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Paul C. Warnke and the Arms Control Association
Speaking to the Issues
Paul C. Warnke spoke widely, on many different subjects to many different audiences, but from the time of his service as Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs in the Johnson Administration (1967) until his death at age 81 (2001), arms control was a recurring and heartfelt theme.
Photograph [ uncredited] of Warnke speaking April 23, 1992 at the College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, Massachusetts. See item 11 for text.
Speech to the Advocates Club, Detroit, Michigan, October 6, 1967. Warnke observes that "We deal necessarily with the implements of death." Photocopy of typescript.
Testimony before the Arms Control Subcommittee, Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Washington, DC, July 13, 1971. Text of prepared statement amended in Warnke's hand.
Speech to the Woman's National Democratic Club, Washington, DC, November 10, 1977. Report on negotiations with the Russians on two proposals presented to them in March of that year. Text as printed by U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency for further distribution.
Speech to the Council on Foreign Relations, New York, NY, October 16, 1978. A detailed presentation on SALT II for an already informed audience. Photocopy of typescript.
Speech to the American Physical Society, New York, NY, January 27, 1981. A technical and strategic analysis of the proposed MX missile deployment. Typescript.
Speech to International Seminar in American Studies, Claremont, Calif, July 20, 1983. Typescript. It seems unlikely that this was the copy Warnke used. As an habitual editor, he would not have allowed "Nitzer" for "Nitze" to stand unmarked.
Lecture to the Oxford Project for Peace Studies and others, St. Mary's College, Oxford, UK, April 27, 1989. Text as processed by OPPS for further distribution.
Speech for a conference, The Morality of Nuclear Deterrence, Columbia, S. Carolina, February 9, 1990. A manuscript list of points to be made, typescript of the text, and program of the conference.
Speech to the U.S. Conference of Mayors, United Nations, NY, January 6, 1991. Warnke explained how a comprehensive test ban and other steps could contribute to a more stable balance among the nuclear powers. Typescript annotated in Warnke's hand.
Speech at College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, Mass., April 23, 1992. Warnke explained why nuclear weapons, made even more unnecessary by the demise of the Soviet empire, would continue to exist in large numbers without positive action for change. Typescript.
Speech at The American University, Washington, DC, June 10, 1993 on the Thirtieth Anniversary of President Kennedy's speech proposing a comprehensive test ban. Typescript annotated in Warnke's hand. A program containing the text of Kennedy's speech. Warnke's place marker autographed by Daniel Ellsberg.
Keynote speech for Conference, Nuclear Terrorism: Threats and Responses, Washington, DC. April 30, 1996. Typescript.
Speech to DC League of Women Voters and others, Washington DC, March 6, 1997. An outline of what needed to be done to satisfy legitimate concerns of non-nuclear weapons states that had ratified the non-proliferation treaty. Typescript.
Speech to Main Hall Forum, Lawrence University, Appleton, Wisc,. October 26, 1998. A summation of Warnke's position that the only justification for nuclear weapons is to deter the use of nuclear weapons. Typescript..
Writing for Many Audiences
16. Photograph [New York Times. Undated] Warnke at his desk, tools at hand.
Article, published as a Letter, in Washington Monthly, September 1970. Warnke notes that U.S. forces in Europe, expensive as they might be, were a more effective and economical deterrent to Soviet ambition than our nuclear forces. Two drafts, the final text, and the issue in which it appears.
Article, ''Apes on a Treadmill" in Foreign Policy, Spring 1975. Wamke's memorable characterization of the U.S.-Soviet nuclear arms race as foolish and ultimately futile was later used against him during his confirmation hearings for the ACDA post. Letter from Richard Holbrooke soliciting the article, the "Final" draft of the article, a copy of Warnke's letter of submission, and some post-submission revision correspondence.
Op-Ed for the New York Times, April 13, 1990. Text as transmitted to the Times and a photocopy of its appearance in the paper.
Paired article for The American Legion Magazine, July 1979. Warnke presented the case for the SALT II treaty alongside Paul H. Nitze's case against it. The issue
Op-Ed for the San Jose Mercury News, October 6, 1991. Reaction to George H. W. Bush's disarmament initiatives and suggestions for additional steps. Telephone message to Warnke soliciting the piece, text as transmitted to the Mercury News, and a photocopy of the article as published.
Article for the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November 1991. Warnke warned of the dangers of weakening or abandoning the ABM treaty of 1972. Typescript, tear sheet, and the issue.
Op-Ed for The Orlando Sentinel, May 27, 1990. Warnke cited historical precedent to argue that summit meetings can spark progress on arms control issues. Typescript and the Sunday editorial section in which it appeared.
Examining the Proposals
Photograph [Official Photographer, The White House, MA 2, 1978.] Warnke, Cyrus Vance, Jimmy Carter, Zbigniew Brzezinski, and others at the conference table.
Quote for the staff of the Congressional Arms Control and Foreign Policy Caucus, chaired by Maryland's Connie Morella and Joe Biden. It addressed deployment of a point defense anti-missile system, allowed by the ABM treaty, to defend the ICBM base at Grand Forks, N. Dakota. Telephone message and facsimile from Edie Wilke asking for his comment and the manuscript text of Warnke's reply.
Letter to Sen. Joseph R. Biden, Jr., August 6, 1991, supporting ratification of the Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe. Wamke's retained copy.
Letter to John Isaacs, April 18, 1994, discussing problems with a draft of a paper on U.S. nuclear policy. Warnke was a member of the board of the Education Fund of the Council for a Livable World but not an unquestioning supporter of all its positions. In this case, the differences could not be bridged. Also, a request to review a revised version and Wamke's note recording his final decision.
Letter to John H. Downs, July 19, 1991. In discussing a manuscript on the history of lawyers and arms control Warnke let slip his opinion of General Edward Rowny as an arms control negotiator. Warnke's retained copy.
Letter to Jeremy J. Stone, September 7, 1995. Responding to long-time friend and correspondent Stone, Warnke formulated an expanded version of a no-first-use of nuclear weapons pledge. Warnke's retained copy.
Photograph [Uncredited, undated] Warnke beside Cyrus Vance at a press conference in Geneva.
Letter to Charles William Maynes, July 9, 1991. Asked for an endorsement of the journal Foreign Policy, Warnke offered two. Wamke's retained copy.
Letter from Thomas A. Halsted, June 23, 1992. Halsted quoted Warnke as having his heart with Bill Clinton.
Comments to Arms Control Association Annual Membership Meeting, February 10, 1994. Wherever his heart was, Warnke's head demanded consistent leadership on arms control issues. Here he told the Clinton administration "the most important step in shoring up the nonproliferation regime .. .is to complete a comprehensive test ban treaty." Typescript.
Letter to Fred Bratman and Scott Lewis, September 16, 1992. For a collection of reading lists by authorities in various fields Warnke suggested six books on the nuclear age. Warnke's retained copies of the letter, the list, and assignment of his fee to a reading encouragement program.
Warnke and the Arms Control Association
Speech to the Arms Control Association Annual Lunch, December 6, 1989. Transcript of the speech. As with many of Warnke's oral presentations, it was edited for later publication in Arms Control Today.
Speech to the Arms Control Association Annual Dinner, May 28, 1991. Typescript annotated in Warnke's hand.
Panel Discussion "Arms Control: Review and Preview", December 11, 1990. Panels were one of Wamke's most valuable. He and Spurgeon Keeny were usually the core contributors, joined by others as the topic dictated. Program, notes and transcript.
Panel Discussion for Press Briefing ''The Postponement of the Moscow Summit: Will the START and CFE Treaties be Casualties?" Warnke was particularly useful for these quick reaction activities because he could address particular events in the light of comprehensive background study. Speaking notes in Warnke's hand on the back of a program announcement, a transcript of the session and correspondence about publication in Arms Control Today.
Letter from President Jimmy Carter, October 17, 1978. An expression of thanks for Warnke's ambassadorial service as Chairman of the SALT negotiating team and as Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. TLS.
Hand made card [undated] signed by friends and colleagues at ACDA on the occasion of Warnke's departure.
Program for the inaugural Paul C. Warnke Lecture, February 26, 2003 sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations. Also a Photographic Portrait [Uncredited, undated] of Warnke, probably from his service in the Carter Administration.