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Sailboats in a harbor

Detail from the photograph Bay Sky Cloud Reflector by Joel Meyerowitz ca. 1987, Booth Family Center for Special Collections

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Provincetown Art Colony

Online Exhibitions
December 19, 2018
December 31, 2018

Provincetown was the home for many major artists such as Jackson Pollock (summer 1944), Robert Motherwell, Helen Frankenthaler (1961-69), Milton Avery (summer 1958), Charles W. Hawthorne, Mark Rothko (1957-64), Franz Kline (1950s-62), Hans Hofmann, and others. Just outside Provincetown in South Truro, Edward Hopper was a seasonal resident for many years. Provincetown and the towns of the Outer Cape were the home of an art colony that lasted over a century. Michael Cunningham in his book Land's End: A Walk In Provincetown stated that Provincetown "is the Morocco of America, the New Orleans of the North." Just as the light changes frequently in Provincetown, the community has changed as well. Provincetown started out as the first stop for the pilgrims, then became a Yankee whaling village, a Portuguese fishing town populated by the descendants of immigrants from the Azores who came to work in the whaling village, a thriving artist community, and now a popular destination for LGBTQ tourists. This exhibition reveals the way Provincetown has influenced photographers in the Perry Collection and the art colony that drew them to Cape Cod's Shores. 

Sand Bar at Sunrise

Sand Bar 6:30 am 1984
Joel Meyerowitz
1984
Joel Meyerowitz, 2001

"Stand at the edge of the sea every day and allow yourself to be drawn into the phenomenon of light over water. You will see the remarkable, subtle daily changes- the book of hours – inscribed in nature."

Sand Dunes

Cape Cod (sand dunes)
Harry Callahan
1978

Town Hall Provincetown

Town Hall, Provincetown + drawing
Chester Leich
1917
Pilgrims

When the Pilgrims first came to America they first stopped in the harbor that would be later known as Provincetown. At that time the Nauset tribe was settled in the Outer Cape Region and called the settlement Meeshawn, in the Massachusett dialect that they shared with the Wampanoag people. While the Pilgrims stayed in the Provincetown Harbor they drew up the Mayflower Compact and signed the document, agreeing to settle and build self-governing community. However, while the fishing in Provincetown was plentiful, they decided to seek settlement more inland by Plymouth where the Wampanoag people showed them how to survive on Massachusetts land. Early colonial architecture is still a large legacy in Cape Cod and the churches stand as a reminder to the Pilgrims past. 

Steaple of church

Meeting House, East Falmouth, Cape Cod
Dorothy Norman
1937

Boat in harbor in front of monument

Fishing Boats, P'town
Leonard H. Mersky
An Artist's Fishing Village

American Artist, Charles Hawthorne who studied Plein Air with William Merrit Chase, journeyed to Provincetown to start a school there in 1899. A little less than ten years later, in 1907 President Theodore Roosevelt arrived on the presidential yacht Mayflower to lay the cornerstone of the Pilgrim Monument tower patterned off the Torre del Mangia in Siena Italy. This Pilgrim Monument acted as almost a beacon for American artists as the outbreak of World War I forced many to leave Europe and they came to Provincetown instead. In 1914 a group of artists and townspeople started the Provincetown Art Association (known today as the Provincetown Art Association and Museum). Like the Impressionists in France, the artists in Provincetown were attracted to the reflection of the light on the water and the ample lines of the fishing boats in the harbor. 

 

Lighthouse

Truro Lighthouse, Massachusetts
William Witt
1949-1954

Man wearing sunglasses

Robert Motherwell 1987
Joel Meyerowitz
Robert Motherwell

“It’s exactly the same kind of light that Matisse loved or Miró loved or the Greek sculptors loved. All summer I see blue and white and sand color more than anything else so I begin to use those colors a lot. It’s like osmosis; the colors fill me."

Dunes

Dunes, Last Light, Light Beams
Joel Meyerowitz
1987

Boat by a pier

Cover: Woodblock Prints [from block]
Blanche Lazzell
Techniques Invented In Provincetown

After the Cape Cod School of Art was founded in the 1930s, many artists came to Provincetown and experimented with new methods of art making. White line woodblock printing making originated in Provincetown. Blanche Lazzell was one of those artists. Blanche Lazzell (left) was one of the artists who fled World War I and came to study at Hawthorne's school. She was one of the founding members of the Provincetown Printers, who pioneered the white-line woodcut technique. Paul Resika (right) came to Provincetown in 1947 to study Abstract Expressionism with Hans Hofmann. Many of his series celebrate Provincetown themes such as "Provincetown Pier", "Vessels" and "Bouy" paintings. 

 

Paul Resika painting on the beach

Paul Resika Painting
Joel Meyerowitz
1986

House by the beach

David's House
Joel Meyerowitz
1989
Architecture of Provincetown

Cape Cod Architecture is well known around the world largely due to Edward Hopper. His paintings of isolated houses on the beach inspired American plein-air painters to paint the houses of the West and East end of Provincetown. These natural beach environment of these houses are protected by the national seashore created during the John F. Kennedy administration.

 

Two men meeting on the street

Provincetown Street Scene
John Worthington Gregory
1935
Click on the White Dots!

Explore the photographs of Cape Cod in the Perry Collection. If you have trouble seeing the map try reloading the page or opening in a new browser.

Map of Cape Cod
Acknowledgments: 
 
   Artist studio with metal sculptures
        Sunday Funnies (1948)
       later gelatin silver print
    William Witt
 
 
 Abandoned artist studio with drawings on the walls
           Self Portrait at Truro (1949)
        later gelatin silver print
          William Witt

 

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-- Katie O’Hara, University Art Collection Curatorial Intern and Graduate Student in Art and Museum Studies (Fall 2018)