The Liege Jesuit Manuscript Text Collection

"...Remember that the purpose of a scholastic at his studies in the college is to learn, to acquire that knowledge with which he can serve God's greater glory and be of help to his neighbor."
Ignatius Loyola to Antonio Brandao
1 June 1551

The Liege Jesuit Manuscript Text Collection consists of manuscript volumes used by students in the English College at Liege between 1660 and 1730. All but one of the volumes cover specific subjects in theology, and probably fairly represent the Jesuit theology curriculum at Liege. Most titles occur at least twice and others as many as three times, a significant consideration, even in a collection of this size.

Most of the sections of the present texts were presumably copied from a master text, written by the professor of a particular course. These copies would have been written out by the individual students to be used later for study.

Other sections of these texts appear to be notes written during the lectures themselves, and recopied later for further study. This second type of text sometimes includes a marginal reference indicating the name of the professor, rather than the "au(c)tore" or "tradita a" usually used to indicate the author of a work or the professor of a course. Some of the volumes are mixtures of these two types of texts, and some include condensations of larger works of the first kind, which perhaps cover only the ideas needed to pass the exam in the subject.

The collection consists of fifteen volumes containing forty-three different sections, and can be divided into three series by their dates. Volumes 3, 4, and 5 are the earliest, and seem to form a distinct group, judging by their bindings and penmanship, and by the authors represented. Volumes 1 and 2 come next chronologically, using the authors as a guide, and of course by the dates listed in them. The last ten volumes seem to form a more or less uniform series by the authors represented, though the bindings and hands vary.

In these last ten volumes, only seven authors are represented, all of whom taught at Liege between 1660 and 1720, and at least four of whom were at Liege at the same time, about 1702-04. At any rate, all these men travelled in the network of English Jesuit schools in the Low Countries (St.Omers, Watten, Ghent, Liege and Louvain), and most likely knew each other, if only as acquaintances. Biographical sketches of all the authors and professors mentioned in the entire collection follow this introduction.

The provenance of these volumes is itself a fascinating problem, though some tenuous deductions may be attempted. The odd volume of the collection, the Tractatus de Horographia Sphraeae armillaris..., has an interesting inscription on the last page of the text. It reads: "Ex dono autori, P. Edv. Slaughter.18 Junii. an. 1726. Leodii." This inscription is probably in the hand of one Arnold Livers, a native of Maryland who entered the Society of Jesus at Watten in 1724. If he followed the usual pattern of English-speaking Jesuits at this time, he probably then studied at Liege before returning to Maryland (though his activities before returning are documented neither in the Maryland Province Archives nor in the Records of the English Province S.J.).

There are many interesting details in these volumes, but a few deserve special attention. For example, the printed texts listed in Volume 3 are announcements circulated before a doctoral defense of Theology, and lists those defending as well as the professor presiding over the event. The theses to be defended are then described in the text of the pamphlet.

Also of interest are the different representations of the same subject. A worthwhile study might compare the treatment of the same subject by the different professors, or discuss the change in treatment over time. If other similar texts are extant for other schools, or systems of schools, in Europe at this time, one might discover in these English volumes a peculiarly English attitude toward, say, "Law and Justice," because of the difficult position of the English Catholics at that time.

Georgetown also owns printed works by at least two of the authors represented here: The Arithmetica by Edward Slaughter, and the Trigometria Plana et Sphaerica by James Gooden, both of which are mentioned by Foley in the Records,S.J.. Both these works are also housed in the Special Collections Division.

Extent of Collection: 15 volumes in 2 boxes, .75 linear feet
Provenance: Georgetown College Library, Riggs Library, Special Collections Division
Date Span: ca.1660 to 1730

Processed: 25 March 1985
by James Helminski

CONTENTS OF THE VOLUMES

Volume: 1 Section: 1
Studium...Philosophicum
Author: not indicated
in Latin (one Grk.word) 1682
pp. 1-30.

Volume: 1 Section: 2
Conclusiones Theologicae de Peccatis et Gratia
Author: not indicated
in Latin 1682
pp. 33-373.

Volume: 1 Section: 3
Questiones Theologicae propugnata in Theologia Schola
Author: not indicated
in Latin 1682
pp. 374-384.

Volume: 1 Section: 4
Disputationes Theologicae de Anglicano Iuramento Fidelita tis...
Author: not indicated
in Latin ca.1682
pp. 387-473.

Volume: 1 Section: 5
...de Sacerdotibus
Professor: Montefr[]
in Latin 1682-3
pp. 475-483.

Volume: 1 Section: 6
Controversiae anni 1682 et 3
Professor: Sanders, Francis
in Latin 1682-3
pp. 483-486.

Volume: 1 Section: 7
Controversiae anni 1683 et 4
Professor: Preston, William
in Latin 1683-4
pp.486-495.

Volume: 1 Section: 8
Controversiae anni 1683 et 4
Professor: Preston, William
in Latin 1683-4
p. 491.

Volume: 1 Section: 9
Casus anni 1684 et 5
Professor: Wakeman, Joseph
in Latin 1684-5
pp. 492-497.

Volume: 2 Section: 1
Controversiae pro anno 1683 et 4
Professor: not indicated
in Latin 1683-4
pp. [1-3].

Volume: 2 Section: 2
Questiones Repetendae
Professor: not indicated
in Latin ca.1683
p. [4].

Volume: 2 Section: 3
Puncta in Examine
Professor: not indicated
in Latin ca.1683
p. [5].

Volume: 2 Section: 4
De Fide, Spe, et Charitate
Author: not indicated
in Latin 1683
pp. 1-294.

Volume: 2 Section: 5
Conclusiones...
Author: not indicated
in Latin ca.1683
pp. 294-[296].

Volume: 2 Section: 6
Conclusiones
Author: not indicated
in Latin ca.1683
pp. 298-314.


Volume: 3 Section: 1
Disputationes Theologicae de Sacramentis
Author: Persall, John
in Latin 24 July 1674
pp. 1-191.

Volume: 3 Section: 2
De Jure et Justitia
Author: [Williams, Francis]
in Latin May 1672
pp. 1-291.

Volume: 3 Section: 3
Printed text: Conclusiones ex Universa Theologia
Printer: Streel, G.H.
in Latin 13 June 1672
pp. [1-20].

Volume: 3 Section: 4
Disputationes Scholastica de Deo...Incarnatione
Author: [Persall, John]
in Latin 1673
pp. 1-171.

Volume: 3 Section: 5
Printed text: Conclusiones ex Universa Theologia
Printer: Streel, G.H.
in Latin 15 May 1673
pp. [1-20].

Volume: 4 Section: 1
Controversia 1a de Nobis Eccclesia
Author: not indicated
in Latin w/Greek quotes ca.1675
pp. 1-534, [13]pp.

Volume: 5 Section: 1
Controversia 10a de Sacramento Paenitentia et Confessione
Author: not indicated
in Latin w/Greek quotes ca.1675
pp. 1-422, [2]pp.

Volume: 6 Section: 1
Tractatus de Incarnatione
Author: Gooden, John
in Latin 24 July 1713
pp. 1-374, [3]pp.

Volume: 7 Section: 1
Tractatus 1us de SSS. Trinitate
Author: Vaughan, Richard
in Latin 24 July 1713
pp. 1-139.

Volume: 7 Section: 2
Tractatus 2us de Actibus Humanis
Author: Vaughan, Richard
in Latin 24 July 1713
pp. 141-374, [5]pp.


Volume: 8 Section: 1
De Deo
Author: not specified
in Latin ca.1710
pp. 1-67.

Volume: 8 Section: 2
Compendium Tractatus de Sanctissima Trinitate
Author: Parker, Thomas
in Latin ca.1710
pp. 67-88.

Volume: 8 Section: 3
Compendium Tractatus de Actibus Humanis
Author: Parker, Thomas
in Latin ca.1710
pp.88-176.

Volume: 8 Section: 4
Compendium Tractatus de Peccatis
Author: Plowden, Richard
in Latin ca.1710
pp. 177-194.

Volume: 8 Section: 5
Compendium Tractatus de Fide
Author: Plowden, Richard
in Latin ca.1710
pp. 195-271.

Volume: 8 Section: 6
Compendium Tractatus de Jure et Justitia
Author: Slaughter, Edward
in Latin ca.1710
pp. 272-331.

Volume: 8 Section: 7
Compendium Tractatus de Incarnatione
Author: Slaughter, Edward
in Latin ca.1710
pp. 332-379.

Volume: 8 Section: 8
Compendium Tractatus de Sacramentis in Genere
Author: Slaughter, Edward
in Latin ca.1710
pp. 380-413.

Volume: 8 Section: 9
Compendium Tractatus de SS. Eucharistia Sacramenta
Author: Slaughter, Edward
in Latin ca.1710
pp. 414-442.

Volume: 8 Section: 10
Compendium Tractatus de Penitentia
Author: Slaughter, Edward
in Latin ca.1710
pp. 443-516.

Volume: 8 Section: 11
Propo[sition]es Damnatae ab [various Popes]
Author: not indicated
in Latin ca.1710
pp. 517-35.

Volume: 9 Section: 1
Tractatus de Fide
Author: not clear
in Latin ca.1710
pp. 1-364.

Volume: 10 Section: 1
Tractatus de Justitia et Jure
Author: Musson, John
in Latin 24 July 1716
pp. 1-366.

Volume: 11 Section: 1
Tractatus de Sacramentis
Author: Musson, John
in Latin ca.1715
[2]pp., pp. 1-309, [46]pp.

Volume: 12 Section: 1
Tractatus de Deo
Author: Vaughan, Richard
in Latin 24 July 1716
pp. 1-367.

Volume: 13 Section: 1
Tractatus de Penitentia
Author: Musson, John
in Latin ca.1715
pp. 1-357, [2]pp.

Volume: 14 Section: 1
Tractatus de Horographia...de Sphaera
Author: Slaughter, Edward
in Latin 18 July 1726
pp. 1-102, [4]pp., 11 figures.

Volume: 15 Section: 1
Tractatus de Gratia et Peccato
Author: not indicated
in Latin ca.1715
pp. 1-355.

DESCRIPTIONS OF THE VOLUMES

Volume: 1
Spine Title: [No spine title]
497 pp. Index: p. 33, p. 387. Description: full bound in vellum, no spine or cover titles: 13.5cm.
Notes: none
Provenance: Riggs Library, Georgetown,D.C. stamp on flyleaf verso


Volume: 2
Spine Title: [No Spine title]
[13] pp., 294 pp., [20] pp. Index: precedes text
Description: full bound in vellum, no spine or cover titles: 13.5cm.
Notes: none
Provenance: Georgetown College stamp, second leaf verso.

Volume: 3
Spine Title: R.P. Fr. GULIE/ DE IURE & IUS/ RP. IOA. PERS// DE SACRAME/ & INCARNA
291 pp., [20] pp., 171 pp., [20] pp. Index:none
Description: full bound calf, gilt, front cover is de tached; 20cm.
Notes: printed sections are included
Provenance: Maryland Mission of the English Province, S.J., Georgetown College stamp, p. 1.

Volume: 4
Spine Title: CONTROV[]/ TOM I.
534 pp., [13] pp. Index: precedes text Description: full bound calf, gilt; 16cm.
Notes: has marginal scriptural references
Provenance: Georgetown College stamp, p.[1] of index.

Volume: 5
Spine Title: CONTROV[]/ TOM II
422 pp., [2] pp. Index: none Description: full bound calf, gilt, front cover detached; 16cm.
Notes: has marginal scriptural references
Provenance: Georgetown College stamp, p. 1.

Volume: 6
Spine Title: DE/ INCARNATIO
374 pp., [3] pp. Index: follows text Description: full bound sheep, gilt; 16cm.
Notes:
Provenance: Georegtown College stamp, p. 1, symbol 3E.55 on inside fr. cover.


Volume: 7
Spine Title: DE TRINITA[]/ ET ACTIB[]/ HUMANIS
374 pp., [5] pp. Index: follows text Description: full bound sheep, gilt, spine partly missing; 16cm.
Notes:
Provenance: Georgetown College stamp, p. 1. symbol 3E. 56 on inside fr. cover

Volume: 8
Spine Title: THEOLOGICAL/ MANUSCRIPT
535 pp. Index: none Description: quarter bound in calf and blue buckram, gilt, modern; 16cm.
Notes:
Provenance: Georgetown College stamp, p. 1.

Volume: 9
Spine Title: DE FIDE
364 pp. Index: none Description: full bound sheep, gilt, front cover missing, marbled endpapers; 16cm.
Notes:
Provenance: Georgetown College stamp, p. 1.

Volume: 10
Spine Title: DE/ JUSTITIA/ ET JURE
366 pp. Index: none Description: full bound sheep, gilt; 16cm.
Notes: latin verses on flyleaf verso.
Provenance: Georegtown College stamp, p. 1 . symbol 3E.52 on inside fr. cover

Volume: 11
Spine Title: DE/ SACRAMENT
[2] pp., 309 pp., [46] pp. Index: precedes text Description: full bound sheep, gilt; 16cm.
Notes:
Provenance: Gerogetown College stamp, p. 1 of index, symbol 3E.54 on inside cov.

Volume: 12
Spine Title: DE DEO
367 pp., [1] pp. Index: none Description: full bound sheep; 16cm.
Notes: French poem follows text
Provenance: Georgetown College stamp p. 1. symbol 3E.51 on inside fr. cover.

Volume: 13
Spine Title: DE/ POENITENT
357 pp.,[2] pp. Index: p.357 Description: full bound calf, gilt, with marbled endpapers; 16cm.
Notes:
Provenance: Georgetown College stamp, p.1.

Volume: 14
Spine Title: DE HORO/ GRAPHIA
102 pp., [4] pp. Index: none Description: full bound sheep, gilt; 16cm.
Notes: 11 figures follow the numbered text
Provenance: From the author to Arnold Livers? Georgetown College stamp, p. 1.

Volume: 15
Spine Title: [Spine missing]
355 pp. Index: none Description: full bound sheep; 16cm.
Notes:
Provenance: Georgetown College stamp, p. 1. symbol 3E.57 on inside fr. cover


INDEX OF AUTHORS AND PROFESSORS


Gooden, John Volume: 6 Section: 1
Tractatus de Incarnatione

Montefr[] Volume: 1 Section: 5
...de Sacerdotibus

Musson, John Volume: 11 Section: 1
Tractatus de Sacramentis

Musson, John Volume: 13 Section: 1
Tractatus de Penitentia

Musson, John Volume: 10 Section: 1
Tractatus de Justitia et Jure

Parker, Thomas Volume: 8 Section: 3
Compendium Tractatus de Actibus Humanis


Parker, Thomas Volume: 8 Section: 2
Compendium Tractatus de Sanctissima Trinitate

Persall, John Volume: 3 Section: 1
Disputationes Theologicae de Sacramentis

[Persall, John] Volume: 3 Section: 4
Disputationes Scholastica de Deo...Incarnatione

Plowden, Richard Volume: 8 Section: 4
Compendium Tractatus de Peccatis

Plowden, Richard Volume: 8 Section: 5
Compendium Tractatus de Fide

Preston, William Volume: 1 Section: 7
Controversiae anni 1683 et 4

Preston, William Volume: 1 Section: 8
Controversiae anni 1683 et 4

Sanders, Francis Volume: 1 Section: 6
Controversiae anni 1682 et 3

Slaughter, Edward Volume: 8 Section: 7
Compendium Tractatus de Incarnatione

Slaughter, Edward Volume: 8 Section: 8
Compendium Tractatus de Sacramentis in Genere

Slaughter, Edward Volume: 8 Section: 9
Compendium Tractatus de SS. Eucharistia Sacramenta

Slaughter, Edward Volume: 8 Section: 10
Compendium Tractatus de Penitentia

Slaughter, Edward Volume: 8 Section: 6
Compendium Tractatus de Jure et Justitia

Slaughter, Edward Volume: 14 Section: 1
Tractatus de Horographia...de Sphaera

Streel, G.H.[Printer] Volume: 3 Section: 3
Printed text: Conclusiones ex Universa Theologia

Streel, G.H.[Printer] Volume: 3 Section: 5
Printed text: Conclusiones ex Universa Theologia

Vaughan, Richard Volume: 7 Section: 2
Tractatus 2us de Actibus Humanis

Vaughan, Richard Volume: 7 Section: 1
Tractatus 1us de SSS. Trinitate

Vaughan, Richard Volume: 12 Section: 1
Tractatus de Deo

Wakeman, Joseph Volume: 1 Section: 9
Casus anni 1684 et 5

[Williams, Francis] Volume: 3 Section: 2
De Jure et Justitia


TEXTS WITHOUT DESIGNATED AUTHORS


Volume: 1 Section: 1
Studium...Philosophicum

Volume: 1 Section: 2
Conclusiones Theologicae de Peccatis et Gratia

Volume: 1 Section: 3
Questiones Theologicae propugnata in Theologia Schola

Volume: 1 Section: 4
Disputationes Theologicae de Anglicano Iuramento Fideli tatis dict ...

Volume: 2 Section: 1
Controversiae pro anno 1683 et 4

Volume: 2 Section: 2
Questiones Repetendae

Volume: 2 Section: 3
Puncta in Examine

Volume: 2 Section: 4
De Fide, Spe, et Charitate

Volume: 2 Section: 5
Conclusiones...

Volume: 2 Section: 6
Conclusiones

Volume: 4 Section: 1
Controversia 1a de Nobis Eccclesia

Volume: 5 Section: 1
Controversia 10a de Sacramento Poenitentia et Confessione

Volume: 8 Section: 1
De Deo

Volume: 8 Section: 11
Propo[sition]es Damnatae ab [various Popes]

Volume: 9 Section: 1
Tractatus de Fide

Volume: 15 Section: 1
Tractatus de Gratia et Peccato


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