The Granger-Teilhard de Chardin Collection

SCOPE: The Granger - Teilhard de Chardin Collection consists of seventeen letters from Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger of the American Museum of Natural History, plus one letter to Roy Chapman Andrews, scientist and explorer.

The letters contain detailed accounts of Teilhard's paleological findings and scientific research, and his comments on the findings and writings of others in the field. These discussions include a number of allusions to research on Peking Man (Sinanthropos), as well as more detailed mention of Teilhard's work on fauna. There are also a number of references to the Sino-Japanese War and its influence on Teilhard's activities.

Extent of the Collection: 1 box of 19 folders .25 linear feet Date Span: 30 August 1924 to 18 February 1936 plus biographical data Provenance: Purchased November 1984

Processed: May 1986 by James Helminski



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

...What a pity that so few people seem to understand that Truth must be searched across and above any narrow personal interest!


Teilhard to Mr. Andrews, 30 August 1924



Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, paleontologist and philosopher, was born 1 May 1881 at Sarcenat, in the Department of Puy de Dôin France, and educated at the College of Mongréin Villefranche-sur-Saô He entered the Society of Jesus in 1899 at Aix-en-
Provence and was ordained a priest in 1911. From 1912-1914 he studied paleontology under Marcellin Boule in Paris.

After a period of teaching in Cairo, service in World War I as a stretcher-bearer, and further teaching at the Institut Catholique in Paris, Teilhard began a series of visits to China. He spent the greater part of the period from 1923 to 1947 in China, Mongolia and Southeast Asia, participating in a number of geological and paleological expeditions. During this period he was involved with the discovery and research on Peking Man
(Sinanthropos), as well as projects on the fauna and artifacts of a number of sites where early Man was found.

Throughout his life, Teilhard published a large number of articles and monographs on his expeditions and research. His best known works, however, are the relatively few, later, philosophical works he wrote to synthesize his paleological research with his Christian faith. Teilhard's most important philosophical work, The Phenomenon of Man, "effected a threefold synthesis--of the material and physical world with the world of mind and spirit; of the past with the future; and of variety with unity, the many with the one" (Sir Julian Huxley).

Because the Church had difficulty understanding his radical synthesis of scientific evolution and theology, Teilhard was forbidden from publishing or lecturing on his philosophy from the 1940's; The Phenomenon of Man was not released until after his death, in 1959. Despite the ecclesiastical disapproval of his philosophy, Teilhard continued to work and to write on scientific subjects. He made a number of trips to South Africa during the 1950's, and worked for a time with the Wenner-Gren Foundation in New York. He died in New York on 10 April 1955.




Box 1 Folder 1
TLS, Teilhard to Mr. Roy Chapman Andrews
2 sheets, 4to
Date: 30 August 1924 Place: Paris (or Tientsin)
Description: Contains one letter relating the results of Teilhard's intercession on behalf of the American Asiatic Expedition with F. [Emile?] Licent, who was involved with paleolithic excavations in Ordos. Teilhard does not have good news to report.


Box 1 Folder 2
TLS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
2 sheets, 4to
Date: 19 December 1930 Place: Paris
Description: Contains a proposal by Teilhard to go through America on his way to Peking. He particularly wants to discuss some paleological questions with Drs. Granger and Berkey, about the Miocene age. Mention is also made of his intention to join an expedition to Kashgar.



Box 1 Folder 3
ALS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
1 sheet, 4to
Date: 20 April 1931 Place: Peking
Description: Contains a short, but detailed, discussion of a fauna identification problem about which Teilhard has just written a paper, involving the Tung Gur and a sheep-like animal possibly related to Oioceros. Mention is made of a delay of Haardt-Citroen Expedition.


Box 1 Folder 4
ALS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
3 sheets, 8vo, 5 sides
Date: 14 February 1932 Place: Peking
Description: Contains one letter dense with references to Teilhard's work, and his reactions to the work of others. Particular mention is made of his excavations near Tien-Shan and the search for fossils. Mention is also made of an article by Ping.


Box 1 Folder 5
TLS w/autograph PS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
2 sheets, 4to
Date: 12 April 1932 Place: Peking
Description: Contains a further discussion of the Ping article on specimens from Tung Gur, with which Teilhard takes issue. Mention is made again of the artiodactyl specimens of Chou-Kou--Tien and of the tool-making of the Sinanthropus.


Box 1 Folder 6
TLS w/autograph PS & Drawing, Teilhard to Dr. Granger
3 sheets, 4to
Date: 15 April 1932 Place: Peking
Description: Contains an excited paleological discussion, brought about by some findings by Granger, on: dating of the Tung Gur in the Miocene and a discussion of the fauna found there, evolution and migration of the Equidae, and specimens in the Gobi desert.


Box 1 Folder 7
TLS w/autograph PS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
2 sheets, 4to, 3 sides
Date: 20 April 1933 Place: Peking
Description: Contains a short discussion of the dispersion of museum pieces and paleological specimens from Peking on account of the Sino-Japanese War. Significant mention is also made of the work of other paleontologists, and of Teilhard's need for some sketches to help him identify a specimen.


Box 1 Folder 8
ALS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
1 sheet, 4to, 3 sides
Date: 23 August 1933 Place: Berkeley, California
Description: Contains a description of Teilhard's current activities in America, as he is staying with Dr. [Charles] Camp, after a conference he had attended in Washington. Mention is also made of a specific beaver specimen that Teilhard proposes to leave with a Stirton.


Box 1 Folder 9
ALS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
2 sheets, 4to, 3 sides
Date: 5 November 1933 Place: Peking
Description: Contains a description of Teilhard's activities after his return to China, especially regarding the Chou-Kou-Tien project and the many varities of fossils found there. Mention is also made of the political situation in China.


Box 1 Folder 10
TLS, w/autograph PS & Drawing, Teilhard to Dr. Granger
1 sheet, 4to, 2 sides
Date: 5 March 1934 Place: Peking
Description: Contains a mention of Teilhard's new edition of his findings on Teng Gur, a revision of the Lamprotula by Bien involving the Teng Gur data, plus mention of Barbour and Chou--Kou-Tien. Also includes a drawing of an animal tooth by Teilhard.


Box 1 Folder 11
TLS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
1 sheet, 4to
Date: 19 March 1934 Place: Peking
Description: Contains news of the death of Teilhard's colleague Davidson Black, and the affect his passing will have on the the anthropological work in Peking, especially regarding Sinanthropus.


Box 1 Folder 12
TLS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
1 sheet, 4to, 2 sides
Date: 18 October 1934 Place: Peking
Description: Contains a description of Teilhard's current activities, including field work in the Yangtze Valley and Hunan, and Chou-Kou-Tien. Includes a discussion of fauna found at Chou-Kou-Tien, particularly a hyaena, and of Sinanthropus. Mention of Dr. Franz Weidenreich's arrival to replace the late Davidson Black.


Box 1 Folder 13
TLS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
1 sheet, 4to
Date: 25 July 1935 Place: Paris
Description: Contains a short discussion comparing specimens of artiodactyla found by others with those from Tung Gur. Also mentions Teilhard's concern over the political situation in China, specifically as it affects the Peking laboratories and Museums.


Box 1 Folder 14
TLS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
1 sheet, 4to
Date: 8 August 1936 Place: Peking?
Description: Contains a short discussion of some difficulty in sending specimens to America. Also mention of a geological trip to Shantung, some discoveries of Dinosaurian specimens, and further pieces of Sinanthropus .


Box 1 Folder 15
ALS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
1 sheet, 4to, 2 sides
Date: 8 November 1935 Place: Punjab
Description: Contains Teilhard's condolences on the death of Prof. [Henry] Osborne. Also contains a description of his trip from China to India and an explanation of his work there. A description of findings related to human communities and tool use is also included.


Box 1 Folder 16
TLS w/autogrgaph PS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
2 sheets, 4to
Date: 18 February 1936 Place: Peking
Description: Contains a detailed description of Teilhard's activities in India and Java, including specific discussion of the divisions of the Siwaliks in India and its fauna, the many fossils found in Java with von Koenigswald, and more on artiodactyla from Shantung.


Box 1 Folder 17
TLS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
1 sheet, 4to
Date: 27 March 1935 Place: [Nanking?]
Description: Contains a question concerning new finds at Hopei, as well as a description of Teilhard's findings in caves at Kwangsi. Also a futher discussion of findings at Chou-Kou-Tien, especially regarding Sinanthropus. Also mention of Teilhard's travel plans.


Box 1 Folder 18
TLS w/autograph PS, Teilhard to Dr. Walter Granger
1 sheet, 4to, 2 sides
Date: 17 June 1935 Place: Paris
Description: Contains a description of work being done by Young in Shantung, with specific mention of deer specimens. Also mention of Sinanthropus discovery at Chou-Kou--Tien, von Koenigswald in Java, and Teilhard's return via Bombay. Mention is also made of the Japanese presence.


Box 1 Folder 19
Photocopies of Biographical Data on Teilhard
4 articles: 13 pp.
Date: 1962, 1967, undated
Description: Contains biographical data on Teilhard from Encyclopedia Britannica, Dictionary of Scientific Biography, and Letters from a Traveller, and a bibliography [from Teilhard de Chardin, A Biography, by Robert Speaight].



INDEX
Abyssinia 1 7
Ailuropus 1 7
Aksu (China) 1 4
Altai 1 6
Amblycastor 1 8
- 1 9
American Asiatic Expedition 1 1
- 1 5
American Museum of Natural History 1 7
- 1 1
Anchitherium 1 6
Andrews, Roy Chapman 1 1
Arambourg, Prof. [ ] 1 7
Artifacts 1 9
- 1 12
- 1 15
- 1 17
Artiodactyla 1 4
- 1 5
- 1 6
- 1 17
- 1 15
- 1 16
Barbour, [George] 1 10
- 1 12
Berkey, [ ] 1 2
Bien, [Eddie] 1 10
Bighorn Basin (America) 1 8
Black, [Davidson] 1 9
Death of 1 11
Bohlin, [Dr. Birger] 1 4
- 1 7
Boule, Prof. [Marcellin] 1 1
- 1 7
Breuil, AbbéHenri 1 4
- 1 5
- 1 17

Buffelus 1 5
Calcutta 1 15
Camelus 1 5
Camp, Dr. [Charles] 1 8
- 1 9
- 1 14
Castoridae 1 8
Cenozoic Laboratory 1 10
- 1 13
Cenozoic, Late 1 7
Cervus 1 9
Cervus boulei 1 10
Chalicotheria 1 10
- 1 14
- 1 16
- 1 13
- 1 17
- 1 18
- 1 6
Chentu 1 12
Chou-Kou-Tien 1 12
- 1 10
- 1 15
- 1 17
- 1 4
- 1 5
- 1 7
- 1 9
Colbert, [ ] 1 13
- 1 18
Comity for Preservation of Chinese Antiquities 1 14
Cynocephalus 1 10
Dinosauria 1 4
- 1 6
- 1 7
- 1 9
- 1 14
Dinotherium 1 6
Abyssinia 1 7
Dokh Pathan 1 16
Drawing 1 10
Equidae 1 6
Equus 1 9
Euryceroid Deer 1 10
Euryceros 1 5
Frick, [Childs?] 1 5
- 1 9
Gobi Desert 1 6
See Also Tung Gur
Gochu Gravels 1 6
Grabau, [Dr. Amadeus W.] 1 8
- 1 7
- 1 12
- 1 18
Haardt-Citroen Expedition 1 2
- 1 3
- 1 7
Hami 1 7
Harbin Fauna 1 10
Hedin, [Sven] 1 4
- 1 17
Hedin Expedition 1 6
Hipparion 1 18
- 1 6
- 1 13
Hipparion Beds 1 16
Hommes Fossiles 1 7
Hopei Excavation 1 17
Huang Ho 1 12
Hunan 1 12
Hyaena 1 17
Szechuan 1 7
Hyaena ultima 1 9
- 1 12
India 1 15
- 1 16
Java 1 15
- 1 16
Jurassic 1 4
Kalgan 1 7
Kansu 1 6
Kashgar (China) 1 2
Kashmir 1 15
King, S. 1 4
- 1 10
Kiukiang 1 12
Kwangsi 1 17
Kwei-hua 1 9
Lalaeomeryx 1 13
Lamprotula (genus) 1 4
- 1 5
Lamprotula-Quadrula 1 10
Lanchow Basin 1 6
Li Chi 1 7
Licent, [Emile] 1 1
Listriodon 1 6
- 1 10
Lutzukeou Formation 1 6
Manchukeou 1 7
Matthews, Prof. [W.D.]
Death of 1 2
Mesozoic Acid Intrusions 1 2
Mesozoic 1 6
Miocene 1 2
- 1 6
- 1 13
- 1 18
America 1 8
Mongolia 1 10
- 1 9
Moropus 1 10
Morris, Fred 1 12
Moschidae 1 6
Moschus primaevus 1 17
Nanking
Survey's move to 1 16
Narbada Fauna 1 16
Nihowan 1 10
- 1 14
Norin, [Erik] 1 4
- 1 6
- 1 7
Oioceros 1 3
Oligocene 1 6
Orang 1 17
Ordos Desert (Mongolia) 1 1
Osborn, [Henry?] 1 6
Death of 1 15
Ovibovidae 1 5
Palaeomeryx 1 17
Paleolithic 1 1
Ping, [ ] 1 4
- 1 5
Pinjaur 1 16
Planorbis 1 5
Platybelodon 1 6
Platybelodon Beds 1 2
Pleistocene- 1 6
- 1 6
- 1 10
Pleistocene, Late
Fauna 1 9
Pleistocene Series 1 15
Pleistocene, Upper 1 17
Plesiogulo 1 7
Pliocene 1 18
Pliocene, Late 1 10
Pliocene, Lower 1 3
Political Situation in China 1 9
- 1 13
- 1 18
Pontian Cycles 1 6
Postschizotherium 1 10
Postschizotherium chardini 1 14
Psittacosaurus 1 6
Redwood Highway (America) 1 8
Rhinoceros 1 17
Rockefellar Foundation 1 11
- 1 13
- 1 15
- 1 16
Rodentia 1 9
- 1 10
- 1 10
Sanmenian 1 6
- 1 15
Schlosser
SäChinas 1 3
Shansi 1 14
Shansi Mountains 1 18
Shantung 1 14
- 1 18
Miocene 1 16
Sinanthropus 1 18
- 1 16
- 1 14
- 1 12
- 1 11
- 1 17
- 1 5
- 1 9
Sinkiang 1 5
- 1 6
- 1 7
- 1 9
Sino-Japanese War 1 7
Siwaliks 1 4
- 1 13
- 1 16
Upper 1 6
Spirocerus 1 5
Stegodon 1 17
Java 1 14
Stegosauria 1 9
Stephanoceros 1 13
Stirton, [ ] 1 8
- 1 9
Stone Tools 1 4
- 1 5
- 1 9
- 1 12
- 1 15
Sungari Basin 1 10
Sus 1 5
Szechuan
Cretaceous 1 14
Fissures 1 9
Tarim Basin 1 6
- 1 7
Tatrot 1 16
Terra, [Helmut de] 1 15
- 1 16
Terrace Culture 1 16
Tertiary 1 12
Tertiary Formations 1 2
Tertiary, Late 1 4
Theramorpha 1 9
- 1 14
Tien Shan 1 4
- 1 6
Tientsin Museum 1 1
Tsaidan (China) 1 7
- 1 4
Tsinling 1 12
Tung Gar (Gobi Desert, Mongolia) 1 3
- 1 5
- 1 6
- 1 8
- 1 9
- 1 10
- 1 13
- 1 16
- 1 18
Unionidae 1 5
Urumtsi (China) 1 4
Villafranchian 1 15
Viverra 1 7
Von Koenigswald 1 14
- 1 16
- 1 18
Weidenreich, Dr. Franz 1 12
- 1 15
- 1 16
- 1 17
- 1 13
Wolf Camp 1 6
- 1 13
Wong, Dr. [ ] 1 10
Yangtze Basin
Field Work 1 12
Yellow River
Sanmenian Terraces 1 5
Yellowstone (America) 1 8
Yenchingkou 1 12
Yeng, T.C. 1 5
Young, [C.C.] 1 4
- 1 6
- 1 18
Yuan, [ ] 1 4
- 1 7
- 1 9
Yunnan Caves 1 17


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