Section IV

John Carroll planned to establish an American Catholic college as early as 1783. Fund-raising began and land was acquired in 1787, and building commenced in 1788. The first student, William Gaston, arrived in 1791.

58 Carroll, John, to Rev. Charles Plowden, Rock Creek, December 15, 1785.

"The object nearest my heart now & the only one that can give consistency to our religious views in this country, is the establishment of a school..." (MSJ)

59 The same to the same, Rock Creek, January 22-February 28, 1787.

"We have now two great undertakings in hand for the success of which we stand in need of every support and best advice of the friends of religion. We have resolved to establish an academy for the education of youth; and to sollicit the appointment of a diocesan Bishop." Carroll asks for detailed advice about the organization and curriculum of the school and describes the opposition of those who did not wish to alienate the property held in anticipation of the restoration of the Society. Carroll took the larger view: "I hope they will soon change their minds, and remember . . . that the Society was instituted to save souls; & that souls were not made subservient to the temporal benefits of the Society." (MSJ)


60 Carroll, John, to the Gentlemen of the Southern District, Baltimore, February 7, 1787. (Retained copy)

Answering objections raised to the school, Carroll provides a clear description of its intended scope:

"With respect to Instruction, it is confined to the teaching of English, the learned languages, and the elements of mathematics." (BCA)

61 [Carroll, John. Plan for the academy. N.p., 1789?]

As this document indicates, Carroll planned the school in great detail. Pages displayed detail the general government of the academy and the salaries of the professors: "But as it cannot be expected that the meer English Teacher will be a candidate for H. orders, it is proposed to give him 80 p. ann." Carroll first wrote "100 p. ann." (BCA)


62 To all liberally inclined to promote the education of youth. [Baltimore? 1786?] (GUA)

63 Proposals for establishing an academy. [Baltimore? 1786?]

Carroll's letter of authorization for fund-raising and his Proposals were the first public notices of the proposed academy; the copies displayed were sent to Edward Weld of Lulworth, Dorset, March 30, 1787. In a letter of February 7, 1787 (60), Carroll says that they should have been sent to the addressee long since. (GUA)

64 Carroll, John, to Thomas Sim Lee, Georgetown, January 25, 1787.

"I have the pleasure to inform you that we have flattering prospects for its [the academy's] encouragement: Col. Deakins & Mr. Threlkeld have joined in granting a fine piece of ground for the purpose of building." (GULSC)

65 [Contract for erecting the first building of Georgetown College] June 4, 1788.

Henry Carlile, carpenter and joiner, and John M. Henry agree to build the "hull or carcase" for 450 pounds, Maryland money. The materials were to be provided by the superintendents, Bernard O'Neale, William Deakins, Notley Young, and Charles Beatty. (MSJ)

66 Carroll, John, to Rev. Charles Plowden, Maryland, March 1, 1788.

"We shall begin the building of our Academy this summer. In the beginning we shall confine our plan to a house of 63 or 64 feet by 50, on one of the most lovely situations that imagination can frame." (MSJ)

67 [Ledger A-1, Georgetown College] 1791-1796.

This ledger includes accounts with William Gaston, the first student, and Mathew Carey, bookseller. The opening displayed shows the account of Augustine and Bushrod Washington, sons of Bushrod Washington, the nephew of the first President. (GUA)

68 [Minutes, Board of Directors, Georgetown College] 1797-1815.

The General Chapter of the Clergy appointed five directors for the proposed academy in 1786; this number was reduced to three in 1792. Neither body appears to have kept regular minutes. On September 1, 1797, a committee of the Select Body appointed a new board and resolved that they should appoint a secretary who should keep a book of their proceedings. Minutes of the first meeting are shown. (GUA)

69 College of George-Town, (Potomack) in the State of Maryland, United States of America. [Georgetown] 1798. (GUA)

70 The same, in Spanish. [Georgetown] 1798.

The first prospectus of Georgetown College, issued by President DuBourg on January 1, 1798. The fragments of the Spanish version are unique; no copy of the French version published at the same time is known to exist. (GUA)

71 Emblem of Georgetown College. Etched copper plate by an unknown artist, Ca. 1798.

A ledger entry of May 11, 1798, records the payment of 15 shillings to a college employee, one Justane, for "the Seal of the Corporation." Though not, properly speaking, a seal, this plate is linked with that entry, and later official seals have employed various modifications of this original design. (GUA)

72 Pius VII. Catholicae fidei. [Polotsk or Mogilev? 1801]

By the brief Catholicae fidei, Pius VII gave his formal sanction to the branch of the Jesuits which had survived suppression in White Russia. Under its terms the vicar-general, Franciszek Kareu, became "General" of the Society. Its circulation throughout the world caused a flood of petitions from groups of ex-Jesuits to affiliate with the Russian Jesuits, even though such affiliation was not formally sanctioned in Catholicae fidei. (MSJ)

73 [Petition requesting restoration of the Society of Jesus in North America] Newtown, August 30, 1802. (BCA)

74 [List of those declaring desire to become postulants of the Society] Charles and St. Mary's County, April 25, 1803. (BCA)

On May 25, 1803, Bishops Carroll and Neale, the recipients of the petition and its addendum, forwarded the request to the General in Russia, Gabriel Gruber.

75 Stone, Rev. Marmaduke, to John Carroll, Stonyhurst, February 24, 1805.

Fr. Stone's letter includes a copy of the letter sent by Father General Gruber to Carroll, March 12, 1804, but which Carroll never received; thus Stone's letter, a year later, brought the first news of the General's acceptance of the petitioners. (BCA)

Rev. Robert Molyneux

76 Carroll, John. [Appointment of Rev. Robert Molyneux as Superior of the American Jesuits] [Baltimore?] June 27, 1805.

Molyneux's appointment antedates by nearly two months the formal taking of vows by Frs. Molyneux, Sewall, and Charles Neale, who became the first Americans to rejoin the Society, August 18, 1805. (MSJ)

77 Brzozowski, Rev. Tadeusz, to John Carroll, Polotsk, November 17, 1805. (BCA)

78 The same to the same, St. Petersburg, February 22, 1806. (BCA)

The confusions introduced into the process of restoration by faulty mails and the death of Father General Gruber in April, 1805, were finally resolved in these letters from his successor, the second specifically approving Carroll's choices of Molyneux as Superior and Francis Neale as head of the novitiate, and leaving no doubts that the American Jesuits were once again firmly a part of the Society.

The Seal of the Society of Jesus

As rendered in stained glass in the Healy Building, Georgetown University


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