The Marquess of Winchester Papers

The papers of Henry William Montagu Paulet (1862 - 1962), 16th Marquess of Winchester, consist of 1.5 linear feet of material, comprised of correspondence, manuscripts, and related printed items. This collection primarily concerns two residual estates of which Winchester was a beneficiary: that of his uncle, Field Marshall Lord William Paulet, and that of his brother, Augustus John Henry Beaumont Paulet, 15th Marquess of Winchester.

Henry William Monatagu Paulet, 16th Marquess of Winchester was the son of the 14th Marquess of Winchester, who had been an equerry to George IV and had succeeded the First Duke of Wellington as Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire. The 16th Marquess was educated at the Royal Navy Academy, Gosport, but did not follow the sea as a profession. He travelled widely, shooting big game in the Rocky Mountains, and touring India, China, Ceylon and Japan. He went out to South Africa in the 1890's: like many young men of his generation he was captivated by the glamor of Cecil Rhodes and his sporting qualities appealed to Rhodes, whom he accompanied on lion-hunting expeditions. After he returned to England, he spent much time at the family home at Amport and took active interest in county administration, serving as chairman of Hampshire County Council from 1904 - 1909 and as Lord Lieutenant for some years. In the First World War he was with B.E.F., holding the rank of major in The Rifle Brigade. The 16th Marquess died on June 28, 1962 at the age of 99, thought to have been the longest lived peer in British history.

Lord William Paulet (1804 - 1893) was the fourth son of Charles Ingoldsby Paulet, 13th Marquess of Winchester. He was educated at Eton and in 1821 was appointed an ensign in the 85th light infantry. By 1843 he was lieutenant-colonel of the light infantry serving at Gibraltar, in the West Indies, and North America. He went to Crimea during that war as an assistant adjutant-general of cavalry under Lord Lucan, and was present at Balakava (see Kinglake's Invasion of the Crimea), Inkerman and Sevastopol. In November of 1854 he was appointed commander of British forces "on the Bosphorus, at Gallipoli, and the Dardanelles" wnere Florence Nightingale had earlier come with her nurses. He returned to England in 1856 and became one of the first commanders at Aldershot. In 1858 he was appointed major-general, and from 1860 to 1865 was commander of the south-west district of Britain. In 1886 he became field-marshall. His life is described in detail in the Dictionary of National Biography.

Augustus John Henry Beaumont Paulet (1858 - 1899), 15th Marquess of Winchester, was educated at Eton and in 1879 became a lieutenant in the Coldstream Guards. He served in the Suakin campaign in 1885 and became a captain in 1890 and a major in 1897. During the Boer War he was killed at the battle of Magersfontein. In Hall's history of the Coldstream Guards he relates the following: "When the late Marquess fell at the battle of Magersfontein, having displayed 'almost reckless valour,' his body was brought home to the churchyard of that Amport which preserves in its suffix, though the fact has been forgotten, the name of his Norman ancestor, the Hugh de Port of the Conquest."

The trustees for the estate of Lord William Paulet were Augustus Frederick Arthur (1840 - 1904), 6th Baron Sandys of Ombersley; Colonel Hon. Sir Harry Charles Legge (1852 - 1924), and Frederick Wolfe, the solicitor. Legge and Wolfe were also the trustees for the estate of the 15th Marquess as well as George Ralph Charles Ormsby Gore (1885 - 1938), 3rd Baron of Harlech.

Lord Sandys had served as a lieutenant in the Life Guards and was a Liberal in politics. In 1872 he married Augusta Anne des Voeux, whose mother was a daughter of the 13th Marquess of Winchester, thus becoming related to the Paulet family by marriage. Colonel Hon. Sir Harry Charles Legge was a son of the 5th Earl of Dartmouth and had a distinguished career of service to the royal family. He was Equerry-in Waiting to Queen Victoria in 1893, and to the King, 1901 - 1915. From 1917 - 1920 he was Paymaster of the King's Household. From 1907 until his death he was Secretary of the Order of Merit. He had served with the Coldstream Guards, 1872 -1899, and during the Sudan campaign in 1885 became brevet-major. Lord Harlech must have known the 15th Marquess both at school and in the army, having been educated at Eton and later serving in the Coldstream Guards. He was M.P. for Oswestry, 1901 - 1904; Lord Lieutenant of County Leirim in 1904; and served in World War One as Colonel-in-Chief of the Welsh Guards.

The collection deals with the administration by the trustees of both of these inter-related estates: settling probate, the estate duty, buying of stocks, selling of property, distribution of monies, etc. There is much on the Winchester property in Southampton. There are 5 items signed by the 16th Marquess; 20 letters by Colonel Sir H. C. Legge; 14 letters by Lord Sandys; and several letters by Lord Harlech. There is considrable material regarding a 1901 legal suit, Gore v. Winchester, between the trustees and the 16th Marquess over the lifeholds of his brother's property, one being held by the Duke of Cambridge, and another by Victoria Mary Louise, Princess Royal of Great Britain and Emperess Frederick of Germany. There is an interesting letter from the Garter King of Arms, Sir Albert William Woods (1816 - 1904; see DNB), thanking the trustees for sending Lord William Paulet's Order of Bath insignia. Another interesting document is the epitome of the marriage settlement, of which the 15th Marquess was a trustee, for Miss Mary Frances Seymour Dawson-Damer whose mother was Minnie Seymour, adopted daughter of Mrs. Fitzherbert, wife of George IV.

These papers are important for any history of the Paulet family and the Winchester peerage, which is the Premier Marquessate of England. They would also be of value for any biographical study of the various noted individuals mentioned above as well as for any history of Southampton county. The English legal historian and the cultural historian would find the collection useful also.

* * * * * * *

Number of Boxes: 1
Extent: 1.5 linear feet
Provenance: Gift of Nicholas B. Scheetz, 1986
Date span: June 30, 1873 - 1948
Processed by: Michael J. North
Date: October 5, 1988

* * * * * * *


Box 1 Folder 1
Paulet Estate - Death Certificate and Order of Bath
Date span: 11 May 1893 - 15 Jun 1893
Description: Death certificate of Lord William Paulet, Field Marshall, dated 11 May 1893. A document acknowledging receipt of Paulet's "Collar with Military Badge" by the Order of the Bath from the executors of Paulet's estate. Includes the following items:
1 ADS, receipt for badge to Paulet signed by Albert W. Woods.
15 Jun 1893

Box 1 Folder 2
Paulet Estate - Correspondence with Winchester
Date span: 4 Oct 1901 - 30 Jun 1913
Description: 5 pieces of legal correspondence from the 16th Marquess of Winchester to the trustees of Paulet's estate. Includes the following items:
1 ADS from 16th Marquess of Winchester to the trustees of the Paulet estate.
14 Oct 1901
1 ADS from 16th Marquess of Winchester to the trustees of the Paulet estate.
12 Dec 1901
1 TLS from 16th Marquess of Winchester to the trustees of the Paulet estate.
18 Mar 1905
1 ADS from 16th Marquess of Winchester to the trustees of the Paulet estate.
26 Jan 1910
1 TLS from 16th Marquess of Winchester to the trustees of the Paulet estate.
30 Jun 1913

Box 1 Folder 3
Paulet Estate - Correspondence, 1900 - 1905
Date span: 8 Mar 1900 - 11 May 1905
Description: 58 letters concerning financial matters of the Paulet estate, including stock transfer interest statements. 3 ALSs from Legge, 7 ALSs from Baron Sandys of Ombersley.

Box 1 Folder 4
Paulet Estate - Correspondence re Tooting Ground Rents
Date span: 14 Oct 1901 - 13 Mar 1902
Description: 28 letters regarding legal and financial matters of Tooting Ground Rents. 1 ALS from Baron Sandys of Ombersley, 3 ALSs from Legge.

Box 1 Folder 5
Paulet Estate - Clerical, Med. & Gen. Life Assurance Co
Date span: 30 Apr 1901 - 17 Jan 1902
Description: 18 letters regarding the Paulet estate's investment in the Clerical, Medical and General Life Assurance Company. 4 ALSs from Baron Sandys of Ombersley.

Box 1 Folder 6
Paulet Estate - Correspondence with Brokers and Banks
Date span: Jun 1901 - 14 Sep 1913
Description: 16 letters to and from banks regarding the Paulet estate, includes many financial statements. 2 TLSs from Baron Sandys of Ombersley, 1 TDS from Legge.

Box 1 Folder 7
Paulet Estate - Broker Contracts
Date span: Jun 1896 - 30 Sep 1913
Description: 22 pieces of legal materials, most regard agreements between the Paulet estate and various brokers. Some brochures describing investment plans.

Box 1 Folder 8
Paulet Estate - Death of Trustees
Date span: 29 Jun 1900 - 7 Mar 1926
Description: 4 documents regarding the deaths of trustees of the Paulet estate and the appointment of new ones. One document regards the appointment of Legge (1904) and his death (1924).

Box 1 Folder 9
Paulet Estate - Securities Lists and Related
Date span: 7 Nov 1895 - 27 Sep 1916
Description: 17 pieces of material, most of which are lists of securities and other investments of the Paulet estate.

Box 1 Folder 10
Paulet Estate - Statements and Accounts
Date span: Dec 1896 - 7 May 1917
Description: 7 financial reports on the earnings of the Paulet estate from 1896 to 1917, 4 of which are duplicate copies of the same report.

Box 1 Folder 11
15th Marquess' Estate - The Marquess' Will
Date span: 29 Sep 1899
Description: 1 copy of the 15th Marquess of Winchester's will, with a small separate page listing gifts to servants. The will names Legge, Wolfe and Gore as trustees to the estate.

Box 1 Folder 12
15th Marquess' Estate - Gore v. Winchester, Correspond.
Date span: 17 Jul 1901 - 13 Nov 1901
Description: 10 letters regarding Gore v. Winchester. 1 ALS from Legge and 1 letter from Gore.

Box 1 Folder 13
15th Marquess' Estate - Gore v. Winchester, Documents
Date span: 9 Jul 1901 - 2 Dec 1901
Description: 17 documents involving the court case, Gore, et al. v. Winchester, et al. Documents give full details of the case, including affidavits and opinions. Gore, Legge, Wolfe (the trustees) are all shown to be plaintiffs, Winchester and two others defendants.

Box 1 Folder 14
15th Marquess' Estate - Ifield Road Purchase
Date span: 12 Apr 1901 - 26 Jun 1901
Description: 8 letters and 1 document concerning the purchase of property on Ifield Road by the estate of the 15th Marquess of Winchester. 1 ALS from Legge.

Box 1 Folder 15
15th Marquess' Estate - Correspondence with Brokers
Date span: 24 Sep 1916 - 4 Jan 1917
Description: 15 letters from brokers to the estate of the 15th Marquess and from Legge (7 ALSs) to the estates solicitors.

Box 1 Folder 16
15th Marquess' Estate - Southampton Estate
Date span: 1900
Description: 11 documents concerning the finances at the Southampton Estates.

Box 1 Folder 17
15th Marquess' Estate - Leaseholds & Other Properties
Date span: 16 Mar 1900
Description: 5 documents concerning leaseholds on various properties.

Box 1 Folder 18
15th Marquess' Estate - Probate
Date span: Dec 1899 - 21 Mar 1900
Description: 11 documents regarding the probate of the estate of the 15th Marquess.

Box 1 Folder 19
15th Marquess' Estate - Estate Duty Material
Date span: 18 Dec 1899 - 4 Jun 1924
Description: 19 documents concerning the payment of estate duties on the estate of the 15th Marquess. Most documents include official forms and relate mainly to cash holdings and real property.

Box 1 Folder 20
15th Marquess' Estate - Estate Duty (Stocks)
Date span: 7 Feb 1901
Description: 2 groups of documents, mainly consisting of lists of stock holdings of the estate of the 15th Marquess and some forms for the payment of estate duties.

Box 1 Folder 21
15th Marquess' Estate - Investments and Stocks
Date span: 11 Dec 1899 - Nov 1948
Description: 7 lists of stock holdings by the estate of the 15th Marquess from various time periods.

Box 1 Folder 22
15th Marquess' Estate - Settled Estates
Date span: 1895 - 1934
Description: 4 documents regarding property settlements of the estate of the 15th Marquess. One document is a schedule of deeds and docuements, another regards the sale of furniture, and a third involves "dealings of Settled Estates..."

Box 1 Folder 23
15th Marquess' Estate - Accounts with the Estate
Date span: 1898 - 1900
Description: 4 listings of the accounts of the estate of the 15th Marquess from January 1898 to December 1900. Some of the documents are duplicates.

Box 1 Folder 24
15th Marquess' Estate - Marriage Settlements
Date span: 20 Jul 1880 - 20 Jul 1881
Description: 2 marriage settlement contracts of which the 15th Marquess of Winchester was a trustee. Their relation to the estate of the 15th Marquess is unclear. Algernon Henry Mills & Mary F. Seymour Dawson-Damer; Francis Hugh R. Seymour Sutton & Susan E. Lascelles.

Box 1 Folder 25
15th & 16th Marquess' Powers of Attorney
Date span: 17 Mar 1899 - 21 Oct 1899
Description: 2 documents, a copy of the power of attorney of the 15th Marquess of Winchester a month and a half before his death, and that of Lord Henry Paulet before he attained the Marquesate.

Box 1 Folder 26
Lord Henry Paulet Estate - Will, etc.
Date span: 30 Jun 1873 - 3 Dec 1887
Description: 2 documents: the court proceedings of Marquess of Winchester v. Gooden ("in re Lord Henry Paulet") and a copy of the will of Lord Henry Paulet used as evidence in the case. Lord Henry Paulet was probably the uncle of the 15th and 16th Marquess of Winchester.


Arthur, Augustus Frederick (see Sandys of Ombersley, Baron)

Clerical, Medical & General Life Assurance Co. 1: 5

Dawson-Damer, Mary F. Seymour marriage 1: 24

Estate duty 1: 19

Gore, George Ralph C. Ormsby ALSs 1: 11 - 1: 13

Gore v. Winchester 1: 12
- 1: 13

Harlech, Baron of (see Gore, Geo.)

Ifield Road 1: 14

Lascelles, Susan Elizabeth marriage 1: 24

Legge, Sir Harry Charles ALSs 1: 2 - 1: 4
- - 1: 6
- - 1: 8
- - 1: 11 - 1: 15

Mills, Algernon Henry marriage 1: 24

Order of the Bath 1: 1

Paulet, Augustus J. H. Beaumont (see Winchester, Marq., 15th)

Paulet, Lord Henry estate 1: 26

Paulet, Lord Henry Wm. Montagu (see Winchester, Marq., 16th)

Paulet, Lord William estate 1: 1 - 1: 10

Sandys of Ombersley, Baron ALSs 1: 1
- - 1: 3 - 1: 6

Southampton Estates 1: 16

Sutton, Francis R. H. Seymour marriage 1: 24

Tooting Ground Rents 1: 4

Winchester, Marquess of (15th) reference 1: 24 - 1: 26
- estate 1: 12 - 1: 23
- will 1: 11

Winchester, Marquess of (16th) ADSs 1: 2
- reference 1: 2 - 1: 23
- - 1: 25

Wolfe, Frederick ADS 1: 2
- - 1: 11
- - 1: 13

Woods, Albert W. ADS 1: 1

Return to Collection List
Return to Finding Aids
Return to Special Collections Home Page