sigel. Mention of being in Alexandria, Virginia a few days ago. Sent from camp 6 miles from Washington, D.C. Also, 1 ALS from Miller to his mother Ann Miller, thanking her for sending him a photo of her; with references to most of the troops' clothing being burnt up at Centreville, Second Bull Run, Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, blaming Irvin McDowell for the loss at Bull Run, and Franz Sigel going to Washington; sent from headquarters four miles from Washington, D.C.

Box: 1 Fold: 18 Z. T. Miller to his family
9/13/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sisters. Speculation that the Division will move to Ball's Cross Roads, Virginia. Comment on German being spoken. Miller says he cannot speak German. Mention of meeting Mrs. Carl Schurz and Mrs. Franz Sigel. References to Abraham Lincoln, Ohio Governor David Tod, and the improbability of the Confederates attacking Cincinnati. Sent from "Head Quarters, 3rd Division, 1st Corps, Ast. Adjt. Genl. Office."

Box: 1 Fold: 19 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
9/16/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, providing war news. References to George B. McClellan scattering the rebels, Carl Schurz mentioning rebel escape routes guarded by Ambrose Burnside, optimism in Washington. Commentary on the generalship of Irvin McDowell, John Pope, and Franz Sigel. Mention of Second Bull Run, Edwin M. Stanton, Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson. Lengthy commentary on Nathaniel P. Banks. Mention of Leon Miller. Sent from "Head Quarters 3rd Division 1st Army Corps," near Washington, D.C.

Box: 1 Fold: 20 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
9/23/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, offering war news. Comment on Confederate setbacks in Kentucky and Maryland. Mention of receiving almost all newspapers in German. Lengthy comment on the Emancipation Proclamation and its effects. References to Franz Sigel and Carl Schurz. Sent from Headquarters III Division, Army of the Potomac.

Box: 1 Fold: 21 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
9/28/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, describing his Civil War experiences. Offers opinion on William joining the army. Mention of seeing Mary Todd Lincoln out riding. Sent from "Head Qs. 3rd Division 11th Corps, Army of the Potomac," Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 22 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
10/2/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, indicating that he expects to get marching orders soon. Sent from Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 23 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
10/5/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, providing a detailed description of the effects of the Civil War on Fairfax, Virginia. Description of a wounded soldier from the N.Y. 29th. Mention of prisoners. Reference to Franz Sigel and Carl Schurz being transferred to Kentucky and speculation about taking Ohio troops with them. Other references include Nathaniel P. Banks, John Sedgewick, Clement Vallandigham, and Jefferson Davis. Sent from Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 24 Z. T. Miller to his Sisters
10/4/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sisters. Mention of Carl Schurz, Mrs. Carl Schurz, Mrs. Franz Sigel, and James A. Garfield going to Centreville. Discussion of clothes. Comment on Franz Sigel's resignation. Sent from Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 25 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
10/13/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller. Comment on the boredom of camp life. Reference to Union success in Kentucky. Reference to Ohio Governor David Tod possibly being in Washington, D.C. Sent from Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 26 Z. T. Miller to his Parents
10/16/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents, discussing the addition of new regiments, one of which was raised in Wisconsin for Carl Schurz. Mention of Mrs. Carl Schurz. Reference to the Emancipation Proclamation. Sent from Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 27 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
10/20/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, expressing his hope that the Union army will advance towards Richmond. Opinion on Z. T.'s brother Leon rejoining the army. Mention of Confederates being near Centreville, Virginia. References to the 54th New York, Carl Schurz, Franz Sigel, the 26th Wisconsin, the 10th Ohio, the 2nd Ohio, Julius Stahel, Freeman's Ford, Henry Bohlen, Irvin McDowell, Second Bull Run, Clement Vallandigham, the 73rd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, George B. McClellan, and speculation that the fighting would be over by Christmas. Sent from Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 28 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
10/30/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, explaining that he expects the army to move soon. References to George B. McClellan crossing the Potomac; the Confederates approaching Staunton, Virginia; staying in the house of the widow of James T. Jackson who killed E. Elmer Ellsworth; and a visit by Salmon P. Chase and Edwin M. Stanton. Sent from Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 29 Z. T. Miller to his Sister
10/30/1862?

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister. References to reorganization of regiments, the 47th Pennsylvania, the 136th New York, the 159th New York, the 119th New York, the 20th Wisconsin, the 61st Ohio, Julius Stahel, the death of Capt. Loomis of Franz Sigel's staff, Carl Schurz attending Loomis' funeral, Leon Miller's case, and the Vallandigham Democrats. Sent from Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 30 Z. T. Miller to his Sisters
10/30/1862?

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his Sisters, describing a trip to Fairfax Station. Speculation about Confederate movement towards Richmond or into Pennsylvania. References to George B. McClellan being ready for the rebels, Irvin McDowell's losses, and Julius Stahel meeting with Carl Schurz. Commentary on the Emancipation Proclamation. Sent from Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 31 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
11/1/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, reporting that the army would soon advance to Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia. References to a skirmish in Centreville, Virginia; Salmon P. Chase; and a speech by Carl Schurz. Sent from Fairfax Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 32 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
11/5/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents, describing the army's movement from Fairfax Court House to Centreville to Bull Run Bridge to Thoroughfare Gap. Mention of skirmishes. Comment on the strategic Thoroughfare Gap. Reference to passing over part of the Bull Run battlefield where some of the dead were only half-buried. Reference to Franz Sigel's order to burn a mill where Confederates sniped at Union men. Sent from Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 33 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
11/8/1862

DESCRIPTION:

1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller. Reference to the army moving from Thoroughfare Gap to New Market. Mention of Quaker guns deployed by the rebels towards Warrenton. Sent from New Baltimore, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 34 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
11/20/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller. Reference to passing through Gainesville, Virginia and over Bull Run battlefield. Mention of Franz Sigel leading reserves. Speculation about France siding with the Confederates. References to the 2nd New Hampshire regiment going to Fairfax, Virginia; Daniel Sickles and Julius Stahel having dinner in Centreville, Virginia; and Carl Schurz possibly getting Miller a leave of absence. Sent from Centreville, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 35 Z. T. Miller to his Sister
11/29/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister. Reference to Franz Sigel being in camp. Mention of a grand drill to occur in Chantilly, Virginia. Sent from Centreville, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 36 Z. T. Miller to his Sister
11/30/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister, describing a mule race. Mention of taking a ride towards Manassas, Virginia. Speculation that his regiment will move to Arlington Heights, Virginia. Reference to a force going to take Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia. Reference to the Emancipation Proclamation. Sent from Centreville, Virginia. Also, 1 brief ALS from Miller to his Sister, asking her to send him stockings, a comb, a red neck tie, and reading material; sent from Centreville.

Box: 1 Fold: 37 Z. T. Miller to his Sister
12/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister, requesting collars and a handkerchief. Reference to what will be done to Jefferson Davis if he is caught and to Benjamin F. Butler. Sent from Centreville, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 38 Z. T. Miller to his Sister
12/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister, with thoughts of spending Christmas away from home. Reference to Franz Sigel being at Fairfax Court House, Virginia. Sent from Centreville, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 39 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
12/9/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS dated 12/9/1862 from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, reporting that the army will march tomorrow to Brentsville and Wolf Run Shoals, Virginia. Reference to Nathaniel P. Banks experiencing a setback. Reference to Brentsville being in the direction of Fredericksburg, Virginia. References to Bull Run Bridge and New Baltimore, Virginia. Sent from Centreville, Virginia. Also, 1 ALS dated 12/28/1862 from Mallvina Miller to her mother, regarding family news and Christmas; sent from Mason, Ohio.

Box: 1 Fold: 40 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
1/2/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, discouraging him from visiting Z. T. under the present circumstances. Sent from "Hd. Qurs. 3rd Div 11 Corps."

Box: 1 Fold: 41 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
12/14/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, reporting that Union wagons were arriving from the direction of Fredericksburg, Virginia. Comment on the battle of Fredericksburg, with reference to Ambrose Burnside meeting more Confederates than he expected. Reference to Julius Stahel passing by. Sent from Dumfries, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 42 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
12/21/1862

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS dated 12/21/1862 from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, discussing his recent experiences in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Mention of marching from Centreville, Virginia to Fredericksburg and to Stafford Court House, Virginia. Reference to Ambrose Burnside's withdrawal from Fredericksburg; the hospitals at Fredericksburg; Thaddeus Lowe's balloon at Fredericksburg; Burnside's treatment by the newspapers; troops being sent to Aquia Creek, Virginia; the 82nd Illinois; a cavalry skirmish with Wade Hampton's rebel cavalry at Brentsville, Virginia; Henry Warner Slocumb; and the 26th Wisconsin. Sent from camp near Stafford Court House, Virginia. Also, 1 undated ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister, presumably sent close to Christmas. And, 1 very brief undated ALS, presumably dating to 12/1862 from Z. T. Miller, mentioning the army will most likely march to Fredericksburg.

Box: 1 Fold: 43 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
1/9/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller. Description of soldiers building logs huts. Discussion of available clothing. Mention of Franz Sigel and Carl Schurz being in Washington, D.C. Reference to an aide-de-camp going to Ambrose Burnside's headquarters. Other reference to William S. Rosecrans' successes, William T. Sherman at Vicksburg, and Julius Stahel. Sent from Stafford Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 44 Z. T. Miller to His Sister
1/10/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister. Discussion of troops movements around Stafford Court House, Virginia. Mention of Confederate cavalry moving towards Cullet's Station. References to Franz Sigel and Carl Schurz. Sent from Stafford Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 45 Z. T. Miller to His Sister
1/27/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister, thanking her for sending a package. Sent from Stafford Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 46 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
1/27/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller. Mention of rumors that Ambrose Burnside resigned. Speculation that troops will be sent to join William S. Rosecrans in Tennessee. Reference to a sign put up by Confederate troops: "Burnside Stuck in the mud." Commentary on deserters. Reference to Carl Schurz not obtaining a promotion and to Julius Stahel's promotion. Sent from camp near Falmouth, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 47 Z. T. Miller to His Sister
1/28/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister. Mention of passing through Maria Church, Virginia and then getting stuck in the mud in Falmouth, Virginia. Reference to Henry W. Slocumb occupying a camp Miller's unit vacated. Speculation about the promotions of Carl Schurz and Julius Stahel. Comment on the Union's prospects in the Virginia theatre of war. Sent from camp near Falmouth, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 48 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
2/3/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, describing an accident involving a scout from the 4th New York cavalry who was being punished. Mention of Carl Schurz. References to Joseph Hooker. Sent from "Berea Church, Virginia."

Box: 1 Fold: 49 Z. T. Miller to His Sister
2/15/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister, with discussion of furloughs. Mention of Carl Schurz and Franz Sigel writing letters to President Abraham Lincoln. Reference to Julius Stahel's promotion. Discussion of food and clothing available in the camps. Sent from Stafford Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 50 Z. T. Miller to His Sister
2/23/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister. Mention of Joseph Hooker's grand review of the 11th corps. A parade to honor George Washington's birthday was postponed due to snow. Reference to Carl Schurz writing to President Abraham Lincoln. Discussion of the north's prospects for winning the war. Reference to Clement Vallandigham not being permitted to speak in Baltimore. Z. T. talks of going home to Ohio. Sent from camp near Stafford Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 51 Z. T. Miller to His Sister
2/28/1863 - 3/12/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS dated 2/28/1863 from Z. T. Miller to his sister. Speculation that his unit is going to North Carolina. Allusion to Franz Sigel being reigned in by higher-ups. Mention of a flag given to a soldier by Carl Schurz. Reference to Freeman's Ford, where Henry Bohlen was killed. Mention of a salute to honor George Washington's birthday. Reference to a soldier in the 20th Wisconsin committing suicide. Presumably sent from camp near Stafford Court House, Virginia. Also, 1 ALS dated 3/12/1863 from Herrmann Nachtigall to Miller, expressing surprise that Miller had gone home, with mention of photographic styles and of Carl Schurz being ill and going to Philadelphia; sent from near Stafford Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 52 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
3/22/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents, informing them that he arrived safely back at camp near Stafford Court House, Virginia. Reference to Carl Schurz being in Philadelphia and to Schurz' promotion. Reference to destruction in Harper's Ferry, West Virginia. Sent from camp near Stafford Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 53 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
3/25/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller. Mention that Carl Schurz returns today from Philadelphia. Reference to hearing cannonading in the direction of Falmouth, Virginia, allegedly ordered by Joseph Hooker. Miller expresses optimism that the Army of the Potomac will be marching on to Richmond. Reference to a newspaper account of Port Hudson. Sent from Stafford Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 54 Z. T. Miller to His Sister
3/29/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister, explaining that he has been assigned to work under the chief of Topographical Engineers and Pioneers under Major Hoffman. Mention of headquarters being at Brooks Station on the Fredericksburg Railroad. Reference to Marsena R. Patrick regulating the mail. Comment on a newspaper article regarding a speech by George W. Julian criticizing George B. McClellan and William Nelson. Presumably sent from Stafford Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 55 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
3/20/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller. Dated March 1863, possibly March 20. Mention of Carl Schurz arriving and taking charge of the 11th corps. Comment on Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Curtin reviewing Pennsylvania troops, including the 4th Pennsylvania. Reference to Joseph Hooker being strict with officers absent without leave. Discussion of Carl Schurz taking Franz Sigel's staff. Other references to the 68th New York and to the depletion of the 61st Ohio. Presumably sent from near Stafford Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 56 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
4/6/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller. Comment on recent deaths in Miamisburg, Ohio. Reference to a review of troops by Oliver Otis Howard. Reference to Carl Schurz being invited by George Stoneman to a review of cavalry which President Abraham Lincoln might attend. Speculation that Schurz may go to Kentucky. Complaints of the muddy roads of Virginia. Sent on Easter Sunday from Stafford Court House, Virginia. The letter bears the number "57" in pencil.

Box: 1 Fold: 57 Alonjo Miller to Miller, Ann
4/10/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Alonjo Miller to his mother Ann Miller, discussing farming and family news. Sent from Muddy Creek.

Box: 1 Fold: 58 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
4/14/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, describing preparations for a march. Mention of the cavalry and some of their infantry going to Warrenton, Virginia. Miller hoped to hear news that the north captured Charleston. Reference to Joseph Hooker saying the Army of the Potomac was at the disposal of the U.S. Government. Sent from "Head Quarters, 3rd Division."

Box: 1 Fold: 59 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
4/19/1863 - 4/24/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS dated 4/19/1863 from Z. T. Miller to his parents, with references to no letters leaving Aquia Landing, Virginia; 12,000 men on the road to Culpeper Court House, Virginia; Union ironclads going from Charleston, South Carolina to New Orleans, Louisiana; and a visit of the cousin of Ohio Governor David Tod to Carl Schurz. Also, 1 ALS dated 4/24/1863 from Miller to his mother, with mention of the diary Z. T. has been keeping and will send home; raising black regiments; a visit by the Governor of Wisconsin; and Carl Schurz being ill. Both letters sent from Headquarters, 3rd Division, 11th Corps, near Stafford Court House, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 60 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
4/26/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, mentioning that he expected the army to march soon. Passing reference to Union success at Vicksburg, Mississippi. Miller worries that Joseph Hooker is loading down the men with too much to carry. Mention of a bouquet sent by Mary Todd Lincoln to Carl Schurz. Sent from Headquarters, 3rd Division, 11th Corps.

Box: 1 Fold: 60.1 Z. T. Miller - Diary
4/26/1863 - 4/27/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 Autograph Manuscript diary of Z. T. Miller, dated 4/26/1863, describing in detailed fashion his experiences in the Civil War up to April 1863, 35 pages long; provides ample context for Miler's Civil War letters; diary is labeled "60-A" in pencil. Attached is 1 ALS dated 4/27/1863 from Miller to his sister, in anticipation of a march by the army.

Box: 1 Fold: 60.2 Z. T. Miller - Diary
4/25/1863 - 5/3/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 Autograph Manuscript diary of Z. T. Miller describing in detail his experiences during the Civil War from 4/25/1863 until 5/3/1863; 4 pages. Includes references to Hope Landing, Carl Schurz, Oliver Otis Howard, military balloons, United States Ford, Kelley's Ford, Joseph Hooker, activity near Fredericksburg, and reports of battle. This portion of Miller's diary was labeled "60B" in pencil.

Box: 1 Fold: 60.3 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann?
4/1863?

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller?, presumably sent from Virginia in the spring of 1863. Provides description of Virginia from Miller's perspective.

Box: 1 Fold: 60.4 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
5/8/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS dated 5/8/1863 from Z. T. Miller, possibly to his mother Ann Miller. References to 82nd Illinois, the plan of Joseph Hooker to cross to Fredericksburg, a rumor his unit was to relieve Samuel P. Heintzelman, and the arrest of Clement Vallandigham by Ambrose Burnside. The letter bears the label "60-D."

Box: 1 Fold: 60.5 Z. T. Miller
5/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller, presumably dated 5/1863. Mention of cannonading at Fredericksburg, Virginia compared to Chancellorsville, Virginia. Comment of the strategies of Joseph Hooker. Reference to use of military balloons. Suggestion that Union troops attack Warrenton, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 61 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
5/11/1864

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, informing her that he is stationed at Nickojack Gap, Georgia, but will likely move from that location soon. Reference to attempts to control railroads around Atlanta, Georgia. Reference to a victory by Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia. Sent from Nickojack Gap, Georgia. This letter seems to date to 1864, not 1863, though it was labeled "61" in pencil.

Box: 1 Fold: 62 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
5/14/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, regarding a speech by Joseph Hooker. References to Falmouth, Virginia, and to a circular issued by Hooker concerning the death of Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson. On verso, 1 printed document: "General Orders, No. 49," first line: "The Major General Commanding tenders to this Army his congratulations on its achievements of the last seven days. . . ."; sent from camp near Falmouth, Virginia, 5/6/1863, by command of Joseph Hooker, just after the battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 63 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
5/16/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller. Mention of Carl Schurz going out to find a new camp for a brigade. Comment on recent decisions by Joseph Hooker and Oliver Otis Howard and the battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia. Miller expresses his pleasure at the arrest of Clement Vallandigham by Ambrose Burnside. Reference to a raid by George Stoneman.

Box: 1 Fold: 64 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
5/21/1864

DESCRIPTION: 1 AL from Z. T. Miller to his parents, recounting the recent march of his unit. Reference to Alpheus Starkey Williams, Ulysses S. Grant's success in Virginia, Oliver Otis Howard, John M. Schofield, the 5th Indiana Battery, a comment by Joseph Hooker in the heat of battle, John B. Hood, and descriptions of battle. Sent from Cassville, Georgia. Although Z. T. Miller dated the letter 1863 and although the letter bears the label "64" in pencil, it dates to 1864.

Box: 1 Fold: 65 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
5/24/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, describing a visit to Washington, D.C. on a leave of absence. Commentary on seeing the Capitol, Smithsonian, and the Patent Office. Reference to viewing presents given to James Buchanan. seeing George Washington's uniform, reading the Declaration of Independence, viewing Abraham Lincoln riding in his carriage. Other references include Ulysses S. Grant's success in Vicksburg and Joseph Hooker's plans in Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 66 Z. T. Miller to His Sisters
5/25/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS dated 5/25/1863 from Z. T. Miller to his sisters, with lengthy description of his recent visit to Washington, D.C., with references to newspaper reports of Ulysses S. Grant's activity in Vicksburg, Mississippi and to William S. Rosecrans' activities.

Box: 1 Fold: 67 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
5/25/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, commenting on the recent battle performance of the 11th Corps, Joseph Hooker, and Oliver Otis Howard. Other references include Carl Schurz bringing news of Ulysses S. Grant's activities in Vicksburg, Mississippi; administrative changes involving Benjamin F. Butler, Franz Sigel, Henry W. Halleck. Criticism of Halleck for being so far away from the battlefield compared to George Washington and Robert E. Lee.

Box: 1 Fold: 68 Z. T. Miller to His Sisters
5/25/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sisters, with references to criticism of Joseph Hooker and Oliver Otis Howard, Carl Schurz, and speculation about the positions of Benjamin F. Butler and Henry W. Halleck. The letter was labeled "68" in pencil, but that number was crossed out.

Box: 1 Fold: 69 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
5/30/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, with comment on who made better fighters, eastern or western troops. Mention of rumors about Vicksburg, including one that Ulysses S. Grant had been killed.

Box: 1 Fold: 70 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
5/31/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller. Mention of an order by Oliver Otis Howard requesting the troops to bathe once a week. References to Ulysses S. Grant's activities in Vicksburg and Joseph Hooker's activities in Virginia. Miller doubts the Confederates can mount an offensive. Passing reference to Louisiana preparing to rejoin the Union and to North Carolina Governor Zebulon B. Vance threatening to withdraw troops.

Box: 1 Fold: 71 Z. T. Miller to His Sister
6/1/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother, enclosing a photograph. Photo not retained.

Box: 1 Fold: 72 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
6/6/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS dated 6/6/1863 from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, explaining that his unit is making preparations to march, with references to the 82nd Ohio, the 82nd Illinois, speculation about the Union army's next move, the third time being the charm at Manassas, the strict rule of Ambrose Burnside, and the need for a larger standing army during peacetime; sent from 18 miles below Dumfries, Virginia. Also, 1 ALS dated 6/6/1863 from Jacob Cline, Co. F 13th Ohio, to cousin Josephine?, with commentary on his unit's camp; sent from Fayetteville, West Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 73 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
6/16/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother, describing his unit's march to Centreville, Virginia, with mention of how Alexander Schimmelfennig treated an intoxicated soldier, news of Robert E. Lee crossing the Potomac into Maryland with his army, and Joseph Hooker's options with Lee moving towards Pennsylvania; sent from Centreville, Virginia. Also, 1 Autograph Document[s] (fragment[s], pages 1-4, 9, 10) presumably addressed to William Miller, analyzing the Union army's performance in the spring of 1863, with references in that regard to Joseph Hooker, Chancellorsville, Carl Schurz, Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, Oliver Otis Howard; labeled "73-A."

Box: 1 Fold: 74 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
6/23/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents, with discussion of news from Vicksburg and of the Confederates' carrying the war to the north. Mention of a heavy fight when Alfred Pleasonton attacked Jeb Stuart at Aldie, Virginia. Other references to a dispatch from George Gordon Meade regarding a success; troop movements from Wolf Run Shoals, Virginia, Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia, and Leesburg, Virginia; the 12th corps holding Leesburg; the number of troops with Lee; and war news from the papers, Quaker guns. Sent from near Goose Creek, Virginia, about 12 miles from Leesburg.

Box: 1 Fold: 75 Z. T. Miller to His Sisters
6/24/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sisters, indicating he is uncertain where the army of Robert E. Lee is at present. Miller speculates that Lee plans to draw the Union army northward to Pennsylvania to attack Washington, D.C. Mention of a fierce cavalry fight at Aldie, Virginia, between Alfred Pleasanton and Jeb Start, whose forces were reported to be driven through Middleburg, Virginia and Upperville, Virginia and then to Ashby's Gap, Virginia; Miller says he copied the telegram from George Gordon Meade about the incident. Miller goes on to describe his unit's march through Manassas Junction to Centreville, Virginia. Reference to Adelbert Ames and Francis C. Barlow being in camp. Mention of Carl Schurz riding out towards Leesburg, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 76 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
7/5/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, indicating his unit is about 30 miles south of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, where a great battle just occurred. Description of the town and inhabitants of Westminster, Maryland. Miller saw 3,000 Confederate prisoners pass by the town. Miller explains that he heard no cannon yesterday, so he alludes to the battle of Gettysburg being over. Comment on the 61st Ohio and the 157th New York. Comment about George Gordon Meade taking over for Joseph Hooker. Mention of the possibility that the enemy army may escape, as George B. McClellan allowed it to after Antietam. Sent from camp near Westminster, Maryland.

Box: 1 Fold: 77 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
7/11/1863 - 7/15/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS dated 7/11/1863 from Z. T. Miller to his parents, updating them on the latest news from the campaign, with references to being at the foot of South Mountain Gap, the Union army chasing Robert E. Lee, the casualty statistics of the 61st Ohio, casualties at Gettysburg, news of the capture of Vicksburg, George Gordon Meade issuing a congratulatory order, the prospects of another battle in Maryland, Meade's appearance, camping at Westminster (Maryland), and passing through Frederick (Maryland); sent from camp near Bolivar, Maryland. Also, 1 ALS dated 7/15/1863 from John Buehner? presumably to one of Z. T. Miller's sisters, discussing his involvement in skirmishes near Murfreesboro, Tennessee; sent from Tennessee and labeled "77-A."

Box: 1 Fold: 78 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
7/16/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller. Description of a minor skirmish and of passing through Hagerstown, Maryland. Miller expected fighting to ensue near Williamsport, Maryland and Winchester, Virginia. Passing reference to news of a draft riot in the north. Speculation on why Robert E. Lee's army was allowed to escape after Gettysburg, including rumors that Abraham Lincoln held George Gordon Meade in check despite Oliver Otis Howard's insistence on pursuit. Sent from camp near Berlin, Maryland.

Box: 1 Fold: 79 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
7/26/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents, describing his march to Warrenton, Virginia, through New Baltimore, Virginia. Description of camp life in Warrenton. Mention of war news, including a rumor that Robert E. Lee is in Winchester, Virginia. Commentary on 9-month enlistments and substitutes. Sent from Warrenton Junction, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 80 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
7/29/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents, describing his unit's latest camp. Mention of Carl Schurz going to Warrenton to meet with George Gordon Meade. Reference to hearing news of the capture of John Hunt Morgan in Ohio. Reference to the sentence of a deserter from the New York 45th and to deserters in the New York 157th. Sent from Weaversville, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 81 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
8/15/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents, speculating about the destination of the next march. Mention of John Buford's cavalry heading towards Stafford Court House, Virginia. Other references include Miller's old encampment at Brooks Station, Virginia; Carl Schurz; reports of Confederate calvary at Dumfries, Virginia; and Robert E. Lee's army crossing at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 82 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
8/20/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents, writing that Jeb Stuart's cavalry threatened Manassas Junction by way of Thoroughfare Gap. Mention of troop movements of the 119th New York, the 68th New York, the 61st Ohio, the 75th Pennsylvania. Reference to Carl Schurz, Hector Tyndale, and news that Fort Sumter, South Carolina was breeched. Sent from near Catlett's Station, Virginia.

Box: 1 Fold: 83 Z. T. Miller to Miller, William
8/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his father William Miller, describing his unit's recent frequent changes of camp. References to Oliver Otis Howard's leave of absence; Bristoe Station, Virginia; John Buford battling Jeb Stuart. Discussion of Z. T.'s intention of going to West Point.

Box: 1 Fold: 84 Z. T. Miller to His Sisters
9/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sisters, regarding the number of trains passing through Catlett's Station. Miller expresses hope that George G. Meade will push forward to Richmond. Commentary on Union prospects of winning the war. Sent from Catlett's Station, Virginia. In pen, a note reads, "86-A follows #83."

Box: 1 Fold: 85 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
9/18/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, explaining that he returned from witnessing the execution of a soldier from the 119th New York volunteers. Lengthy discussion of the execution. References to Hector Tyndale shaking the hand of the sentenced man and to the location of Oliver Otis Howard's unit.

Box: 1 Fold: 86 Z. T. Miller to His Sisters
9/21/1863 - 9/23/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS dated 9/23/1863 from Z. T. Miller to his sister, explaining that he expected a raid from Fitzhugh Lee, mentioning the construction of four forts in honor of four Union soldiers who died in recent battles (Fort Peisner, Fort Mahler, Fort Dessaur, and Fort Griffith), and discussing an enclosed circular by Carl Schurz. That particular handwritten circular dated 9/21/1863 signed by Carl Schurz also is retained in this folder, and it reports that intercepted Confederate dispatches suggest Fitzhugh Lee will attack soon and that the 61st Ohio and 143rd New York will be on alert.

Box: 1 Fold: 87 Z. T. Miller to His Sisters
9/1963

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sisters, with news of sickness among the troops, especially the 141st New York.

Box: 1 Fold: 88 Z. T. Miller to His Sisters
10/5/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sisters, indicating that he expects his unit to move to Stevenson, Alabama. Reference to Oliver Otis Howard taking command. Description of an accident involving an exploding shell. Other references include Joseph Hooker establishing headquarters at Stevenson; Braxton Bragg falling back to Atlanta, Georgia, to be joined by some of Robert E. Lee's troops from Virginia; William S. Rosecrans being unlikely to be lured into a trap; George G. Meade having a chance to attack; Clement Vallandigham's chances for election; and criticism of Horatio Seymour. Sent from Bridgeport, Alabama.

Box: 1 Fold: 89 Mallie Miller to Z. T. Miller
10/12/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Mallie Miller to her brother Z. T. Miller, providing family news and news from the home front. Sent from Mason, Ohio.

Box: 1 Fold: 90 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
10/25/1863 - 10/26/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his parents, describing the results of a scouting excursion by the 61st Ohio to Trenton, Georgia. Sent from Bridgeport, Alabama.

Box: 1 Fold: 91 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
10/20/1863

DESCRIPTION: See subsequent entry for Box 1 Folder 91.

Box: 1 Fold: 91 Z. T. Miller to Miller, Ann
10/25/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS dated 10/25/1863 from Z. T. Miller to his mother Ann Miller, with mention of skirmishes and scouting parties in the direction of Trenton, Georgia. References to some in the Army of the Cumberland looking down on those in the Army of the Potomac, Ulysses S. Grant taking command of the department, William S. Rosecrans being removed from command, and Grant passing by on his way to Chattanooga; sent from Bridgeport, Alabama. Also, 1 ALS dated 10/26/1863 from Miller to his mother, predicting a Union attack towards Atlanta, Georgia.

Box: 1 Fold: 92 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
10/20/1863

DESCRIPTION: See subsequent entry for Box 1 Folder 92.

Box: 1 Fold: 92 Z. T. Miller to His Sisters
10/29/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sisters, predicting that Oliver Otis Howard will lead an attack on the Confederates at Trenton, Georgia. Reference to Clement Vallandigham's electoral defeat. Sent from Bridgeport, Alabama.

Box: 1 Fold: 93 Z. T. Miller to His Sister
11/20/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS from Z. T. Miller to his sister, speculating about the relative positions of Union and Confederates in the areas of Chattanooga, Tennessee and Trenton, Georgia. Miller mentions hearing William T. Sherman's cannons. Sent from Lookout Valley, Tennessee. Also, 1 undated ALS from Miller to his sister and mother, requesting reading material and socks.

Box: 1 Fold: 94 Z. T. Miller to His Parents
12/19/1863

DESCRIPTION: 1 ALS dated 12/19/1863 from Z. T. Miller to his parents, describing in thorough detail his unit's recent fighting in Chattanooga, Tennessee, with references to the 2nd Ohio, the 93rd Ohio, William T. Sherman's advance, Lookout Mountain, Joseph Hooker's troops engaging the enemy, Miller being at Fort Wood, and Braxton Bragg. Also, 1 ALS dated 1/5/1864 from Miller to his sisters, with discussion of re-enlistment and bounty furlough. And, 1 ALS dated 1/11/1864 from Miller to his mother, with mention of re-enlistments and furloughs; reference to a censure by Joseph Hooker. All three letters sent from Lookout Valley, Tennessee.

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