The Raphael-Teilhard Collection

INTRODUCTION

Ces gens-là(les théromains)..., en sont encore àavant Galil ພ: ils ne comprennent pas que l'Univers, tel que tout le monde (suf eux) le voit aujord'hui, a une "organicité" qui interdit certaines imaginations...

---tout en ouvrant par compensation ànotre pensພdes possibilit émagnifiques de solutions nouvelles.

Teilhard to Mme. Raphael, 30 August 1950

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, paleontologist and philosopher, was born 1 May 1881 at Sarcenat, in the Department of Puy de Dôin France, and educated at the College of Mongréin Villefranche-sur-Saô He entered the Society of Jesus in 1899 at Aix-en-

Provence and was ordained a priest in 1911. From 1912-1914 he studied paleontology under Marcellin Boule in Paris.

After a period of teaching in Cairo, service in World War I as a stretcher-bearer, and further teaching at the Institut Catholique in Paris, Teilhard began a series of visits to China. He spent the greater part of the period from 1923 to 1947 in China, Mongolia and Southeast Asia, participating in a number of geological and paleological expeditions. During this period he was involved with the discovery and research on Peking Man (Sinanthropos), as well as projects on the fauna and artifacts of a number of sites where early Man was found.

Throughout his life, Teilhard published a large number of articles and monographs on his expeditions and research. His best known works, however, are the relatively few, later, philosophical works he wrote to synthesize his paleological research with his Christian faith. Teilhard's most important philosophical work, The Phenomenon of Man, "effected a threefold synthesis--of the material and physical world with the world of mind and spirit; of the past with the future; and of variety with unity, the many with the one" (Sir Julian Huxley).

Because the Church had difficulty understanding his radical synthesis of scientific evolution and theology, Teilhard was forbidden from publishing or lecturing on his philosophy from the 1940's; The Phenomenon of Man was not released until after his death, in 1959. Despite the ecclesiastical disapproval of his philosophy, Teilhard continued to work and to write on scientific subjects. He made a number of trips to South Africa during the 1950's, and worked for a time with the Wenner-Gren Foundation in New York. He died in New York on 10 April 1955.

The Raphael - Teilhard de Chardin Collection consists of thirty-seven letters, a manuscript drawing, two typed manuscripts, and a number of offprints on evolution and anthropology, all from the collection of Mrs. Francoise Raphael, an old friend of Teilhard from his early days in China.

These letters are an important source for tracing Teilhard's movements during the 1940's, and also for the many expressions of his philosophy found in them. In a number of letters, Teilhard describes his thoughts on a new, broader "Science of Man" to replace anthropology; one can also find expressions of his disappointment with the Church's view of his philosophy.

Extent of the Collection: 1 box of 45 folders; .5 linear feet
Date Span: 20 January 1938 to 24 December 1950, plus undated items from the same period
Provenance: Gift of Mrs. Paul (Francoise) Raphael
12 February 1985
Processed: May 1986 by James Helminski

FOLDER REGISTER
Box 1 Folder 1
ALS, Teilhard to M. & Mme. Paul Raphael
January 20, 1938: from Burma
Description: Contains a description of a trip from Peking to Burma by Teilhard, including a short outline of his work in the Irrawaddy valley, specifically a find of old paleolithic date, and a quaternary stratum. Mention is also made of the Russians and Japanese.


Box 1 Folder 2
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
April 12, 1938: from Singapore
Description: Contains a description of Teilhard's travel plans from Singapore to Batavia, and his desire to return as soon as possible to Peking.

-
Box -1 Folder 3
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
February 14, 1943: (No Place)
Description: Contains Teilhard's condolences on the death of his friend and colleague Paul Raphael, and his attempts to comfort Francoise.


Box 1 Folder 4
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
February 13, 1944: (No Place)
Description: Contains Teilhard's thoughts on the First Anniversary of the death of Paul Raphael.


Box- 1 Folder 5
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
November 30, 1944: from Shanghai
Description: Contains mention of the preparation for publication of a " Bibliographie de Mammifèfossils de Chine," on which Teilhard collaborated with Pierre LeRoy, S.J. There is also mention of another mss, "given to Auron." Fr. LeRoy also sends his regards at the bottom of the letter.


Box 1 Folder 6
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
February 12, 1945: (No Place)
Description: Contains Teilhard's thoughts on the Second Anniversary of the death of Paul Raphael.


Box 1 Folder 7
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
September 11, 1945: from [Peking ?]
Description: On the stationery of the Institut de Geobiologie, contains mention of two works planned by Teilhard: one on "Le Planetisation [ humaine]," and the other "Une orientation nouvelle de la Mystique: l'amour de l'é"


Box 1 Folder 8
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
September 15, 1945: from [Peking ?]
Description: On the stationery of the Institut de Geobiologie, Teilhard writes of his hopes after the end of the Second World War, and discusses the future.


Box 1 Folder 9
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
September 23, 1945: from [Peking ?]
Description: On the stationery of the Institut de Geobiologie, Teilhard writes of his pleasure at Mme. Raphael's imminent return. He also writes that he is finishing War and Peace, and discusses it in the context of the just ended War.


Box 1 Folder -10
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
February 12, 1946: from [Peking ?]
Description: On the stationery of the Institut de Geobiologie, Teilhard writes his annual thoughts on the anniversary of the death of Paul Raphael.


Box 1 Folder- 11
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
March 17, [1946]: from Shanghai
Description: Contains Teilhard's description of his trip to Shanghai and his activities there. Includes mentions of Fr. Germain, a Filliol, Mme. Derman <?>, Mme. Mabille, a Pifaretti and an Arthur.

Box- 1 Folder 12
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael, c/o Mr. Bar
March 26, 1946: from Shanghai
Description: Contains Teilhard's regards as he prepares to take the Strathmore to Europe. He regrets that he will not now be passing through America, and that he and Mme. Raphael cannot now travel together.


Box 1 Folder 13
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
June 2, 1946: from Paris
Description: Contains Teilhard's acknowlegement of letters from Mme. Raphael, and his own regards from Paris. Mention is made of a number of other Peking alumni, who are also in Paris: Dubois, Geoffrey Dechmann, Bucy, Duperron, Baudet, Brial, Beauroy, Fauré


Box- 1 Folder 14
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
September 23, 1946: from Paris
Description: Contains further news from Teilhard about doings in Paris, including meetings with Geoffrey Dechmann, Cosme, Cpt. Meyer, the Baissegons <?>, Paulette Beaulieu, and a dinner meeting with Julian Huxley.


Box 1 Folder- 15
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
August 30, 1946: from Clermont-Ferrand
Description: Contains a description of Teilhard's vacation, and a discussion of his apprehension over the "question of the publication of his book ( The Phenomenon of Man)." He also mentions a visit with the new Father General of the Society of Jesus, upon which much depends for him.


Box 1 Folder 16
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
July 30, 1947: from Paris ?
Description: On the stationery of É, Teilhard writes of his condition and state of mind (after the heart attack he suffered on 1 June); he writes that he will stay until the 20th of August, but that he has no plans through November.


Box 1 Folder 17
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
September 9, 1947: from St. Germain
Description: Contains Teilhard's description of his activities, his stay at St. Germain, and his Doctor's satisfaction at his recovery.


Box 1 Folder 18
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
October 2, 1947: from St. Germain
Description: Contains a short note from Teilhard, telling of his imminent departure from St. Germain with Pierre Leroy to Paris to resume his normal activities, after resting after his heart attack.


Box 1 -Folder 19
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
December 30, 1946: from Paris
Description: Contains a short note from Teilhard, who writes that there is nothing new to report regarding himself. Mention is also made of Leroy and Colette [Bertrand].


Box 1 Folder 20
TLS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
January 2, 1948: from Paris
Description: Contains Teilhard's descrption of events in Paris, including his meetings with friends and the completion of his portrait, done by Edm ພde la Rochefoucault.


Box 1 Folder 21
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
March 15, 1948: from New York
Description: On the stationery of America, contains Teilhard's description of meetings with friends, including Childs Frick, Renພ Otto, Poney Burchart & Malvina Hoffman. Also includes a very interesting discussion of Teilhard's understanding of the science of Anthropolopgy.


Box- 1 Folder 22
TLS w/autograph P.S., Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
October 1, 1948: from Paris
Description: On the stationery of É, contains a short note telling of Teilhard's imminent departure for Rome.

Box 1 Folder 23
TLS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
December 19, 1948: from Paris
Description: Contains a short discussion of Teilhard's philosophy of the evolution of Man, his difficulty in discussing his ideas because of ecclesiastical disapproval, and his continuing to write nonetheless. " C'est trèamusant de faire l'underground work," he writes


Box 1 Folder 24
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
April 21, 1949: (No Place)
Description: Contains a short note telling of Teilhard's coming trip to St. Germain.


Box 1 Folder 25
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
September 9, 1949: from Les Moulins par Neuville
Description: On the stationery of É, contains an extended description of Teilhard's vacation, and a short mention of his current activites (reading and writing) and his attitude toward his censure.


Box 1 Folder 26
TLS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
August 30, 1950: from Les Moulins par Neuville
Description: Contains Teilhard's comments upon the recent definition of the Assumption: "...again, just as before Galileo, they do not understand that the Universe has an 'organicity' that prohibits certain fancies, something that everyone (except them) sees today."


Box 1 Folder 27
TLS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
December 24, 1950: (No Place)
Description: Contains description of Teilhard's activities, his pleasure that his ideas are spreading, and his desire for a "show-down" with Rome. Also contains a mention of Julian Huxley, who is working on a project for UNESCO to produce a (scientific) History of Man.


Box 1 Folder 28
TLS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
March 9, 1952: from New York
Description: Describes Teilhard's activities in New York at the Wenner-Gren Foundation, specifically, his attempts to "clarify and disseminate [his ] ideas...on the true Science of Man." He also writes that the religious situation is "superficially calm."


Letters with Incomplete or Missing Dates


Box 1 Folder- 29
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
No Date ("Friday"): from Peking?
Description: On the stationery of the Institut de Geobiologie, a short note containing Teilhard's regards.


Box 1 Folder 30
ALS, Teilhard to Mr. & Mrs. Raphael
No Date ("Saturday" [before February 1943]): (No Place)
Description: Contains a short note telling of Teilhard's planned departure for Tientsin the next day.


Box 1 Folder 31
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
No Date ("Thursday, 194__"): from Peking
Description: On the stationery of the Institut de Geo-Biologie. A short note telling of Teilhard's imminent departure for "Jacques'."


Box 1 Folder 32
ALS, Teilhard [to Mr. & Mrs. Raphael]
September 15, [No year, but before 1943]: from Shanhai Kwang
Description: Contains a short description of the geological terrain in which Teilhard and Leroy were working, the Western Hills of China.


Box- 1 Folder 33
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
No Date ("Tuesday, 24"): (No Place)
Description: A short note containing an invitation to Mme. Raphael. Also contains a mention of an invitation from [Julian?] Huxley, which Teilhard must decline.


Box 1 Folder 34
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
No Date ("Friday" [April or May 1945]): from Peking ?
Description: On the stationery of the Institut de Geobiologie. Contains a short note, mentioning the death of Roosevelt and the election of ಝ LeRoy to a Chair in the French Academy.

Box 1 Folder 35
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
September 18, [1947]: from St. Germain
Description: A short note informing Mme. Raphael of Teilhard's movements, and mentioning some mutual friends: Simone Beaulieu, Simone Begouen, Ida Treat, Rene d'Ouince, [Gaston?] Fessard, Pierre Leroy, & Collette Bertrand.


Box 1 Folder 36
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
August 19, [1947]: from St. Germain
Description: Contains a short note telling of Teilhard's plans to visit Versailles for a Jesuit "Jamboree."


Box- 1 Folder 37
ALS, Teilhard to Mme. Francoise Raphael
No Date ("Thursday"): from Peking
Description: On the stationery of the Department of Anatomy, Peiping Union Medical College. Contains an acceptance of an invitation on behalf of Dr. Weidenreich.


Manuscripts and Offprints


Box 1 Folder 38
AMs, in the hand of Teilhard: Two drawings
No Date: (No Place)
Description: Labelled "Tracépar Teilhard au cours d'une conversation."


Box 1 Folder 39
TMs (part carbon/part original) w/autograph corrections
December 28, 1943: from Peking
Description: Contains a copy of "Reflexions sur Le Bonheur," a manuscript dealing with theories on Happiness.


Box 1 Folder 40
TMs (carbon)
November 15, 1947: from Paris
Description: Contains a carbon of "Reflexions sur le Pฬé Originel," a paper on Teilhard's interpretation of Original Sin in the light of his theories on the origin of Man.


Box 1 Folder 41
Mimeograph Article, inscribed by Teilhard
September 8, 1949: from Les Moulins
Description: Contains a mimeograph copy of "Le Coeur du Problè " inscribed to Francoise [Raphael]. This paper deals with the problem of a static Christian Faith in a world of increasing knowledge about the physical origins of Man.


Box 1 Folder 42
Offprint, inscribed by Teilhard to Mme. Raphael
January 1, 1947: from Louvaine
Description: Contains an offprint of "Une Interprébiologique plausible de l'Histoire Humaine: la formation de la `Noosphè" from Revues des Questions Scientifiques, January 1947.


Box 1 Folder 43
Offprint of Article by Teilhard
April 20, 1948: from Louvaine
Description: Contains a copy of "Le rebondissement humaine de l'é et ses consé" an offprint from Revue des Questions Scientifiques, 20 April 1948.


Box 1 Folder 44
Offprint of Article by Teilhard
October 23, 1948: from Paris
Description: Contains a copy of "Les Directions et les Conditions de l'Avenir," an offprint from Psyché, 23-24 October 1948.






Photographs


Box 1 Folder 45
Photographs, Black and White
No Date: from Peking, China
Description: Contains photographs of persons from the following group: Teilhard, Pierre Leroy, Paul and Francoise Raphael, Tilly Hoffman, Mrs. Lucile Swan. One photo shows a group "at a French Journalist['s]" and includes Teilhard, Leroy and Ambassador Henri Cosme.



INDEX
[ ], Arthur 1 - 11
1 12
Adam
Creation of 1 - 26
Anthropology
Teilhard's View of 1 - 28
1 21
Assumption
Encyclical on 1 - 26
Aurore <?> 1 - 5
Beaulieu, Paulette 1 - 14
Beaulieu, Simone 1 - 35
Beauroy, [Gabriel?] 1 - 13
Begouen, Simone 1 - 35
Bertrand, Collete 1 - 35

[Bertrand?], Collete 1 - 19
Brial,[ ] 1 - 13
Bucy,[ ] 1 - 13
Burchart, [Poney?] 1 - 21
China
Political Developments 1 - 8
Chinese Fossil Mammals 1 - 5
"Coeur de Problè" 1 - 41
Cosme, Henri 1 - 14
1 45
Dechmann, Geoffrey 1 - 7
1 14
1 13
"Directions et les Conditions de l'Avenir" 1 - 44
Drawings
by Teilhard 1 - 38
Dubois, [Eugene?] 1 - 13
Ecclesiasical Censure
of Teilhard 1 - 27
1 23
1 25
1 28
Evolution 1 - 41
1 42
1 43
1 44
Evolution of Man 1 - 23
Faith and Science 1 - 41
Father General of the S.J. 1 - 15
FauréRobert 1 - 18
1 13
Fessard, [Gaston?] 1 - 35
Filliol, [ ] 1 - 11
Frick, Childs 1 - 21
Galileo 1 - 26
Geological Strata 1 - 32
Geological Survey 1 - 15
Germain, Fr. 1 - 11
Goethe 1 - 3
Happiness
Philosophy of 1 - 39
Heart Attack
1 17
1 35
1 18
1 16
Hoffman, Malvina 1 - 21
Hoffman, Tilly 1 - 45
"Human Destiny" 1 - 21
Huxley, Julian 1 - 33
1 14
1 27
"Interprébiologique plausible de l'Histoire humaine..."
1 - 42
Irrawaddy
Archaeology 1 - 1
Jesuits 1 - 36
LeRoy, ಝ
French Academy 1 - 34
Leroy, Pierre, S.J. 1 - 5
1 7
1 18
1 19
1 22
1 32
1 35
1 45
Mabille, Mme. [ ] 1 - 11
Mandalay 1 - 1
Meyer, Captain 1 - 14
Noosphere 1 - 42
NoüMme. Lecomte du 1 - 21
Original Sin 1 - 40
Otto, Renພ 1 - 21
Ouince, Renéd' 1 - 35
Peking Alumni 1 - 13
Phenomenon of Man
Publication 1 - 15
Photographs 1 - 45
Pifaretti, [ ] 1 - 11
"Planitisation Humaine" 1 - 7
Portrait of Teilhard 1 - 20
Post-War World 1 - 8
Raphael, Paul
Photograph 1 - 45
Death of 1 - 3
Death of
Anniversary 1 - 6
1 10
1 4
"Rebondissement humaine de l'éet ses consé"
1 - 43
"Reflexions sur le PฬéOriginel" 1 - 40
"Reflexions sur le Bonheur" 1 - 39
Rochefoucault, Edmພde la 1 - 20
Rome 1 - 22
Roosevelt, Franklin
Death of 1 - 34
Sorbonne 1 - 27
St. Geneviè 1 - 36
St. Germain 1 - 24
Strathmore 1 - 12
Swan, Lucile 1 - 45
Tientsin 1 - 30
Tolstoy
Philosophy 1 - 9
Treat, Ida 1 - 35
Union Medical College
Peking 1 - 37
UNO [United Nations?]
Paris 1 - 20
Vacations 1 - 25
Versaille 1 - 36
War and Peace 1 - 9
Weidenreich, Dr. F. 1 - 2
1 1
1 37
Wenner-Gren Foundation 1 - 28
Western Hills (China) 1 - 32


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